Ap world history review period 1 technological and environmental transformations
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AP World History Review Period 1: Technological and Environmental Transformations. Bill Strickland East Grand Rapids High School East Grand Rapids, MI [email protected] Period 1 Key Concepts. 1.1 Big Geography & the Peopling of the Earth

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Ap world history review period 1 technological and environmental transformations

AP World History ReviewPeriod 1: Technological and Environmental Transformations

Bill Strickland

East Grand Rapids High School

East Grand Rapids, MI

[email protected]


Period 1 key concepts
Period 1 Key Concepts

1.1 Big Geography & the Peopling of the Earth

1.2 The Neolithic Revolution & Early Agricultural Societies

1.3 The Development and Interactions of Early Agricultural, Pastoral, and Urban Societies

Bill Strickland [email protected]


Period 1 key concepts1
Period 1 Key Concepts

  • Big Geography & the Peopling of the Earth

    • During the Paleolithic Era (pre-10,000 BCE) hunter-gatherers gradually migrated from East Africa to Eurasia, Australia and the Americas, adapting their technology and cultures.

Bill Strickland [email protected]


Key concepts in question form
Key Concepts (In Question Form)

  • Big Geography & the Peopling of the Earth

    • What is the evidence that explains the earliest history of humans and the planet?

    • How is this evidence interpreted?

    • Where did humans first appear on Earth, and what were the characteristics of their society, religion, technology, economy and culture?

    • How did the earliest humans procure enough supplies to survive?

Bill Strickland [email protected]


Q what is the evidence that explains the earliest history of humans and the planet
Q: What is the evidence that explainsthe earliest history of humans and the planet?

  • “Out of Africa” migrations Theory based on Archeological Evidence

Bill Strickland [email protected]


Q how is this evidence interpreted
Q: How is this evidence interpreted?

  • Archaeological Evidence: “Lucy”

Louis & Mary Leakey

“Lucy” skeleton

Footprints in Olduvai Gorge, eastern Africa

Richard Leakey, 1979

Bill Strickland [email protected]


Q what were the characteristics of early humans
Q: What were thecharacteristics of early humans’ …

  • Society?

    • Little if any social classes

      • no possessions to distinguish rich/poor, powerful/weak

    • Egalitarian (equal but not identical work & value of both genders’ contributions)

      • Men probably hunted, women foraged/gathered.

    • Small bands/communities (30-50 people)

  • How do we know this?

    • Comparison to modern hunter-gatherer societies

Bill Strickland [email protected]


Q what were the characteristics of early humans1
Q: What were thecharacteristics of early humans’ …

  • Culture?

    • Art – cave painting

    • Religion – most likely animistic

    • Architecture – simple

    • Tools – stone, wood, but no wheel until several millennia later

    • Technology – Fire (post-8,000 BCE)

Bill Strickland [email protected]


Q what were the characteristics of early humans2
Q: What were thecharacteristics of early humans’ …

  • Religion?

    • Most likely animistic.

Bill Strickland [email protected]


Q what were the characteristics of early humans3
Q: What were thecharacteristics of early humans’ …

  • Technology?

    • Stone Tools/Weapons

      • Specially adapted to different environments. (What works in the tropics won’t in the tundra!)

Bill Strickland [email protected]


Q what were the characteristics of early humans4
Q: What were thecharacteristics of early humans’ …

  • Technology?

    • Stone Tools/Weapons (no wheel yet!)

    • Fire

      • Useful in slash & burn agriculture

      • Protection against animals

      • Keeping warm in cold climates

      • Food

Bill Strickland [email protected]


Q what were the characteristics of early humans5
Q: What were thecharacteristics of early humans’ …

  • Economy?

    • Small kinship groups of 30-50 people.

      • Some were self-sufficient

    • Trade, including …

      • People

      • Ideas

      • Goods

    • Very limited range of contact w/ other groups

Bill Strickland [email protected]


1 3 the development interactions of agricultural pastoral and urban societies
1.3 The Development & Interactions of Agricultural, Pastoral, and Urban Societies

  • What are the characteristics of a “civilization?” (or “complex society”)

    • Cities, Social structure?

    • Religious beliefs & practices?

    • Political structure?

    • Economic activity?

Bill Strickland [email protected]


Which of these are a civilization
Which of these are a “civilization”? Pastoral, and Urban Societies

Bill Strickland [email protected]


Q by 600 bce what were the characteristics of ancient humans
Q: By 600 Pastoral, and Urban SocietiesBCE,what were thecharacteristics of ancient humans’ …

  • Society

    • Elites (military, religious, political) present in most/all civilizations.

    • Most political rulers claimed some kind of divinity or divine support, supported by the religious hierarchy & professional warriors.

      • Zhou Dynasty’s “Mandate of Heaven”

      • Mesopotamia’s Epic of Gilgamesh

      • India’s Lawbook of Manu

      • Popul Vuh in the Americas

Bill Strickland [email protected]


Resources for additional info
Resources for Additional Info Pastoral, and Urban Societies

  • John Green’s “Crash Course” videos.

Bill Strickland [email protected]


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