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42d Security Forces Squadron . Combat Arms Section. Maxwell Air Force Base Alabama. M16A2 RIFLE TACTICAL RIFLE QUALIFICATION COURSE (TRQC). COURSE OVERVIEW. DAY FIRE OPERATIONS FIRE DAY FIRE NIGHT FIRE OPERATIONS FIRE NIGHT FIRE OPERATOR MAINTENANCE. OVERVIEW. CLASSROOM PROCEDURES

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42d security forces squadron
42d Security Forces Squadron

Combat Arms Section

Maxwell Air Force Base

Alabama

course overview
COURSE OVERVIEW
  • DAY FIRE OPERATIONS
  • FIRE DAY FIRE
  • NIGHT FIRE OPERATIONS
  • FIRE NIGHT FIRE
  • OPERATOR MAINTENANCE
overview
OVERVIEW
  • CLASSROOM PROCEDURES
  • WEAPON SAFETY
  • CLASSROOM SAFETY
  • CWDE (GAS MASK ) FIRING
  • FUNDAMENTALS OF RAPID AND AUTOMATIC FIRING
  • STOPPAGES, MALFUNCTIONS & IMMEDIATE ACTION PROCEDURES
  • MARKSMANSHIP FUNDAMENTALS
classroom procedures
CLASSROOM PROCEDURES
  • Training times: Classroom, Live-Fire, Overall.
  • Safety & Precautions.
  • Break procedures.
  • Location of facilities:
    • Latrines.
    • Smoking area.
    • Telephones.
  • Food & Beverages.
  • Student critiques.
weapon safety8
WEAPON SAFETY
  • TREAT EVERY WEAPON AS IF IT IS LOADED
  • CLEAR (UNLOAD) UNATTENDED WEAPONS
  • KEEP WEAPON POINTED IN A SAFE DIRECTION
  • NEVER POINT A WEAPON AT ANYTHING YOU DON’T INTEND TO SHOOT
  • KEEP FINGER OFF TRIGGER UNTIL READY TO SHOOT
  • BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET AND BEYOND
weapon safety9
WEAPON SAFETY
  • KNOW YOUR WEAPON; LOADING, CLEARING, CORRECT AMMUNITION
  • CHECK BARREL AND ACTION PRIOR TO FIRING FOR OBSTRUCTIONS
  • ALWAYS WEAR EAR PROTECTION WHEN FIRING (EYE PROTECTION AVAILABLE)
  • DO NOT USE DRUGS AND/OR ALCOHOL PRIOR TO HANDLING WEAPONS
classroom safety
CLASSROOM SAFETY
  • DON’T POINT RIFLE AT SELF OR OTHERS
  • HANDLE RIFLE WHEN INSTRUCTED TO
  • NO HORSEPLAY
  • STAY WITH THE INSTRUCTOR
  • ASK QUESTIONS IF YOU DON’T UNDERSTAND
cwde firing techniques12
CWDE FIRING TECHNIQUES
  • CHECK MASK FOR SERVICEABILITY
  • FILTER ON CORRECT SIDE OF MASK
  • YOU MUST HAVE A GOOD MASK AND HAVE A PROPER SEAL WHEN FIRING
  • MUST WEAR LINERS AND GLOVES
  • VISION IS NOT IMPAIRED
cwde firing techniques cont
CWDE FIRING TECHNIQUES (CONT)
  • CANT RIFLE OR HEAD
  • ADJUST TO FIRE ACCURATELY WITH TILTED SIGHT ALIGNMENT
  • BULLETS MAY STRIKE LOW - COMPENSATE ACCORDINGLY
  • ALL SHOOTING FUNDAMENTALS STILL APPLY
rapid fire
RAPID FIRE
  • ENGAGING MULTIPLE TARGETS QUICKLY AND ACCURATELY
  • PROVIDE SUPPRESSIVE FIRE
  • ALL MARKSMANSHIP FUNDAMENTALS STILL APPLY
  • MAGAZINE CHANGES DONE QUICKLY
  • TACTICAL SITUATION WILL ULTIMATELY DETERMINE THE RATE OF FIRE NEEDED
rates of fire
RATES OF FIRE
  • SUSTAINED - WELL AIMED DELIBERATE SHOTS EVERY 3 - 10 SECONDS
  • RAPID - LARGE VOLUME OF ACCURATE FIRE TO THE TARGET AREA, 1 SHOT EVERY 1 - 2 SECONDS
  • AUTOMATIC - USED TO GAIN INITIAL FIRE SUPERIORITY OR TO ENGAGE MULTIPLE TARGETS AT CLOSE RANGE - ALSO WHEN DELIVERING AS MANY SHOTS AS POSSIBLE IN THE SHORTEST TIME OUTWEIGHS THE IMPORTANCE OF WELL AIMED FIRE AND AMMO CONSERVATION
rapid fire19
RAPID FIRE
  • SOME DEGREE OF ACCURACY WILL BE SACRIFICED FOR SPEED
  • WITH PRACTICE BOTH ACCURACY AND SPEED WILL INCREASE
  • IF MORE THAN ONE SHOOTER IS DELIVERING SUPPRESSIVE FIRE, ALTERNATE MAGAZINE CHANGES
automatic fire
AUTOMATIC FIRE
  • EACH SHOT FIRED MUST COUNT TOWARD ITS INTENDED PURPOSE - TO KILL THE ENEMY
  • AIMING - ALL FUNDAMENTALS STILL APPLY
  • FIRST SHOT WILL ARRIVE AT EXACT AIMING POINT - THE REST DEPEND ON FOLLOW THROUGH
  • STEADY HOLD AND POSITION
  • USE OF SLING AND SUPPORT
steady hold
STEADY HOLD
  • USE SUPPORT OF SANDBAGS OR BIPOD WHEN POSSIBLE
  • GRIP - HOLD WEAPON FIRMLY
  • USING THE SLING LOOP, PULL RIFLE TIGHT INTO SHOULDER
use automatic fire when
USE AUTOMATIC FIRE WHEN:
  • IF YOU NEED IT, USE IT
  • AMMO CONSUMPTION IS NOT A FACTOR
  • ENGAGING CLOSELY SPACED MULTIPLE TARGETS AT 50 METERS OR LESS
  • MAXIMUM SUPPRESSIVE FIRE IS NEEDED IN THE TARGET AREA
  • TRACERS CAN BE USED TO DETERMINE THE EFFECT OF BULLETS ON THE TARGET AREA
  • STABLE SUPPORT IS AVAILABLE
  • INITIAL SOUND OF AUTO FIRE WILL AID IN DISRUPTING AND DISPERSING CLOSELY SPACED ENEMY TARGETS
stoppages malfunctions
STOPPAGES & MALFUNCTIONS

STOPPAGE - ANY INTERRUPTION IN THE CYCLE OF OPERATION. A STOPPAGE MAY OR MAY NOT BE CAUSED BY THE WEAPON FUNCTIONING IMPROPERLY

MALFUNCTION - A FAILURE OF THE WEAPON TO FUNCTION PROPERLY. A MALFUNCTION CANUSUALLY BE PINPOINTED TO SPECIFIC PART BREAKAGE OR EXCESSIVE WEAR

immediate action
IMMEDIATE ACTION

THE UNHESITATING ACTIONS TAKEN BY THE SHOOTER WHEN A STOPPAGE OCCURS. THIS ACTION IS TAKEN WITHOUT TAKING THE TIME TO INVESTIGATE THE CAUSE

immediate action steps
IMMEDIATE ACTION STEPS
  • (S)LAP - FIRMLY THE BASE OF THE MAGAZINE
  • (P)ULL - CHARGING HANDLE TO THE REAR
  • (O)BSERVE - EJECTION PORT
  • (R)ELEASE - CHARGING HANDLE
  • (T)AP - FORWARD ASSIST
  • (S)QUEEZE - SQUEEZE THE TRIGGER

S P O R T S

rifle marksmanship fundamentals30
RIFLE MARKSMANSHIP FUNDAMENTALS
  • STEADY POSITION
  • STEADY HOLD
  • SIGHT ALIGNMENT
  • SIGHT PICTURE
  • BREATH CONTROL
  • TRIGGER CONTROL
summary
SUMMARY
  • CLASSROOM PROCEDURES
  • WEAPON SAFETY
  • CLASSROOM SAFETY
  • CWDE (GAS MASK ) FIRING
  • FUNDAMENTALS OF RAPID AND AUTOMATIC FIRING
  • STOPPAGES, MALFUNCTIONS & IMMEDIATE ACTION PROCEDURES
  • MARKSMANSHIP FUNDAMENTALS
night operations
NIGHT OPERATIONS
  • LOADING, FIRING, RELOADING, CLEARING, CORRECTING STOPPAGES AND MAINTAINING EQUIPMENT, MUST BE ACCOMPLISHED
  • YOU MUST ALSO FEEL AND HEAR THE ABOVE OPERATIONS AT NIGHT
target detection
TARGET DETECTION
  • THE ABILITY TO DETECT ENEMY TARGETS BY ANY MEANS AVAILABLE
  • MUZZLE FLASH
  • FLASHLIGHTS
  • LIT CIGARETTE
  • SHADOWS AND MOVEMENT
night vision
NIGHT VISION
  • ADAPTATION TO THE DARK VARIES -- 30 - 45 MINUTES DEPENDING ON PERSON
  • ANY AMOUNT OF ANY COLOR OF LIGHT WILL DEGRADE NIGHT VISION
off center vision
OFF-CENTER VISION
  • DO NOT TRY TO FOCUS ON TARGET DIRECTLY
  • LOOK OFF TO ONE SIDE OR SLIGHTLY ABOVE OR BELOW YOUR TARGET
  • MOST EFFECTIVE TO AIM AT BASE OF TARGET
    • NATURAL TENDENCY TO SHOOT HIGH
    • ANY SHOT LOW ON TARGET IS BETTER THAN A SHOT THAT IS HIGH AND A MISS
scanning
SCANNING
  • THE SHORT, ABRUPT, IRREGULAR MOVEMENT OF YOUR EYES AROUND AN OBJECT OR AREA
  • SUCCESSFUL TARGET ENGAGEMENT AT NIGHT REQUIRES ACCURATE AND WELL PRACTICED POINTING TECHNIQUES
  • NATURAL TENDENCY IS TO POINT AND SHOOT HIGH
  • PRACTICE IS REQUIRED - TRUST TRACERS
night vision devices47
NIGHT VISION DEVICES

AN/PVS4

AN/PVS7-D

AN/PAQ4

an pvs 7b night vision goggles49
AN/PVS-7BNIGHT VISION GOGGLES
  • MOST COMMONLY USED AT NIGHT IN A DEFENSIVE FIGHTING POSITION, OR WHILE PATROLLING
  • UNLESS USED WITH THE ANPAQ4, OR LALPS, YOU MUST USE POINTING TECHNIQUE TO ENGAGE TARGETS
an pvs 4 night vision scope
AN/PVS-4NIGHT VISION SCOPE
  • WEIGHT - 3.5 LBS
  • EFFECTIVE RANGES
    • 600 METERS IN MOONLIGHT
    • 400 METERS IN STARLIGHT

ENSURE THE M16 - M203 - M79 RETICLE IS INSTALLED

an paq 4 night aiming device
AN/PAQ-4NIGHT AIMING DEVICE
  • INFARED - SEEN ONLY WITH NVD’S
  • MOUNTS ALONG SIDE OF RIFLE CARRYING HANDLE
  • RANGE - 150 METERS
laser aiming light projection system lalps
LASER AIMING LIGHT PROJECTION SYSTEM(LALPS)
  • INFARED - SEEN ONLY WITH NVD’S
  • MOUNTS TO LOWER M16A1/A2 HANDGUARD
  • RANGE - 150 METERS
  • HAS IR AND VISIBLE ILLUMINATION CAPABILITY
  • HAS CONSTANT ON AND MOMENTARY SWITCH
  • LASER POWERED BY 3 “AAA” BATTERIES
  • ILLUMINATION POWERED BY A RECHARGEABLE NICAD STICK OR 3 “C” BATTERIES
phase 1 zero

Phase I: Battle Sight Zero and Grouping

1. Back up iron sight

Prone Supported

3(3-rd mag)

N/A

25M

Zero

2. Back up iron sight

Prone Supported

3(3-rd mag)

N/A

25M

Zero

3. Back up iron sight

Prone Supported

3(3-rd mag)

N/A

25M

Zero

4. M68(M4 only)

Prone Supported

3(3-rd mag)

N/A

25M

Zero

5. M68 (M4 only)

Prone Supported

3(3-rd mag)

N/A

25M

Zero

6. M68(M4 only)

Prone Supported

3(3-rd mag)

N/A

25M

Zero

18 Rounds for Phase

PHASE 1: ZERO
phase 2 day rapid

Phase II: Day Burst (Standards: Qualify, 2 hits on each target)

1. Teaching/

practice

Prone Supported

12 (2, 6-rd mag)

N/A

25M

PRAC

2. Evaluation

Prone Supported

12 (2, 6-rd mag)

40

SEC

25M

PRAC

24 Total Rounds for Phase II

PHASE 2: DAY RAPID
phase 3 cwde

Phase III: CWDE (Standards: Qualify, 4 of 6 targets hit)

1.

Teaching/

practice

Prone Supported

6(1,6-rd mag)

N/A

25

PRAC

2. Evaluation

Prone Supported

6(1,6-rd mag)

45 SEC

25

PRAC

12 Total Rounds for Phase III

PHASE 3: CWDE
phase 4 weak hand

Phase IV: Weak Hand Firing (Standard: Qualify, 3 of 6 targets hit)

1. Teaching/

practice

Prone Supported

6(1,6-rd mag)

N/A

25M

PRAC

2. Evaluation

Prone Supported

6(1,6-rd mag)

45

SEC

25M

PRAC

12 Total Rounds for Phase IV

PHASE 4: WEAK HAND
phase 5 day rapid qual

Phase V: Day Rapid Fire Evaluation (Standards: Qualify 18 hits, Expert 25 hits) Iron Sights Only

1. Evaluation

Prone Unsupport

10 (4, 3, 3-rd mags)

70

SEC

25M

QUAL

2. Evaluation

Kneeling Barricade

10 (4, 3, 3-rd mags)

70

SEC

25M

QUAL

3. Evaluation

Over-Barricade

10 (4, 3, 3-rd mags)

80

SEC

25M

QUAL

30 Total Rounds for Phase V

PHASE 5: DAY RAPID QUAL
phase 6 quick reaction

Phase VI: Quick Reaction Drills (Qualify, 7 hits on target)

1. Teaching/

practice

Standing

10 (1-10-round mag)

N/A

25M

E

(M9)

2. Evaluation

Standing

10 (1-10-round mag)

3, 3, 4 secs

25M

E

(M9)

20 Total Rounds for Phase VI

PHASE 6: QUICK REACTION
phase 7 night semi fire

Phase VII: Night Semiautomatic Fire (Standards: Qualify, 5 hits on target)

1. Teaching/

practice

Standing

6(1,6-rd mag)

N/A

25M

E

(M9)

2. Evaluation

Standing

6(1,6-rd mag)

20

SEC

25M

E

(M9)

12 Total Rounds for Phase VII

PHASE 7: NIGHT SEMI FIRE
phase 8 night burst fire

Phase VIII: Night Burst Fire (Standards: Qualify, 4 hits on target)

1. Teaching/

practice

Over Barricade

6(1,6-rd mag)

N/A

25M

E

(M9)

2. Evaluation

Over Barricade

6(1,6-rd mag)

30

SEC

25M

E

(M9)

12 Total Rounds Phase VIII

PHASE 8: NIGHT BURST FIRE
phase 9 night vision devices

Phase IX: Night Vision Devices (See 1.14.10) (Standards: Qualify, 7 hits on target)

1. Teaching

Kneeling Barricade

10 (1-10-rd mag)

N/A

25M

E

(M9)

2. Evaluation

Kneeling Barricade

10 (1-10-rd mag)

20

SEC

25M

E

(M9)

20 Total Rounds for Phase IX

160 Total Rounds for Course

PHASE 9: NIGHT VISION DEVICES
summary69
SUMMARY
  • NIGHT OPERATIONS
  • TARGET DETECTION
  • PRINCIPALS OF NIGHT VISION
  • TARGET ENGAGEMENT AT NIGHT
  • COURSE OF FIRE
42d security forces squadron70
42d Security Forces Squadron

Combat Arms Section

Maxwell Air Force Base

Alabama