Understanding how Indigenous community factors affect Indigenous entrepreneurial process Bob Kayseas, Ph.D. Purpose of interest. Purpose of interest. My own heritage (community) The situation that exists in many communities;. Purpose of interest.
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(Ryser in Seton, 1999, 4; emphasis in original).
Suggests that these affect both the entrepreneurial process and the outcomes
Osoyoos Indian Band Indigenous entrepreneurial process
Neskonlith First Nation
Membertou First Nation, NS
Shubenacadie First Nation
Onion Lake First Nation
Lac La Ronge Indian BandCase Studies
For thousands of years Native people were a part of the local and regional economy. Yet over the last 100 years Natives have been marginalized and denied their right to provide for themselves and their families.
If you go back 100 years in our territory you find a sustainable economy, a trading people who did business with people to the north and to the south. But the conditions after contact and the takeover of our affairs by the Indian Agent soon led to complete dependence on the Indian Agent office in nearby Vernon…
Our major weakness…is all the leftover dysfunction from our colonial past – the control exerted over us by the Indian Act, the administration of our affairs by the D.I.A., family breakdown, the cycle of welfare, the victimization syndrome, the dependency syndrome are still with us today. We are like a Third World country trying to emerge from a colonial past (Chief Louis).
So it is really more a matter of making sure that you release the capital that has been for so long, what is the terminology? Trapped capital. You know the fact that it is capital for First Nations (the land) is basically burdened with DIA…Nobody goes by without talking about the escalating real estate values in this country and how land prices have been going up 20, 25, 35% or more annually. And here (on-reserve) real estate gets locked and its not allowed to have the same leveraging effect or the same opportunities for being able to enjoy that elevation in value (Chris Scott, 2005).
…when people come here (Inkameep Canyon Golf Course) they are going to know that they are on a First Nations golf course. And, yeah, we may lose some customers over it but I would rather have a company that breaks even and showcases First Nation heritage… you know you are in a First Nations business, than have a business that says you have a lot of money but you have sold out and you have nothing there to identify that you are in a First Nations business (Louis 2005).
…I would rather have a company that loses money but still has the ability to stay open but has the majority or all First Nation employment, than have a company that makes a lot of money yet has very little or no First Nation employment…To me I would put a company at the bottom of the list that doesn’t have the majority or all First Nation employment as opposed to one that is making money with no native employment (Louis 2005).
Western world economic, legal, social political systems
First Nations Systems
Saskatoon Tribal Council world
Political & Corporate Structure
* STC Investments Ltd Partnership as represented by STC Investments Corporation
Saskatoon Tribal Council
Is the 7 STC FN Chiefs who also are the Board of Directors for each Corporation
*First Alliance Construction Solutions Ltd Partnership as represented by First Alliance Construction Solutions Corp STC Investments LP owns 30%
*STC Casino Holdings Ltd Partnership as represented by STC Casino Holdings Corp.
SDC Development Corporation
Saskatoon Tribal Council Inc.
Cress Housing Corporation
STC Urban First Nations Services Inc.
STC Health & Family Services Inc.
Cattail Holdings Ltd. (Partnership with Muskeg Lake) SDCDC owns 40%
* Dakota Dunes Community Development Corporation
*Affiliated with STC First Nations – separate Board of Directors
Kinistin First Nation world
Whitecap Dakota First Nation
One Arrow First Nation
Assembly of Nations
C & C, Elders, Senators, TC, TVC
Mistawasis First Nation
Muskeg Lake Cree Nation
Muskoday First Nation
Yellow Quill First Nation
Membership of the seven world
STC First Nations
Senators, Elders, Veterans
Assembly of Nations
Lead Political Body representing Seven Nations AND
Lead Governance Body – oversees all operations at a strategic level
STC Holding Co.
Board of Directors of STC Entities (structure yet to be determined)