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Chapter 22

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  1. Chapter 22 Gilded-Age Politics and Agrarian Revolt

  2. I. Origin of “Gilded Age” Mark Twain

  3. II. Paradoxical Politics • Political Statement • Local nature of politics

  4. III. Partisan Politics • City machines • Republican party members characteristics • Democratic party members characteristics

  5. IV. Corruption and Reform • Most regulations overturned by courts • Favors • Struggle for clean government

  6. V. Hayes and Civil Service Reform • Uprightness

  7. Rutherford B. Hayes

  8. V. Hayes and Civil Service Reform • Uprightness • “Lemonade Lucy”

  9. Lemonade Lucy

  10. V. Hayes and Civil Service Reform • Uprightness • “Lemonade Lucy” • Stalwarts and Conkling

  11. Roscoe Conkling

  12. V. Hayes and Civil Service Reform • Uprightness • “Lemonade Lucy” • Stalwarts and Conkling • Half-breeds and Blaine

  13. James G. Blaine

  14. V. Hayes and Civil Service Reform • Uprightness • “Lemonade Lucy” • Stalwarts and Conkling • Half-breeds and Blaine • Merit System • Federal customs houses • New Replacements • Vision of Government

  15. VI. Garfield and Arthur • Campaign of 1880

  16. WINNER! Hancock Democrats Conkling Stalwarts Garfield Republicans

  17. VI. Garfield and Arthur • Campaign of 1880 • July 2, 1881

  18. Charles Guiteau

  19. VI. Garfield and Arthur • Campaign of 1880 • July 2, 1881 • President Arthur

  20. Chester A. Arthur

  21. VI. Garfield and Arthur • Campaign of 1880 • July 2, 1881 • President Arthur • Arthur’s Administration

  22. VI. Garfield and Arthur • Campaign of 1880 • July 2, 1881 • President Arthur • Arthur’s Administration • 1884 Presidential Campaign

  23. Election of 1884

  24. James G. Blaine Republican Stephen Cleveland Democrat WINNER!

  25. VII. Cleveland and the Special Interests • Mixed Record on civil service • Railroad regulation • ICC

  26. VIII. The Tariff Issue • Cleveland’s opinions and actions • Election of 1888

  27. Election 1888

  28. IX. Republican Reforms Under Harrison

  29. X. The Farm Problem and Agrarian Protest Movements • Unrest, struggles, problems • Unification problems

  30. XI. Economic Conditions • Money • Railroads • Debt • Tariffs

  31. XII. The Granger Movement • Origins of purpose for the Grange

  32. The Grange.

  33. XII. The Granger Movement • Origins of purpose for the Grange • Political third parties • Munn v. Illinois • Decline of Granger movement • Greenback Party

  34. XIII. Farmers’ Alliance

  35. XiV. Farm Politics

  36. Mary Elizabeth Lease (1853-1933)

  37. “sockless” Jerry Simpson

  38. XV. The Populist Part and the Election of 1892 • Platforms

  39. Benjamin Harrison Republican Grover Cleveland Democrat

  40. XV. The Populist Part and the Election of 1892 • Platforms • Election of 1892

  41. XVI. An Inadequate Currency • Deflation

  42. XVII. Depression of 1893 • Reading Railroad • Problems for farmers

  43. XVIII. Silverites vs. Goldbugs

  44. XIX. The Election of 1896 William Jennings Bryan Democrat William McKinley Republican

  45. Election of 1896

  46. XX. A New Era • Dingley Tariff • Global Concerns • Progressive reforms

  47. XX. A New Era • Dingley Tariff • Global Concerns • Progressive reforms