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Dandruff (Seborrhea dermatitis). By: Michael Denning Anatomy and Physiology 2 nd Block February 14,2012. What is Dandruff?. Scaly white or grayish flakes of dead skin cells, found primarily in the scalp.

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by michael denning anatomy and physiology 2 nd block february 14 2012

Dandruff (Seborrhea dermatitis)

By: Michael DenningAnatomy and Physiology2nd BlockFebruary 14,2012

what is dandruff
What is Dandruff?
  • Scaly white or grayish flakes of dead skin cells, found primarily in the scalp.
  • The condition marked by excessive shedding of flakes and usually accompanied by itching .
causes of dandruff
Causes of Dandruff
  • Dry Skin
  • Eczema
  • Irritated, Oily Skin
  • Not Shampooing Enough
  • Diet
  • Malassezia (Yeast-like Fungus)
  • Mental Stress
  • Not Brushing Your hair
  • HIV
  • Parkinsons Disease
signs and symptoms
Signs and Symptoms
  • Adults: Red flaky, greasy patches of skin Head may feel sore Flakes may be oily looking Head may feel tight and itchy White flakes on the scalp and in hair Head may feel tingly
signs and symptoms1
Signs and Symptoms
  • Babies and Children: Crusting and scaling rash on scalp (Cradle Cap)
treatment
Treatment
  • Use cortisone-based creams and lotions (These reduce inflammation)
  • Reducing the yeast that builds up on scaly areas and adds to the problem.
treatment cont
Treatment cont.
  • Using Shampoo also helps. The ingredients to look for are
  • Tar (T/Gel)
  • Salicylic Acid
  • Zinc Pyrithione (Head and Shoulders)
  • Ciclopirox (Coprox)
  • Selenium Sulfide (Selsun Blue)
  • Ketoconazole (Nizoral)
treatment cont1
Treatment cont.
  • Using foams helps with the treatment of dandruff. Some things to look for in foams are.
  • Betamethasone (Luxiq)
  • Triamcinolone (Kenalog)
  • Clobetasol (Clobex)
  • Fluocinoncide (Synaler)
treatment cont2
Treatment cont.
  • Antifungal creams- Creams that reduce the number of yeast organisms living in skin.
  • Contains 1% clotrimazole cream and 2% micronazole cream.
  • To be effective a person should use it twice a day.
  • They are also called Cortisone Creams
treatment cont3
Treatment cont.
  • Another treatment is using antifungal cleansers which reduces inflammation.
  • Important ingredients in cleansers are:
  • Sulfacetamide (Rosanil)
  • Sodium Sulfacetamide and Sulfur (Clenia)
  • Benzoyl Peroxide (Benoxyl, Zoderm)
bibliography
Bibliography
  • Webster, Merriam -. "Dandruff - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary." Dictionary and Thesaurus - Merriam-Webster Online. Web. 07 Feb. 2012. <http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dandruff>.
  • Rockoff, Alan. "Dandruff (Seborrhea) Causes, Symptoms and Treatment by MedicineNet.com." Medicinenet.com. Web. 07 Feb. 2012. <http://www.medicinenet.com/seborrhea/article.htm>.
  • Alai, Nili N. "Dandruff (Seborrhea) Causes, Symptoms, Treatment - Dandruff Symptoms on EMedicineHealth." Web. 07 Feb. 2012. <http://www.emedicinehealth.com/dandruff/page3_em.htm>.
  • Dictionary, A.D.A.M Medical. "Seborrheic Dermatitis - PubMed Health." 13 May 2011. Web. 07 Feb. 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001959/>.
  • Bar-Shalons, Dr. Ruth. "Skin Health - Dandruff - Natural Medical Solutions." Natural Alternative Medicine Remedies | Natural Cures | Holistic Medicine / Herbal Medicine / Homeopathic Medicine. Web. 07 Feb. 2012. <http://web.naturalmedicalsolutions.com/categories/Skin-Health/Dandruff/>.