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The National Health Service. The Welfare State. We will learn: What happened before the NHS was created The 5 stages leading to the creation of the NHS in 1948 What was the NHS designed to do Why were some people against the NHS being formed

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Presentation Transcript
the national health service2
We will learn:

What happened before the NHS was created

The 5 stages leading to the creation of the NHS in 1948

What was the NHS designed to do

Why were some people against the NHS being formed

Remember, there is a high chance that this will be a question on paper 2!

It could also appear on paper 1!

The National Health Service
towards the welfare state
Towards the welfare state
  • Before 1948 all health care was the responsibility of private individuals to pay for the care they received.
    • Some paid into insurance schemes
  • Charities and churches did often help with the costs
    • but somebody had to pay for medicines or treatments received.
  • Government did pay medical costs for the military!
5 stages towards the nhs
5 Stages towards the NHS
  • Pre World War I
    • 1911 National Health Insurance Scheme introduced by a reforming Liberal government
      • Workers were forced to contribute to a special fund that would help pay if they got sick or were unable to work.
        • Although only available to workers!
        • Not their wives or children!
5 stages towards the nhs5
5 Stages towards the NHS
  • World War One
    • The government had to massively expand hospitals and medical care for the millions of soldiers mobilised
    • Soldiers were promised a “Country fit for heroes” to thank them for their sacrifice
      • However, there was little money spare after the costs of war were accounted for.
    • But, women were given the vote in 1918
5 stages towards the nhs6
5 Stages towards the NHS
  • Inter War Years
    • The development of the Labour Movement
      • Socialist ideology wanted to help working class people.
      • It believed in sharing out the resources of the country in an equitable way
    • The Labour party gradually gathered in strength throughout the 1920s and 1930s
    • The Great Depression of the 1930s showed how vulnerable the poor could be.
5 stages towards the nhs7
5 Stages towards the NHS
  • World War 2
    • Blitz brought the casualties to the civilian population
      • Not just soldiers getting injured this time around.
    • Coalition government of Labour, Liberals and Conservatives all working together for victory.
      • 1942 Beveridge Report
        • Britain would benefit from a “Cradle to Grave” social security system
          • Healthy citizens would be needed to rebuild Britain after the war.
          • The report was popular with soldiers fighting and the civilians at home.
5 stages towards the nhs8
5 Stages towards the NHS
  • Post World War 2
    • Labour Party elected with a huge majority in 1945
      • Socialist ideology
    • 1946, they proposed creating a National Health Service available to all paid for through national taxation.
    • July 5th 1948 the NHS is created!
what does the nhs actually do
Hospital service

Priority for medical emergencies

Paramedic service

Medicines made available by prescription

Dental services

Family doctor Service

Ante-Natal services

Post-Natal services

Vaccinations & Immunisations


Mental Health facilities

Training of doctors and nurses

Conducts research


Health Education

Health warnings

Family Planning

What does the NHS actually do?
opposition to the nhs
Opposition to the NHS

Who was against the NHS being set up in 1948?

opposition to the nhs15
Opposition to the NHS
  • Who was against the NHS being set up in 1948?
    • Opposition tended to come from the right – ie Conservatives who believed that the free market was the best way of allocating resources. They were mostly worried about the cost
    • Many GPs and doctors were also against he idea of standardised contracts (BMA)
    • Local authorities were not keen to lose control over local health provision.
  • Bevan conceded generous contracts to win over the BMA.
what kills people today
What kills people today?
  • What were the biggest killers a century ago?
  • What are the two biggest killers of the modern era?
    • How come these two are so serious now compared to 80 years ago?
      • Page 170
public health in the 20 th century20
Public Health in the 20th Century
  • Improved Housing
    • Use page 176 to explain how social housing was improved by the government throughout the 20th century
  • Clean Air Act 1956
    • What was this for? What did it do?
      • Page 177
factors to consider




Luck / Chance


Science and Technology


Create a spider diagram for each of the factors. Think of examples of each factor has influenced medicine and health (positively and negatively)

Factors to consider
factor 1 government
Factor 1: Government
  • How have governments influenced health through the ages? p188
  • Give examples of governments who have become involved in health matters.
  • Give examples of governments who have tried not to get involved in health matters.
  • What methods have governments used to change medicine and health.
  • How important have governments been in improving medicine and health?
factor 2 religion
Factor 2: Religion
  • Give 5 examples of how religion has affected medicine
    • Are these examples of change or of conservatism
  • In which periods was religion particularly important
    • Give exampless
  • Has religion done more to cause change or to promote continuity?
  • How important has religion been in the history of medicine?
factor 3 war
Factor 3: War
  • Give 5 examples of how warfare has influenced medicine?
  • Give examples of warfare promoting new ideas in medicine
  • Which civilisations were particularly concerned with the health of its soldiers?