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EARLY AMERICAN PRESIDENTS. George Washington. 1789-1797 No Political Party VP – John Adams. George Washington. Was not a Politician Relied on His Cabinet for Help. Alexander Hamilton. Secretary of Treasury Raised taxes to cover debt from Revolutionary War

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george washington
George Washington
  • 1789-1797
  • No Political Party
  • VP – John Adams
george washington1
George Washington
  • Was not a Politician
  • Relied on His Cabinet for Help
alexander hamilton
Alexander Hamilton
  • Secretary of Treasury
    • Raised taxes to cover debt from Revolutionary War
    • Created 1st National Bank to hold all tax money
alexander hamilton1
Alexander Hamilton
  • Secretary of Treasury
    • The bank upset those who feared a strong national gov’t (Anti-Federalists)
jay s treaty
Jay’s Treaty
  • Allowed Great Britain to keep some military forts in US in NW territories
  • First time Americans became upset with George Washington
political parties

Political Parties

Began to emerge during Washington’s Presidency

john adams
John Adams
  • 1797 – 1801
  • Federalist
  • VP – Thomas Jefferson
john adams1
John Adams
  • XYZ Affair
    • America refused to bribe French officials to stop piracy of US Ships
john adams2
John Adams
  • Alien &Sedition Act
    • illegal to criticize gov’t officials w/o proof
    • Upset Dem-Rep cause violated First Amendment
thomas jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
  • 1801-1809
  • Democratic– Republican
  • Aaron Burr, George Clinton
thomas jefferson1
Thomas Jefferson
  • Election of 1800
    • First Peaceful Transfer of Power
  • TJ’s Goal
    • Reduce the role and size of federal government
thomas jefferson2
Thomas Jefferson
  • Embargo Act
    • Eliminated trade with foreign countries in Europe due to piracy (robberies)
supreme court
Supreme Court
  • Under Jefferson, Supreme Court sought to establish its power in the new gov’t
thomas jefferson3
Thomas Jefferson
  • Marbury vs. Madison
    • Established Judicial Review for all court cases in US
supreme court1
Supreme Court
  • Chief Justice John Marshall
  • 1st Chief Justice
  • Wanted to make judicial branch stronger
supreme court2
Supreme Court
  • McCullough vs Maryland
    • Reaffirmed national gov’t power over states
    • Illegal for state to sue national govt
james madison
James Madison
  • 1809-1817
  • Democratic-Republican
  • Eldridge Gary
war of 1812
War of 1812
  • 1812-1814
  • US and Great Britain fought for freedom of the sea over Britain’s help for Native Americans
war of 18121
War of 1812
  • Extremely unpopular war on both sides
treaty of ghent
Treaty of Ghent
  • Officially ended War
  • Neutral victory
  • America gained Oregon Territory
  • Americans began to move into FL (Spanish Territory)
james monroe
James Monroe
  • 1817 – 1825
  • National Republican
  • VP - Daniel Tompkins
james monroe1
James Monroe
  • Wanted Europe to stay out of US Affairs
  • Created a rise in Nationalism in America
james monroe2
James Monroe
  • Adams-Onis Treaty
    • US acquired the Florida Territory from Spain
monroe doctrine
Monroe Doctrine
  • Created to keep Europe out of the affairs of America
  • It had four major provisions (essential Knowledge)
monroe doctrine1
  • The American continents should not be considered for future colonization by any European powers.
  • Nations in the Western Hemisphere were inherently different from those of Europe, republics by nature rather than monarchies.
monroe doctrine2
  • The United States would regard as a threat to its own peace and safety any attempt by European powers to impose their system on any independent state in the Western Hemisphere.
  • The United States would not interfere in European affairs.
presidential newspaper
Presidential Newspaper
  • Title
  • Political Cartoon
  • Editorial (3 paragraphs)
    • Opinionated letter about how the President is doing his job
  • 2 articles concerning events from the President
  • Make your paper a Federalist or Democratic Republican Paper
presidents paper p o v
Presidents/Paper P.O.V.
  • George Washington – Democratic Republican
  • John Adams – Federalists
  • Thomas Jefferson – Federalists
  • James Madison – Democratic Republican
  • James Monroe – Democratic Republican