Introduction, Body, and Conclusion. Chapter Four The Third Step in Essay Writing. Step Three: Organize and Connect the Specific Evidence. Organize and connect your supporting material by using: common methods of organization effective transitions other connecting words.
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The Third Step in Essay Writing
Also referred to as “chronological order”
Details are listed as they occur intime. Firstthisis done; nextthis;thenthis; after that,this; and so on.
Example:To exercise successfully, you should follow a simple plan consisting of arranging the time, making preparations, and warming up properly.
Also referred to as “saving the best for last”
Emphasisis placed on the most important detailby positioning it near the endof a paragraph or an essay.
Transitionssignal thedirectionof a writer’s thoughts. They are likeroad signsthat guide travelers.
Transitional, orlinking, sentencesare used between paragraphs to help tie them smoothly together.
Repeating key words helps tie together the flow of thoughts in a paper.
Example: One reason for studying psychology is [. . .]. Psychology is also useful in [. . .].
Pronouns (he, she, it, you, they, this, that, and others) connect ideas and help you avoid needless repetition.
Example: Another way for people to economize at an amusement park is to bring their own food. If they pack a lunch, they will avoid high prices.
Synonymsare words that are alike in meaning, like pretty and attractive. They can be used to help writing flow. (They also add variety and interest to your sentences.)
Example:There are several methods of fund-raising [. . .]. One technique is to hold an auction [. . .].
A well-developed introduction, conclusion, and title can also help organize and connect your essay…
Titles are brief summaries of what your paper is about.
Examples: How to Complain; Student Zombies
Note: You should not underline or put “quotation marks” around the title, but you should CAPITALIZE all but small connecting words.