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Cavaliers and Metaphysical Poets. The Jacobean Period and the Commonwealth. The Later Cavaliers. A group of young men loyal of the king Poetry characterized by great wit and intended to entertain the audience Conversational style Elaborate conceits

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cavaliers and metaphysical poets

Cavaliers and Metaphysical Poets

The Jacobean Period and the Commonwealth

the later cavaliers
The Later Cavaliers
  • A group of young men loyal of the king
  • Poetry characterized by great wit and intended to entertain the audience
    • Conversational style
    • Elaborate conceits
    • Admiration for the classics: regular rhythm and simple language
    • Themes of love and sometimes sarcastic commentaries on pursuit of fickle women
robert herrick
Robert Herrick
  • “To the Virgins to Make Much of Time”
    • “Gather ye rosebuds while ye may” : carpe diem
    • Identify the metaphor inline 5.

(the sun compared to a lamp)

What age does Herrick consider to be the best? Why?

sir john suckling
Sir John Suckling
  • “The Constant Lover”
    • What conclusion can you draw about the speaker after reading the first stanza?
    • The image of “time” shedding its wings is a play on words (Time flies). What is the speaker saying about his constancy?
slide5
“Why So Pale and Wan Fair Lover?”
    • What is the condition of the person described in the poem?
    • What advice does the speaker give the lover?
    • Do you think the lover will see the logic of his argument?
richard lovelace
Richard Lovelace
  • “To Lucasta, Going to the Wars”
    • What contrast is being made in the first stanza?
    • What is suggested about Lucasta’s first reaction to his leaving?
    • Identify the paradox in the third stanza
slide7
“To Althea, from Prison”
    • To what is the speaker contrasting himself in the third stanza?
    • Can you put lines 25-28 in your own words?
    • What is the paradox in the last stanza?
andrew marvell
Andrew Marvell
  • “To His Coy Mistress”
    • Why is the suggestion in the first 7 lines of how they would spend time seem ridiculous?
    • Lines 8-10: hyperbole and allusion
    • What is the speaker urging his beloved to do ?
the metaphysical poets
The Metaphysical Poets
  • Philosophical approach to everyday subjects
  • Striking comparisons
  • Conversational style
  • Poetry: takes the form of an argument appealing to both intellect and emotion; subject matter is serious and complex.
the metaphysical conceit
The metaphysical conceit
  • Witty comparison between two dissimilar things
  • Takes thought and imagination to unravel
  • Is important to understanding the poet’s argument
john donne
John Donne
  • “Song”
    • Written on the occasion of his parting from his wife
    • Identify the conceit in the second stanza
    • The tight rhyme scheme reinforces the logical organization of the argument
    • Lines 21-24: What are his reasons?
    • Lines 33-36: What is he asking of her?
slide12
“A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning”
    • A song of farewell
    • What is happening in the first four lines?
    • In the second stanza, what is he asking of his beloved? What hints do we see of Donne’s religious conversion?
    • What is the purpose of the comparison in lines 13-20?
slide13
“Death Be Not Proud”
    • Personification or apostrophe? Line 1
    • What assumptions does the speaker make about death in this poem?
  • “Meditation 17”
    • What comparisons does Donne make in this meditation? What does this say about man and his fate?
ben jonson
Ben Jonson
  • “On My first Son”
    • Written after his son’s death
    • What does Jonson consider his best piece of poetry? (His son)
  • “To Celia”
    • What is Celia’s reaction to his gift? (she rejects him)