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Methods and Materials for Culturally Linguistic Diverse students with Exceptionalities. By Jose Urena, Brenda Goings, Sylvia Lee & Leticia Valencia. Language Demographics. 1990. 2000. 1990. 2000. Theories and Practices in our Educational System today:. Culture Assessments

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methods and materials for culturally linguistic diverse students with exceptionalities

Methods and Materials for Culturally Linguistic Diverse students with Exceptionalities

By Jose Urena, Brenda Goings,

Sylvia Lee & Leticia Valencia

educational perspectives
The “Melting Pot”

Maintain status-quo

A Dominant society

Assimilation

The “Stew”

Equal opportunity

An Intercultural society

Unique parts-as a whole

“Educational Perspectives”
testing standardized vs authentic
Culturally and Socially biased

Diminishes self-concept and creates anxiety

Limited sampling abilities

Subject to error

Compares individuals to a norm population

various tools

Raises student’s achievement and personal expectations

Multiple areas of competency

Direct observation of performance

Enhances student’s individual strengths

TESTINGStandardized vs. Authentic
culture monocultural vs multicultural
One Model

One language

Limits knowledge

Discriminates

Creates a barrier for success

Cultural equity

Affirms identity

Unlimited knowledge

Embraces diversity

Builds bridges between communities

CULTUREMonocultural vs. Multicultural
teaching methods linguistic vs multiple styles
One form of instruction

Analytical approach

Handicaps individual learning

Individual work

Paper/Pencil tasks

Offers learning best suited to the student

Variety of strategies

Develops individual talents

Promotes collaboration

Reflective practice

TEACHING METHODSLinguistic vs. Multiple styles
the educational stew perspective
The Educational “Stew” perspective:
  • Allows us to focus both on the differences in the ingredients while at the same time the beauty as a whole.
  • A good stew does not have a bunch of components that look, taste or have the same texture.
  • The success of the stew depends not only on its looks but also on a lot of other factors including the taste, the freshness of the ingredients, the texture and the mixture itself.
reading methods
Reading Methods
  • No single reading method will be effective for all students
  • The application of a variety of methods is extremely important
  • Teachers should appropriately modify or combine methods in order to meet individual needs
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Students with learning disabilities should be provided with sound strategic approaches that empower them as readers, rather than be allowed to learn and internalize incorrect practices
selecting the appropriate method
Selecting the Appropriate Method

Students who need to work on reading mechanics frequently respond to explicitly taught code-emphasis developmental reading methods such as phonic, linguistic or multisensory approaches.

slide24
Some effective reading approaches are:
  • Phonics approach
  • Linguistic method
  • Multisensory approach
  • Neorological Impress Technique
  • Language Experience approach
  • Reading comprehension support
writing
Writing
  • Teachers must model writing strategies.
  • Teachers should exposed students to a wide variety of children’s literature with the goal of developing a feel for the rhythm and pattern of language that (they) will transfer to their writing.
  • Students must have opportunities to write
  • They must understand their own personal word banks in order to use them and write them
writing approaches
Writing Approaches
  • Modeled Writing
  • Interactive Writing
  • Guided Writing
  • Share Writing
  • Independent Writing
  • On-demand Writing
esl teaching techniques
ESL Teaching Techniques

Some effective methods to assist second language learners are:

  • Total Physical Response
  • Preview-Review
  • Audio Lingual Method
  • Direct Method
  • Content-based, Task-based, and Participatory Approaches
references
References
  • Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching by Diane Larsen Freeman
  • Write Up A Storm by Wilda Storm
  • Lesson Plans and Activities to Increase Writing Proficiency by Wilda Storm
  • Classroom Management Strategies by Cangelosis, J.S.
  • http://www.2edc.org/NCIP/library/vi/swenson.htm
  • Teaching Expressive Writing
  • http://ericec.org/digests/e590.html
  • Strategies for composition and self-Regulation in the Writing process
  • http://1idonline.org/1d-indepth/writing/harris-writing.htm1
  • Reading methods
  • http://www.1donline.org/1d-idepth/reading/reading-methods.html
  • The Strategic Spelling Skills of students with LD
  • http://www.1donline.org/1d-indeprh/reading/strategiec-spelling-skills.html
  • A Working Definition of Multicultural Education by Paul Gorski (2000)
  • One Gorilla by Atsuko Morozumi
  • Five Little Monkeys Jumping on the Bed by Cristeloq Eileen
  • Pocket Charts for Math by Scholastic Grade k-2
  • Sight Word Games by Scholastic grades K-2
  • Shoebox Centers by Evan Moor grades k-3