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Essential Question : - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Essential Question : I will create a chart that identifies the characteristics of the political systems that we have learned so far. Warm-Up Question : Questions on slides 3 and 4. After the river valley era, a number of classical civilizations developed in the Mediterranean and in Asia.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
Essential Question:
    • I will create a chart that identifies the characteristics of the political systems that we have learned so far.
  • Warm-Up Question:
    • Questions on slides 3 and 4.
slide2

After the river valley era, a number of classical civilizations developed in the Mediterranean and in Asia

The first major classical civilization was ancient Greece

Classic cultures created high levels of achievement in art, science, & technology that impacted future ages

slide3
Impact of Geography on Greece:Identify 1 geographic feature & propose how it might impact the culture of Greece
slide4
Impact of Geography on Greece:Identify 1 geographic feature & propose how it might impact the culture of Greece
slide5
Greece’s lack of natural resources & location on the Mediterranean Sea encouraged Greek trade with neighboring societies
slide6
Mountains covered about 75% of Greece which divided the people & made unifying the Greek people nearly impossible
slide7
The Greeks developed independent city-states, called polis, within each valley & its surrounding mountains
greek culture
Greek Culture
  • Despite their lack of unity, the Greeks shared some common characteristics:
    • Greeks shared the same language
    • Greek writing was influenced by the Phoenician alphabet & became the basis for Latin
slide9

Greeks were polytheistic & believed that the gods were immortal but had human qualities; Religion became the basis for Greek mythology

  • ZeusKing of the gods
  • AthenaGoddess of wisdom
  • AphroditeGoddess of love
  • Apollo God of sun & music
  • Ares God of war
  • HadesGod of underworld
  • HeraGoddess of family
  • PoseidonGod of the seas
slide10

Most Greek city-states had an agora that was the center for trade & government

City-states had an acropolis, a temple on a hill dedicated to a sacred god

slide11

Differences Among Greek City-States

Despite similar language & religion, the Greek polis were very different from each other, especially how they were governed
slide12

Differences Among Greek City-States

Some polis had a monarchy, a gov’t ruled by a king

slide13

Differences Among Greek City-States

Some polis had an aristocracy, a gov’t ruled by elite nobles

Practiced in Corinth

slide14

Differences Among Greek City-States

Some polis like Sparta had an oligarchy, a gov’t ruled by a small group of citizens

slide15

Differences Among Greek City-States

Some polis like Athens had a direct democracy, a gov’t ruled by citizens who vote on decisions

the greek city states athens sparta represented the differences among polis
The Greek city-states Athens & Sparta represented the differences among polis
  • Athenian society focused on wealth & culture:
    • Athens had a direct democracy in which both rich & poor citizens could vote & hold public office
athenian society focused on wealth culture
Athenian society focused on wealth & culture

Architects built the Parthenon to honor the goddess Athena

athenian society focused on wealth culture1
Athenian society focused on wealth & culture

Theater had both comedies & tragedies

Artists created realistic sculptures

athenian society focused on wealth culture2
Athenian society focused on wealth & culture

Philosophers Socrates, Plato, & Aristotle questioned assumptions & the use of logic to find answers to questions

the greek city states athens sparta represented the differences among polis1
The Greek city-states Athens & Sparta represented the differences among polis
  • Spartan society focused on military strength, not freedom & learning
    • Spartan men served in the military until 60 years old
    • Boys began military training at age 7
    • Women ran family estates while men trained or fought
slide22

Athens & Sparta competed for influence in Greece & developed a strong rivalry that eventually led to the Peloponnesian War

Sparta defeated Athens, but the war weakened the Greeks

closure activity
Closure Activity
  • Create this chart on a separate sheet of paper.

**We have not learned the items in red yet**