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What are Climate Services and What Will They Look Like?. Art DeGaetano Director NOAA Northeast Regional Climate Center Dept. of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences Cornell University, Ithaca, NY . 2008 AMS Summer Community Meeting. PRODUCTS AND TOOLS ARE THE FRUITS OF CLIMATE SERVICES.

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Art DeGaetano Director NOAA Northeast Regional Climate Center


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slide1

What are Climate Services and What Will They Look Like?

Art DeGaetano

Director NOAA Northeast Regional Climate Center

Dept. of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

Cornell University, Ithaca, NY

2008 AMS Summer Community Meeting

slide2

PRODUCTS AND TOOLS ARE THE FRUITS OF CLIMATE SERVICES

DATA ARE AT THE CORE OF CLIMATE SERVICES

CLIMATE SERVICES BRANCH TO REGIONAL AND LOCAL LEVELS

CLIMATE SERVICES MUST

BE ROOTED IN USERS

slide3

Growing the Climate Services tree requires a team ….

Particularly if it is to bear high-quality fruit

slide4

The way a team plays as a whole determines its success.  You may have the greatest bunch of individual stars in the world, but if they don't play together, the club won't be worth a dime. 

~Babe Ruth

users the roots
Users…The Roots
  • “Big Industry”
      • Agribusiness, Investment Banking, Insurance, etc.
  • Consultants
      • Agricultural, Meteorological, Engineering, etc.
  • Media
      • The Weather Channel, local stations, press, etc
  • “User groups”
      • NY Grape Foundation, ASHRAE, NE Nordic Ski Assoc, etc.
  • Government
      • Federal, State, Local, International
  • Others
slide6

It’s 10:00.

Do you know

where your

users are?

data the trunk
Data … The Trunk
  • Data are at the Core of Climate Service
  • Encompass all temporal scales
      • Historical, real time, “weather” forecast, seasonal forecast, projection
  • Variety of spatial scales
      • Section 3 of vineyard 2 through global
  • Quality,Quality, Quality
  • Consistency
      • Must speak with one voice
      • Federal versus state/private
collecting and providing timely high quality data should one of the roles of the federal government
Collecting and providing timely, high-quality data should one of the roles of the federal government
bringing climate services to the local level the branches
Bringing Climate Services to the Local level….The Branches
  • Numerous players
      • Federal: RCCs, RISAs, NCDC, NWS, CPC,etc.
      • State: AASC, Cooperative Extension, Sea Grant
      • Private Industry
  • TRUST
  • Data to Products and Tools
      • These are the fruit and leaves that the branches bear
slide10

Among NOAA’s team roles at the regional and local level is to be the coach.

The other players fill unique roles

noaa regional climate centers

Regional HUBS for user-centric climate services; provision of synchronized and integrated data resources;development of climate tools; applications research; and education that provide a regional focus to addressing societal needs.

NOAA Regional Climate Centers

slide12

RCC Functions

  • Contractual obligations

data systems, user service and monitoring

  • Near-real time relational database system,

web-based information resources.

  • Infrastructure capabilities grow from user and partner

interests and needs.

  • Efficiency and robustness, yet able to be nimble
    • Program versus individual centers
  • Leverage infrastructure to support applied research
arsco
ARSCO

To satisfy the current and growng needs for climate services, climatological expertise must be readily available at the LOCAL LEVEL. ARSCOs have the best understanding of the climate of their state, and the ability and knowledge to provide climate information to users.

arscos
ARSCOs
  • Infrastructure
    • connect to data archives at NCDC, RCCs.
    • Multiple dissemination pathways,websites
  • Services
    • provide data and information to users, both printed and on-line
  • Research
    • relationships between climate and human activities that impact their state
  • Outreach
    • evaluate the needs of users as required. Educate state citizens people of their states on current and emerging climate issues
  • Awareness
    • promote its program as well as regional and national programs
  • Media Contacts
    • cultivate print and broadcast media contacts
  • Monitoring and Impact Assessments
    • monitor current climate conditions, evaluate potential future

impacts and place events in historical perspective

regional integrated sciences and assessments
Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments

RISAs support RESEARCH that addresses complex climate sensitive issues of concern to decision-makers and policy planners at regional levels.

government partners
Government Partners
  • NOAA
    • Local/Regional Forecast Offices
    • NEDIS, NWS OAR, CPC, GFDL etc.
  • Other Federal Agencies
    • USDA, BLM, NPS, etc.
  • NASA, NSF
    • Data, research dollars, models etc.
  • National Drought Mitigation Center
  • State Government
slide19

Our collective vision for National Climate Services should build on existing partnerships. Our goal should be to excel in our positions, but to play as a part of the team.

slide20

Fire Season Stations in AZ from the Western RCC

Partnering in Data

Regional Data Network from the High Plains RCC

slide21

Partnering with SCs

Hybrid Coop/CoCoRaHS Precip

Maps

slide22

Partnering with NWS

  • xmACIS(NWS Field Office Use)
  • Applied Climate Information System
  • Data query tool for NWS local climate
  • research/local product development,
  • and to answer customer climate record
  • inquiries
  • Complete historical climate database
  • with near real-time update
  • NOWData (Public Use)
  • Self-service tool
  • Subset of xmACIS
  • Free, limited access
  • Current year and Normals
  • Portal for ACIS and
  • NCDC information

http://www.weather.gov/climate/xmacis.php?wfo=btv

slide23

Partnering with NWS/NCDC/Private Industry

  • ThreadEx(Open Use)
      • Consistent daily temperature and precipitation extremes

http://threadex.rcc-acis.org/

Likely to be a several different sites

slide24

Partnering with NWS/NCDC

  • Datzilla(Partner Use)
      • Data discrepancy reporting
      • 400 registered NOAA users
slide25

Partnering with NWS/NCDC

  • WxCoder III(COOP Use)
      • Internet observation entry system
partnering with federal agencies
Partnering with Federal Agencies
  • AgACIS (Custom NRCS data and products)
slide27

Partners with RISAs

Map

Navigation

Tools

GIS Tools

Metadata

partnering in applied research
Partnering in Applied Research

Trend Identification in Twentieth-Century U.S. Snowfall: The Challenges Kenneth E. Kunkel,  Michael A. Palecki,  Kenneth G. Hubbard,  David A. Robinson,  Kelly T. Redmond, and David R. Easterling Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology

SERVICES: A Modern Applied Climate Information System

Kenneth G. Hubbard,  Arthur T. DeGaetano, and Kevin D. Robbins Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Winter Orographic Precipitation Ratios in the Sierra Nevada—Large-Scale Atmospheric Circulations and Hydrologic Consequences Michael Dettinger,  Kelly Redmond, and Daniel Cayan Journal of Hydrometeorology

RCC – ARCSO - NCDC

RCC - RCC

RISA - RCC

slide29

Some thoughts for continued growth and improvement that may capture and nourish the ideas, energy, talent and commitment of the AMS ……

slide30

Data will remain at the core of climate services

  • Historical climate data essential but not sufficient
      • Past to present to future
      • Expand thinking beyond climate …. ecological, social and economic data
  • Data encompass more than observations
      • Quality, quantity, scale, uncertainty
  • Climate to weather and back again
      • Decisions do not obey arbitrary time bounds
  • Decision Support instead of raw values
slide31

NWS LCD

DY MAX MIN AVG PPT ===================

1 53 36 45 0.08

2 39 31 35 0.00

3 49 35 42 0.00

4 57 44 51 0.03

5 57 50 54 0.95

6 56 41 49 0.28

7 43 32 38 0.13

8 44 30 37 0.15

9 34 28 31 0.05

10 29 21 25 0.02

Enhanced integration and consistency among datasets

Non-NOAA Web

CLIMOD : Daily Data Month: Jan 2007

Day  Max  Min Avg Prec 1 53 36 45 0.08

2 39 31 35 0.00

3 49 35 42 0.00

4 57 44 51 0.03

5 57 50 54 0.95

6 56 41 49 0.28

7 43 32 38 0.13

8 44 30 37 0.15

9 34 28 31 0.05

10 29 21 25 0.02

2007  01 01 53 36 44.5 0.08

2007  01 02 39 31 35 0.00

2007  01 03 49 35 42 0.00

2007  01 04 57 44 50.5 0.02 2007  01 05 57 50 53.5 0.95

2007  01 06 56 41 48.50.29

2007  01 07 43 32 37.5 0.13

2007  01 08 44 30 37 0.15

2007  01 09 34 28 31 0.05

2007 01 10 29 2225.5T

slide35

On the forefront of climate to decision making

  • Build upon acquired stakeholder trust
      • Trust the team not a particular player
  • Shared information, tools and solutions
      • Funding will continue to be at a premium
  • Proactive, evolutionary approach
      • Grounded in tried and true methods
    • Understand changing hazards, consequences, adaptations and assets
      • challenges and opportunities
slide36

Potential for expansion to go from climate to weather and back again!

Potential utility for climate change impact assessment on ground and estuary water quality

what are climate services and what will they look like
What are Climate Services and What Will They Look Like?
  • The Vail Principals
      • Promote variety of societal benefits /range of users
      • Address full range of time and space scales
      • Climate system information
        • Integrate climate with societal challenges (climate lens)
      • Problem based assessments for better decisions
      • Ensure accessibility of data/information
      • Active use engagement and interaction
      • Cascade of roles … National, agency, university, private