Accessibility Standardization of Information and Communications Technology in Japan April 11, 2005
Contents 1. Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) for Accessibility 2. JIS X8341-1: Common Guidelines 3. JIS X8341-2: Information Processing Equipment 4. JIS X8341-3: Web Content 5. Next Steps in JIS for Accessibility 6. JIS X8341-4: Telecommunication equipment 7. JIS X8341-5: Office equipment Annex 1. Other Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) for Accessibility 2. Other JBMIA industrial standards and Technical Reports(TR) for Accessibility 3. Nov. 2004, Proposal to ITU-T for telecommunications equipment and services for Accessibility
1. Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) for Accessibility Tiers of Standards ISO/IEC Guide 71 JIS X8071:2003 Guidelines for standards developers to address the needs of older persons and persons with disabilities (1) Basic standard (Guide 71) JIS X8341-1: 2004 Guidelines for older persons and persons with disabilities - information and communications equipment, software and services - Part1:Common Guidelines (2) Group standard (IT Sector Guide) (3) Specific standards JIS X8341-2: 2004 Information Processing Equipment JIS X8341-3: 2004 Web ContentsJIS X8341-4: 2005 Telecommunication equipment JIS X8341-5: 2005 Digital copying machines, multi-function devices and printers X 8341-2 X 8341-4 X 8341-3 X 8341-5
2. JIS X8341-1:Common Guidelines • Established in May 2004 • General principle for the information accessibility • standard • Terms of reference common to specific products • in the ICT area • Basic functions of individual product ensure • information accessibility • Covers respective stages in the product life cycle
2. JIS X8341-1:Common Guidelines Basic requirements a) Can be operated and used even if visual information is missing. b) Can be operated and used even if auditory information is missing. c) Can be operated and used if speech is difficult. d) Can be operated and used regardless of differences in physique. e) Can be operated and used regardless of differences in muscular strength and/or control power. f) Can be operated and used by persons with impaired lower limbs. g) Can be operated and used by wheelchair users. h) Can be operated and used with only one hand, either left or right. i) Can be operated and used by individuals who have limited motion of hands, fingers, or artificial limbs. Recommended considerations a) Consider product operation and use that does not impose excessive burden on ability of cognition and memory. b) Consider product operation and use irrespective of differences in culture and/or languages. c) Consider product operation and use by novices/new users.
2. JIS X8341-1:Common Guidelines Proposal to ISO ・ Approved as NP at TC159SC4 (Ergonomics of human-system interaction) in July 2004 ・ Project editor: Dr. Hajime Yamada ( Japan ) Co-editor : Dr. Jim Carter ( Canada ) ・ First meeting was held at Tokyo in Dec. 2004. ・ To be ISO 9241-20 “Ergonomics of human-system interaction — Part 20: Accessibility guidelines for information communication equipment and services: General guidelines”
3. JIS X8341-2:Information Processing Equipment • Established in June 2004 • For information processing equipment • (PCs and related devices ) • Arrangement of descriptions for ease of understanding by • designers • All items described are mandatory as a general rule • Implementers may identify applicable items according to • the class or specifications of the product
3. JIS X8341-2:Information Processing Equipment Requirements for Systems Input and Output 6.2 Acoustic Information (Output) • 6.2.3 Display of Acoustic Status • Important acoustic output information shall be presented in a form other than the auditory medium • 6.4 Keys and Buttons (Input) • 6.4.4 Setting Function of Input Fixing Condition • with Keys, Switches and Buttons • Systems should be set by users with a time lapse between the time when the key, button or switch is activated and the time when input is perceived.
4. JIS X8341-3: Web Content • Established in June 2004 • For web content • Description of problems for users, proposition of response • by implementers • Accumulation of domestic/overseas rules • Japanese computer vendors • Advanced local governments • WCAG1.0(W3C) • US Rehabilitation Acts • Japanese Specific Issues • (Pronunciation of kanji, notation of ruby）
4. JIS X8341-3: Web Content As to non-textual information such as moving pictures, alternate information may be supplied by means of captions or explanation of the situation Movie Caption Figure 4-1 Example of caption described with SMIL (SynchronizedMultimedia Integration Language)
4. JIS X8341-3: Web Content Information needed to understand or work upon the web content should not be given only with colors Figure 4-2 Example in which items are hard to distinguish only from differences in color Figure 4-3 Example in which items are easy to distinguish because a line is drawn to the caption
5. Next Steps in JIS for Accessibility Communication equipment: Phone, Fax, etc. • Communications and Information Network Association of Japan （CIAJhttp://www.ciaj.or.jp/e.htm) • Guidelines for older persons and persons with disabilities - Telecommunication equipment JIS X8341-4 In 2005 Office equipment: Copiers, Printers • Japan Business Machines & Information Systems Industries Association（JBMIAhttp://www.jbmia.or.jp/english/index.htm) • JBMS-73-2004 Guidelines for older persons and persons with disabilities – digital copying machines, multi-function devices and printers JIS X8341-5 The future objects (not planned) • Software • Electric household appliances for information
6. JIS X8341-4: Telecommunication equipment • Basic Concept • Principles of Accessibility of Telecommunications Equipment for Persons with Disabilities – Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications (Oct, 1998) • Guidelines • Accessibility Guidelines for Telecommunications Equipment for Persons with Disabilities – Telecommunications Access Council (July, 2000) • Telecommunications Accessibility Guidelines for Older Persons and Persons with Disabilities – Information-Communications Access Council (May, 2004) http://www.ciaj.or.jp/e/about/activities.htm Nov. 2004, CIAJ proposed to the Study Group 16, ITU-T Approved by the last SG16 meeting
6. JIS X8341-4: Telecommunication equipment • Communication equipment Example SANYO Electric Co., Ltd Bone Conduction Telephone Amber color back light liquid crystal Tone adjustment Telephone call speed adjustment Volume adjustment Large one touch dial Source： Communication and Information network Association of Japan
7. JIS X8341-5: Office equipment • JBMIA issued “Accessibility design guideline ver.1.0” for • office equipment in June 2000 in Japan. • This guideline takes into account the Section 508 of the rehabilitation act and JBMS-73-2004 is based on it. • Committee draft for JIS X8341-5 “Guidelines for older persons and persons with disabilities- information communication equipment and services Part 5: Office equipment” which is based on JBMS-73-2004 has been publicly opened in January 2005.
7. JIS X8341-5: Office equipmentCases of assistive technology for visually impaired persons • 4.2 Basic requirements • a) Shall be operable even if it is • hard to get visual information • 5.4 Requirements for control panel • a-3) Control panel display should be able • to enlarge font size and adjust contrast. Fig. 7-1 RUI Fig. 7-3 Display enlargement Blind user also can operate copier machine via PC connected by network with assistive technology like screen readers. Larger buttons and larger texts can be displayed when display enlargement function is selected. Fig. 7-2 Tactically discernable keys Fig. 7-4 Display inversion Braille is put in near each key. LCD(liquid crystal display) can be used with inverted if display is glaring.
7. JIS X8341-5: Office equipmentCases of assistive technology for wheel chair users • 4.2 Basic requirements • g) Shall be operable by wheel chair users Fig.7-6 ADF(Automatic Document Feeder) handle Fig.7-5 Tilt structure of control panel The handle reduces the difficulty in opening and closing ADF. Especially it helps wheelchair users. The angle of control panel can be tilted and wheelchair users easily access to it. Fig.7-7 Separated scanner Fig.7-8 Dual control panels Machine has 2 control panels and wheelchair users can operate easily. Scanner part can be separately set on a table. 図3 スキャナー分離
Annex : 1. Other Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) for Accessibility (1) ●JISS0013Guidelines for the elderly and people with disabilities - Auditory signals on consumer products ●JISS0014Guidelines for the elderly and people with disabilities - Auditory signals on consumer products - Sound pressure levels of signals for the elderly and in noisy conditions ●JISS0022 Guidelines for all people including elderly and people with disabilities - Packaging and receptacles - Test methods for opening ●JISS0031Guidelines for the elderly and people with disabilities - Visual signs and displays - Specification of age -related relative luminance and its use in assessment of light ●JISS0032Guidelines for the elderly and people with disabilities - Visual signs and displays - Estimation of minimum legible size for a Japanese single character ●JIST0901Guidelines of electronic guide system using audible signage for visually impaired persons
Annex : 1. Other Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) for Accessibility (2) ●JISS0023Guidelines for designing of clothes in consideration of the elderly people ●JISS0024Guidelines for older persons and persons with disables - Housing equipments ●JISS0025Guidelines for all people including elderly and people with disabilities -Packaging and receptacles -Tactile warnings of danger-Requirements ●JIST9251Dimensions and patterns of raised parts of tactile ground surface indicators for blind persons http://www.jisc.go.jp/eng/index.html selling JIS on JSA Web Sore http://www.webstore.jsa.or.jp/webstore/JIS/SearchEn.jsp?lang=en
Annex : 2. Other JBMIA industrial standards and Technical Reports(TR) for Accessibility • ● JBMS-71-2002Auditory signal (English version available) • ● JBMS-73-2004Guidelines for older persons and persons with • disabilities-copier, multi-function machine and page printer • ● JBMIA-TR-7-2004Operable zone of the office equipment for • wheel chair users-recommended dimensions • ● JBMIA-TR-8-2004Operable zone of the office equipment • for wheel chair -technique of calculation
Annex : 3. Nov. 2004, Proposal to ITU-T for telecommunications equipment and services for Accessibility Proposed contents • Scope • Definitions • General principles • Common requirements • Requirements for specific areas
Annex : 3. Nov. 2004, Proposal to ITU-T for telecommunications equipment and services for Accessibility Items to be discussed (1) – Scope and Definitions • Scope • Scope for which the guidelines apply • Definitions • Definitions of several terminology used in the guidelines
Annex : 3. Nov. 2004, Proposal to ITU-T for telecommunications equipment and services for Accessibility Items to be discussed (2) – General principles • Basic policies • Basic policies for the planning, development, design and distribution processes to enhance telecommunications accessibility • Basic requirements • Basic requirements for telecommunications equipment and services to provide telecommunications accessibility
Annex : 3. Nov. 2004, Proposal to ITU-T for telecommunications equipment and services for Accessibility Items to be discussed (3) – Common requirements • Common requirements • Common requirements in the planning, development and design process to enhance telecommunications accessibility • It includes Operation, Language and Terminology, Safety, Security, Content protection, and Environmental considerations
Annex : 3. Nov. 2004, Proposal to ITU-T for telecommunications equipment and services for Accessibility Items to be discussed (4) – Requirements for specific areas • Telecommunications equipment • General/ Fixed-line telephones/ Facsimile machines/ Mobile telephones/ Video phones • Telecommunications services • Ex) Media conversion/ Multimedia communications/ Standardization and disclosure of specs • Planning, development, design and evaluation • Ex) Introduction of users’ view and suggestion • User support • Ex) User manuals / Customer support centers