Infectious disease chapter 28 lessons 1 3 group 9
1 / 36

Infectious Disease Chapter 28 Lessons 1-3 Group 9 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Infectious Disease Chapter 28 Lessons 1-3 Group 9. By: Doug Pokorny, Ashley Trammell, Joseph Javier, Jacqueline Smith, Ryan Johnson. Who we are Presenting to. Age : 6 th Grade Students Sex : Equal boys and girls

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Infectious Disease Chapter 28 Lessons 1-3 Group 9' - brinda

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Infectious disease chapter 28 lessons 1 3 group 9 l.jpg

Infectious Disease Chapter 28 Lessons 1-3Group 9

By: Doug Pokorny, Ashley Trammell, Joseph Javier, Jacqueline Smith, Ryan Johnson

Who we are presenting to l.jpg
Who we are Presenting to

Age: 6th Grade Students

Sex: Equal boys and girls

Socioeconomic status: Primarily white middle class with other students from mixed backgrounds

Objectives l.jpg

  • Define infectious disease

  • How are infectious diseases spread?

  • How does your body fight disease?

  • Immunization

  • Common infectious diseases

  • Common sense

You will be able to l.jpg
You will be able to…

  • Define the term infectious disease

  • List 3 common modes of disease transmission

  • Recognize situations in which disease transmission is likely to occur

You will be able to5 l.jpg
You will be able to…

  • Name 1 way to help keep your immune system response high

  • List 2 differences between active and passive immunization

  • List 2 differences between nonspecific and specific resistance.

Why we are here l.jpg
Why we are here

Infectious disease is something that everyone comes in contact with.

We need to know how to protect ourselves and those around us!

What is an infectious disease l.jpg
What is an infectious disease?

An infectious disease is a disease caused by organisms that enter and multiply within the human body

What is an infectious disease8 l.jpg
What is an infectious disease?

  • These microorganisms are also known as pathogens

  • pathogens are bacteria, viruses, rickettsias, protozoans, and fungi

  • They are so small, you can not see them with the naked eye

How infectious diseases spread l.jpg
How infectious diseases spread

Direct and Indirect methods from:

  • humans to humans

  • animals to humans

  • plants to humans

Human to human l.jpg





Mother to unborn baby


Touching something that is infected

Drinking after someone with an infectious disease

Human to Human

Animal to human l.jpg


Eating animals

Bugs biting you

Getting scratched by an animal

Getting Stung


Petting animals then touching your mucous membrane

Drinking water after an infectious animal

Animal to Human

Plant to animal l.jpg
Plant to Animal

  • Eating unwashed fruits and vegetables

  • Touching fruits then putting your fingers in your eyes or mouth

Ways to avoid spreading disease l.jpg
Ways To Avoid Spreading Disease

  • Wash You Hands a lot

  • Cover your mouth with a tissue when you sneeze or cough

  • Don’t let people drink after you

  • Keep your fluids to yourself

Ways to avoid catching an infectious disease l.jpg
Ways To Avoid Catching An Infectious Disease

  • Wash your hands

  • Protect yourself against bugs

  • Wash fruits and vegetables before you eat them

  • Do not drink or eat after anyone

  • Don’t eat undercooked meat or eggs

Your body l.jpg
Your Body

How does your body fight off infectious disease?

Your Immune System!

Immune response l.jpg
Immune Response

  • Nonspecific Resistance

    • External-skin & mucous membranes

    • Internal-inflammation, interferon, natural killer cells,

Immune response18 l.jpg
Immune Response

  • Specific Resistance

    • Lymphocytes

      • Memory Cells

      • Effector Cells

      • B-Cells

      • Antibodies

Immune response19 l.jpg
Immune Response

  • Specific Resistance

    • Cell Immunity

      • T-Cells

      • Helper T-Cell Activation

      • Cytotoxic T-Cell Activation

Taking care of your immune system l.jpg
Taking Care of Your Immune System

  • Good Nutrition

    • Wash food

    • Refrigerate foods that spoil

    • Take Vitamins

    • Eat healthy

  • Immunization

Immunization l.jpg

  • What is Immunization?

    • Help for the body’s defense system

  • There are 2 types

    • Passive

    • Active

Passive immunization l.jpg
Passive Immunization

  • Immediate protection

  • Short lived

  • Blood with antibodies taken from host

Active immunization l.jpg
Active Immunization

  • Known as vaccination

  • Causes antibodies but not disease

  • Two main types

    • Live-virus

    • Killed-virus

Live virus vaccines l.jpg
Live-Virus Vaccines

  • Contain living viruses

  • Genetically weakened

  • Weakened through animal filtering

Killed virus vaccines l.jpg
Killed-Virus Vaccines

  • Contained killed viruses

  • Less powerful

  • Booster shots

  • Typhoid fever, Cholera, Rabies

Immunization importance l.jpg
Immunization Importance

  • State by state law

  • Needed for work and school

  • Diseases still there

Common infectious diseases l.jpg
Common Infectious Diseases

  • The common cold

  • Influenza

  • Strep throat

  • Mononucleosis

  • Can you list more?

Symptoms of the common cold l.jpg
Symptoms of the Common Cold

  • The Common Cold

    • Mucous buildup making it hard to breathe

    • Swelling of sinuses

    • Sneezing

    • Sore throat

    • Coughing

    • Headache

Symptoms of influenza l.jpg
Symptoms of Influenza

  • (Flu)

    • Respiratory Tract Infection

    • Chills

    • Fever

    • Headache & muscle ache

    • Weakness

    • Dry throat

    • Fever (100-104 degrees F)

Symptoms of strep throat l.jpg
Symptoms of Strep Throat

  • “Strep”

    • Fever

    • Enlarged lymph nodes

    • Pain when swallowing

    • Malaise (feeling sick)

    • Headache

    • Nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain in children

Symptoms of mononucleosis l.jpg
Symptoms of Mononucleosis

  • “Mono”

    • Fever

    • Sore throat

    • Enlarged lymph nodes

    • Drowsiness

    • Loss of appetite

    • Muscle aches

    • Enlarged Spleen

Common sense l.jpg

Keep your body healthy

Store and prepare food safely

Avoid sharing food

Treat illnesses and cover mouth when sneeze

Throw tissues in trash can

Shower every day

Common Sense

Common sense34 l.jpg

When I cough or go kerchoo,

This is what I always do.

I cover my mouth with a tissue,

So my germs won't get on you!

Common Sense

Disease will still spread l.jpg
Disease will still spread

No matter how many precautions you take, you can still get a disease.

Its not your fault!

The end l.jpg
The End!


Or contact Gainesville’s Health Department at (352)334-7900

For more information!