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Rope Rescue

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  1. Rope Rescue NS Mayport Fire and Emergency Services

  2. References

  3. NFPA 1670 • Outlines requirements for Technical Rescue Incidents • Identifies the operating levels of rescue. • Awareness • Operations • Technician

  4. Awareness Level • Minimum requirement • Ability to: • Do size up • Identify resources • Implement emergency response and ICS • Use PPE • Recognize Hazards of Rope Rescue

  5. Operations Level • Awareness Level • Implement: • Rope based mechanical advantage systems • Edge Protection • Single and Multiple point Anchoring Systems

  6. Operations Level cont... • Use Belay Systems • Construct lowering and raising systems • Tie Knots • Assure Safety • Package patient • Maintain ropes and equipment • Ascend and Descend a fixed rope

  7. Technician Level • Operations Level • Know Procedures for: • Load distributing anchor systems • High-line rope system • Use in High-angle environment • Pass Knots Through System • Use litter Attendants in High -angle rescue

  8. Rope • Two types of rope used in the fire service • Utility rope • Life Safety Rope

  9. Utility Rope • No fire standard applies • Hoisting and securing objects only • NOT TO BE USED FOR RESCUE OF VICTIMS

  10. Life Safety Rope • NFPA 1983 • Two classes • One person • 300 LBS • 4500LBF • 1 1/8” - 1 1/2”

  11. Life Safety Rope • Two Person • 600 LBS • 9000 LBF • 1 1/2” - 2 1/4”

  12. Life Safety Rope • Only type to be used for RESCUE • Should Not be used for UTILITY ROPE

  13. Rope Construction • Laid- • Twisted or laid bundle of strands around each other • Can stretch • Can spiral it untwisted under load.

  14. Laid Rope

  15. Rope Construction • Solid Braid- • No Core • Unacceptable as Rescue Rope • Used only for Utility rope

  16. Rope Construction • Kernmantle- • High strength inner core (kern) • Outer sheath (mantle) • Kern is the load bearing element

  17. Kernmantle • Dynamic Kernmantle • Load absorbing ability • Twisted or Laid inner core allows some stretch

  18. Kernmantle • Static Kernmantle • Little stretch • High abrasion resistance • Excellent Rescue Rope

  19. Kernmantle • Almost all rescue rope made of DuPont Nylon • Block and Creel construction means- • No Knots in fibers, and • Never been used fibers

  20. Kernmantle

  21. Rope Care and Inspection • Inspect before and after use • Inspect for- • Visual damage • Loose Mantle • Kinks • Store away from sunlight, heat and chemicals • Wash and air dry

  22. Rope Do’s and Don’ts • Use the rope for it’s intended purpose • Always use edge protection • Proper rappelling techniques • No • Fast rappels • Bounding • Swinging

  23. Rope Do’s and Don’ts • Never step on a rope • and, Again, • Never use a rope for anything other then it’s intended purpose

  24. Webbing • Used to construct anchor points • 1-2” sizes • 1” most common has a breaking strength of 4000 LBS • If use for body contact must have 6000 LBS breaking strength

  25. Flat webbing • Single layer of fabric • Hard to tie knots in • Mainly used for straps and harnesses

  26. Tubular Webbing • Easy to tie knots • Edge stitched • Spiral weave • All webbing should be inspected as rope • Wash in cold water and air dry

  27. Harnesses • Class I • Around waist and thighs • One person escape only

  28. Class I

  29. Harnesses • Class II • Fastened as Class I • Load differences can be determined by label • Used for rappelling and victim pick-off

  30. Class II

  31. Harnesses • Class III • Fastened around waist, thighs and shoulders • Shoulder harness either integrated or assembled • Best in Confined Space but also for High-angle rescue

  32. Class III

  33. Harnesses • Improvised • Rescue Knot • Swiss seat • Swiss seat with shoulder harness

  34. Belts • Not for rescue • Only locking in ladders, high work, etc..

  35. Hardware • Carabiners • “D” shaped best for rescue • Always use locking gate • Load vertically at spine • ** IF A CARABINER IS DROPPED FROM WAIST HIEGHT OR HIGHER, TAKE IT OUT OF SERVICE

  36. Carabiners Steel Carabiners Aluminum Carabiners

  37. Hardware • Rescue ring • Used with multidirectional loads • Anchor Plates • Braking devices also used as anchor points

  38. Hardware Rescue Ring Rigging Plate

  39. Ascenders • Allows climbing of fixed ropes • Will not stop a fall • Use as intended • Two types • Cam (Gibbs) • Handle

  40. Ascenders Gibbs Ascender

  41. Descending devices • Rappelling devices • Figure 8’s • Rappel racks

  42. Figure 8 Various Styles of Figure 8’s

  43. Descenders Bar Rack Descender

  44. Pulleys • For hoisting and Mechanical Advantage Systems • Raising and lowering • Single or double sheaves • Edge Rollers • Hose Rollers

  45. Pulleys

  46. Edge Rollers Rack Edge Roller Pulley Edge Roller