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George Washington Carver By Carly Herring 2005
Early Life • Born in 1864, in Diamond, Missouri. • Not much known about childhood because mother was a slave.
Early Life Cont. • As a young man was too weak to work on farm, but was good with plants, and became known as the “Plant Doctor”.
Early Life Cont. • Wanted to learn how to read and write, but blacks weren’t educated at local schools, so went out of town to learn. • Was over 20 years old when he graduated from high school.
Colleges and College Life • Was accepted to Highland College in 1885, but was then told they didn’t accept “his kind”.
College Life Cont. • Attended Simpson College and was recommended to study Botany at Iowa Agriculture College, where he went the following year.
College Life Cont. • His Bachelor’s Degree thesis was, “Plants as Modified by Man”. This described positive aspects of interbreeding. • Received his Masters Degree in 1896.
After College • Was invited to become Director of Agriculture at Tuskegee Institute, with Booker T. Washington. Washington established institute in 1880’s as a Agricultural Schools for Blacks.
After College Cont. • At Tuskegee, Carver: headed the Agriculture Department, assisted local farmers, and set up a “Moving School” that traveled to teach farmers agricultural methods.
After College Cont. • Goal was to make farmers stop growing cotton, which was depleting the soil, and to grow peanuts, vegetables, and soybeans instead.
After College Cont. • Learned about new ways of alternative farming methods, by analyzing water, feed, and soil.
After College Cont. • Discovered peanuts were most important resource, because it could restore nitrogen to the exhausted land.
Awards and Honors • US 1,522,176 cosmetics and producing the same. January 6th, 1925 • US 1,541,478 paint and stain and producing the same. June 9th, 1925
Awards and Honors Cont. • US 1,632,365 producing paints and stains. June 14th, 1927 • 1923-Spingarn Medal- given annually by NAAC • 1928-Honorary doctorate from Simpson College
Awards and Honors Cont. • 1939- Roosevelt Medal for restoring Southern Agriculture • July 14th, 1943- President Roosevelt dedicated monument to his accomplishments.
Products Developed • Adhesives, bleach, buttermilk, cheese, cream, chili sauce, dyes, flour, ink, instant coffee, linoleum, paper, mayonnaise, rubbing oils,...
Products Developed Cont. • ...soil conditioner, shampoo, shoe polish, shaving cream, sugar, synthetic marble, synthetic rubber, wood stains, wood filler.
Never Patented Products • He said he would never patent his products because he wanted others to benefit from them. • He would say, “God gave them to me, how can I sell them to someone else?”
Brief Facts • Was on the postage stamp in 1947 and 1998. • Was on the 50 cent coin in 1951. • Made more than 100 products from sweet potatoes.
Brief Facts Cont. • Made more than 325 products from peanuts. • By 1938- peanuts became $200 million industry and was the chief product of Alabama.
After Death • Died on January 5th, 1943 • On July 14th, 1943- President Roosevelt honored him by dedicating a national monument to his accomplishments.
After Death Cont. • Monument is in Diamond Grove, Missouri, Carver’s hometown.
After Death Cont. • On his gravestone was written: “He could have added fortune to fame, but caring for neither, he found happiness and honor in being helpful to the world.”
Bibliography • Ament, Phil. 1997-2005. Troy, MI. <ideafinder.com> • Bellis, Mary. 2005 About Inc. <inventors.about.com> • Carwell, Hattie. Blacks in Science. Hicksville, NY. Exposition Press, 1977.
Bibliography Cont. • Lomask, Milton. Inventions and Technology:Great Lives. 1991, New York, Simon & Schuster Children's Publishing Division. • Saari, Peggy. Scientists The Lives and Works of 150 Scientists. 1996, US, UXL.
All About Me! • Hey! My name is Carly Herring and I am in 7th Grade at Hanes Middle School. I play oboe in the band and also take art. I am an only child and have a rabbit and a cat.
All About Me Cont. • I also take dance at “In Motion” for five hours a week. I live in Kernersville and will be going to East Forsyth for high school. I also LOVE Palm Trees!!!