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Islam in Afghanistan. Rachel Seyfarth, Alison Hige, Fallon Reagan, and Megan Murphy. The Basics. 99% of Afghans practice Islam 84% - Sunni 15% - Shi’a. Important figure for Afghan Muslims is The Mullah, a male religious teacher. Every neighborhood has a mosque Place of worship

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islam in afghanistan

Islam in Afghanistan

Rachel Seyfarth, Alison Hige, Fallon Reagan, and Megan Murphy

the basics
The Basics
  • 99% of Afghans practice Islam
  • 84% - Sunni
  • 15% - Shi’a

Important figure for Afghan Muslims is The Mullah, a male religious teacher

  • Every neighborhood has a mosque
    • Place of worship
    • Shelter for guests
    • Focus of social religious festivities and schools
    • Represent a place of peace

The 5 Pillars

Daily Prayers

Trip to Mecca

Ramadan

Charity

No God except Muhammad

the basics1
The Basics
  • Muslims pray to Mecca five times a day
  • Dawn
  • Noon
  • Afternoon
  • Sunset
  • Evening

Friday is the Muslim Holy Day

  • The Holy Month of Ramadan
    • All Muslims must fast from dawn to dusk
    • Only permitted to work six hours a day
family life
Family Life

Arranged marriages are common

Tribe, status, network, and wealth are the major factors forming any choice

Families traditionally live together in a walled compound, known as the kala

When a son gets married, he and his wife begin their married lives in a room under the same roof.

customs
Customs

1960s: the wearing of a veil became voluntary, and many women were employed

  • Taliban 1996: authorities closed down girls’ schools and forced women to give up employment. Strong penalties applied against women who were not fully covered

Women expected to wear loose fitting pants and to be sure the definition of their legs was undistinguishable; strongly advisable to wear a headscarf in public

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Fa_fuSxOyM

slide6

Customs (Cont.)

  • Women and men never shake hands or speak directly to one another
  • If a man speaks to a woman directly, he is dishonoring her
  • If someone speaks to someone else on the street, that is equally inappropriate

Taliban believes “Full beards are a mark of Muslim” – they are required

Women avoid looking men in the eyes, keeping their eyes lowered when walking down the street to maintain your reputation as a proper woman