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National Weather Service Southern Region Headquarters. Michael A. Mach All-Hazards Radio Program Manager & Dissemination Meteorologist . Emerging Generation of Receivers. Extended ID3 Structure Emergency Alert Services AMBER Homeland Security Image and graphical transfer capabilities.

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national weather service southern region headquarters

National Weather ServiceSouthern Region Headquarters

Michael A. Mach

All-Hazards Radio

Program Manager &

Dissemination Meteorologist

slide3

Emerging Generation of Receivers

  • Extended ID3 Structure
  • Emergency Alert Services
    • AMBER
    • Homeland Security
  • Image and graphical transfer capabilities
nwr receiver types
NWR Receiver Types

SAME based – bursts of digital code

- Specifies message originator

- Indicates type of hazards message

- states geographical area

Warning Alarm Tone

- 1050 Hz tone

all hazards radio delivered by a variety of wireless devices and receivers
All-Hazards Radio Delivered ByA Variety of WirelessDevices and Receivers

Smart Phones

  • Automotive
  • Devices
  • Radios
  • GPS Units
  • Telematics

eTablets

PDAs

spanish nwr in el paso tx
Spanish NWR in El Paso, TX

FPUS54 KEPZ 011052 LOC

ZFPSPN

PRODUCTO DEL PRONÓSTICO POR ZONAS FOR

SOUTHWEST-SOUTHCENTRAL NM-FAR WEST TEXAS SERVICIO

NACIONAL METEOROLÓGGICO DE EL PASO TX/SANTA TERESA NM

350 AM MST MARTES 1 DE MARZO 2005

TXZ055-020400-

EL PASO-INCLUYENDO EL MUNICIPIO DE...EL PASO

350 AM MST MARTES 1 DE MARZO 2005.

HOY...MAYORMENTE SOLEADO. MÁXIMAS ALREDEDOR DE 69 GRADOS. LOS VIENTOS

DEL SUROESTE 10 A 15 MILLAS POR HORA Y CAMBIARÁN DE PUESTO AL EL

NOROESTE EN LA TARDE. .ESTA NOCHE...MAYORMENTE DESPEJADO. LAS

MÍNIMASALREDEDOR DE 35 GRADOS. LOS VIENTOS DEL OESTEALREDEDOR DE

10 MILLAS POR HORA EN EL ATARDECERY ESTARÁN LEVES Y VARIABLE.

.MIÉRCOLES...NUBOSIDAD CRECIENTE. LAS MÁXIMASALREDEDOR DE 70. EL VIENTO

LEVE Y VARIABLE QUESOPLARÁ DEL NOROESTE ALREDEDOR DE 10 MILLAS POR

HORA EN LA TARDE.

all hazards radio
All Hazards Radio
  • Federal, State and Local Civil Emergency Messages affecting populace
  • Nuclear, Chemical, Biological, Terrorist threats, Wildfire, Amber Alerts, etc.
  • Initiated/Authenticated at State/Local levels
  • All-Hazards Radio - input to EAS for mass public dissemination
slide10

Evacuations Immediate - EVI

U.S. 1, Florida Keys

Howard Franklin Bridge, Pinellas County Florida

non weather related emergency messages
Non-Weather Related Emergency Messages

1.    Administrative Message (ADR) 2.    Avalanche Watch (AVA) 3.    Avalanche Warning (AVW) 4.    Child Abduction Emergency (CAE) 5.    Civil Danger Warning (CDW) 6.    Civil Emergency Message (CEM) 7.    Earthquake Warning (EQW) 8.    Evacuation Immediate (EVI) 9.    Fire Warning (FRW) 10.  Hazardous Materials Warning (HMW) 11.  Law Enforcement Warning (LEW) 12.  Local Area Emergency (LAE) 13.  Network Message Notification (NMN) 14.  Nuclear Power Plant Warning (NUW) 15.  Radiological Hazard Warning (RHW) 16.  Shelter in Place Warning (SPW) 17.  911 Telephone Outage Emergency (TOE) 18.  Volcano Warning (VOW)

NWS Website on EAS codes and Definitions:

http://weather.gov/os/eas_codes.shtml

http://www.nws.noaa.gov/directives/010/pd01005018c.pdf

slide15
CEM GENERIC EXAMPLE

Product FormatDescription of Entry

WOUS44 KOKC 291715 (WMO Heading)

CEMOKC (AWIPS ID)

OKC013-019-021-029-031-053-055-091-291815- (UGC: C & Product expiration time)

BULLETIN - EAS ACTIVATION REQUESTED (MND Broadcast Instruction)

CIVIL EMERGENCY MESSAGE (Product name or MND)

OKLAHOMA DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT (Requesting Agency)

RELAYED BY NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE NORMAN, OK (NWS Issuing Office)

1115 AM CST WED JAN 29 2003 (Issuance time/date)

. . .TRAIN DERAILMENT (Headline - Optional)

THE FOLLOWING MESSAGE IS TRANSMITTED AT THE REQUEST (Information Source)

OF THE OKLAHOMA DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT.

[Remainder of text]

$$ (UGC Delimiter)

MACH (Optional)

slide16

NWR is an input to the FCC’s Emergency

Alert System.

National Warning System that provides the President with the capability to address the nation during an emergency.

FCC mandates all radio, TV, and cable systems have EAS equipment, monitor 2 EAS sources (NWR is one), and carry Presidential messages.

EAS broadcasters voluntarily interrupt

normal programming and/or place a “crawl” or icon near the edge of the TV.

SECC’s and LECC’s establish guidelines for non-weather emergency messages (Child Abduction Emergency – CAE).

EAS uses digital codes, identical to NWR

SAME protocol, to identify key elements

of a message to relay through radio, TV,

and cable stations.

future nwr expansion
Future NWR Expansion

Budget Considerations

  • Identify a course of action that will best serve the public, maintain the integrity of the existing NWR network, and eliminate the future prospect of NWR budget deficits
  • Maintain good standing with the community and those with whom we have previously entered into agreements.
future nwr expansion24
FutureNWR Expansion

NWS Coverage Goals

  • Full Coverage of High Risk Areas
  • 95 Percent of State Population Coverage

NWR Expansion - O&M Costs

  • Requires Annual O&M Budget Growth $250K
  • Deficit will grow to $2.25M by FY09
dissemination issues challenges
Dissemination Issues / Challenges
  • NWR: Terrestrial Circuits are Expensive and Problematic
  • CRS: Soon to be Obsolete, Expensive to Replace in Current Form
  • NWWS: Above Normal Costs to NWS and End Users

Only 13 of 122 NWS Sites Equipped

  • Homeland Security / EMs: Need Access to Address One or

Multiple NWR Sites

  • AWIPS: Costly Dial Back Up that Will Not Work During a Terrestrial

Cable Cut

22

national weather service southern region headquarters30

National Weather ServiceSouthern Region Headquarters

Michael A. Mach

All-Hazards Radio

Program Manager &

Dissemination Meteorologist