SOLAR TRACKING SYSTEM. A Project Report submitted In ID1035 INDEPENDENT PROJECT PROJECT CO-ORDINATER Dr. Kiran K Khuchi. 1. THE SOLAR OPTION.
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A Project Report submitted
In ID1035 INDEPENDENT PROJECT
Dr. Kiran K Khuchi
Solar energy is a very large, inexhaustible source of energy. The power from the sun intercepted by the earth is approximately 1.8*1011MW, which is many thousands of times larger than the present consumption rate on the earth of all commercial energy sources.
Solar energy could supply all the present and future energy needs of the world on a continuing basis. This makes it one of the most promising of the unconventional energy sources.
Solar energy has two other factors in the favor.
Firstly, unlike fossil fuels and nuclear power, it is environmentally clean source of energy.
Secondly, it is free and available in adequate quantities in almost all parts of the world where people live. Also it has no heavy mechanical section and is free from noise.
However, there are many problems associated with its use, the main problem is that it is dilute source of energy. Even in the hottest regions on the earth, the solar radiations flux available rarely exceeds 1 KW/m, which is a low value for technological utilization.
The aim of our projects is to utilize the maximum solar energy through solar panel. For this a digital based automatic sun tracking system is proposed. This project helps the solar power generating equipment to get the maximum sunlight automatically thereby increasing the efficiency of the system. The solar panel tracks the sun from east to west automatically for maximum intensity of light.
The aim of our project is to utilize the maximum solar energy through solar panel . For this a Digital based automatic sun tracking system is proposed. This project helps the solar power generating equipment to get the maximum sunlight automatically thereby increasing the efficiency of the system. The solar panel tracks the sun from east to west automatically for maximum intensity of light.
To fabricate a DC motor control interfaced with driver circuit
To fabricate a DC motor control interfaced with driver circuit.
To construct a model prototype solar cell movement system with a
mechanical assemble to move the panel from 180⁰ E to W.
To design an electronic circuit to sense the intensity of light and to control
DC motor driver for the panel movement.
To construct an emergency light inverter circuit i.e. to operate tube light
with the help of charged battery from the solar panel
1.Sunrise "Wake- Up
The Track Rack begins the day facing west. As the morning sun rises in the east, it heats the unshaded west-side canister with both.
The Track Rack moved by the shifting
weight of liquid flowing from one side
of the tracker to the other through a
copper tube that connects the east and
direct and reflected rays (from the inter surface of the "shadow plate") forcing liquid into the shaded east-side cannister.
As the sun moves, the Track
Rack follows (at approximately
15o per hour, continually
seeking equilibrium as liquid
moves from one side of the
The Track Rack completes its daily
cycle facing west. It remains in this
position overnight until it is
"awakened" by the rising sun the
tracker to the other.
Vikas Kumar Yadav[CH12B1027]