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About the Presentations. The presentations cover the objectives found in the opening of each chapter. All chapter objectives are listed in the beginning of each presentation. You may customize the presentations to fit your class needs.

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about the presentations
About the Presentations
  • The presentations cover the objectives found in the opening of each chapter.
  • All chapter objectives are listed in the beginning of each presentation.
  • You may customize the presentations to fit your class needs.
  • Some figures from the chapters are included. A complete set of images from the book can be found on the Instructor Resources disc.
mcts guide to microsoft windows server 2008 network infrastructure configuration

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

Chapter 1

Introductionto Windows Server 2008

objectives
Objectives
  • Discuss clients, servers, and Windows network models
  • Differentiate among the editions of Windows Server 2008
  • Identify Windows Server 2008 hardware requirements

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

objectives continued
Objectives (continued)
  • Discuss the new Windows Server 2008 technologies
  • Describe the new roles and features in Windows Server 2008
  • Navigate the Windows Server 2008 interface

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

clients servers and windows network models
Clients, Servers, and Windows Network Models
  • Workgroup
    • Network of computers that allow each other access to their files, printers, or Internet connection
  • By default, all Windows Server 2008 computers are placed in a workgroup named WORKGROUP
  • Membership status
    • Either a single workgroup or a domain

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

domain model with active directory
Domain Model with Active Directory
  • Domain
    • Group of users and computers managed by the same security database
  • Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS)
    • Technology that runs the domain security database
  • Domain controllers (DCs)
    • Servers that hosts domain security database
  • Domain Name System (DNS)
    • TCP/IP-based standard for resolving computer names with IP addresses

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

domain model with active directory continued
Domain Model with Active Directory (continued)
  • Group Policy
    • A way to set up specific configurations for users and computers within an Active Directory domain
  • Forest
    • A network of domains related to each other by relationships known as trusts
  • Transitive trusts
    • Trusts between Active Directory domains in a tree are created automatically when you create domains

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

windows server 2008 editions
Windows Server 2008 Editions
  • General editions of Windows Server 2008
    • Enterprise, Datacenter, and Standard
    • Editions designed for special-purpose server applications
      • Web Server and HPC Server

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

windows server 2008 standard edition
Windows Server 2008, Standard Edition
  • Designed for smaller environments and single-purpose installations
  • Works as a single domain server for a small business or
    • A single file/application server in larger environments

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

windows server 2008 enterprise edition
Windows Server 2008, Enterprise Edition
  • Features not available with SE
    • Significant increase in maximum allowable memory
    • Active Directory Federation Services (discussed later in this chapter)
    • Failover clustering
    • Installation of up to four virtual machines on each physical host
    • Hot-add memory

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

windows server 2008 datacenter edition
Windows Server 2008, Datacenter Edition
  • Additional features
    • Ability to run up to 32 processors
    • Ability to hot-add and replace processors
    • Installation of unlimited virtual machines on each physical host

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

windows web server 2008
Windows Web Server 2008
  • Server roles not available
    • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
    • DNS, file server
  • Does not require client access licenses (CAL) for users

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

windows hpc server 2008
Windows HPC Server 2008
  • Designed for high-performance computing (HPC) applications
  • Accommodates up to thousands of processing cores because it is built on the Server 2008 64-bit architecture model

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

windows server 2008 without hyper v
Windows Server 2008, Without Hyper-V
  • Hyper-V
    • Consolidates multiple server roles as separate virtual machines running on a single physical machine
    • Lets you efficiently run different operating systems in parallel on a single server

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

windows server 2008 for itanium based systems
Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-Based Systems
  • Standard, Enterprise, and Datacenter editions
    • Available for servers using Intel Itanium Processors
  • Itanium processors
    • Use a different architecture from other 32-bit and 64-bit processors

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

windows server 2008 hardware requirements
Windows Server 2008 Hardware Requirements
  • Microsoft provides minimum and recommended hardware requirements for installing its operating systems
  • Minimum requirements
    • Let you install and run a system using minimal resources and services

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

32 bit and 64 bit processors
32-Bit and 64-Bit Processors
  • 64-bit architectures
    • Have greater theoretical limit for processing data
    • Can handle twice the amount of data of a comparable 32-bit product

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

new technologies in windows server 2008
New Technologies in Windows Server 2008
  • This section introduces the following technologies and enhancements
    • Improved installation process
    • Hyper-V
    • Server Core
    • TCP/IP improvements
    • Network Access Protection
    • Server Manager
    • Windows Remote Management
    • PowerShell
    • Group Policy preferences

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

new technologies in windows server 2008 continued
New Technologies in Windows Server 2008 (continued)
  • Activity 1-1: Installing Windows Server 2008, Enterprise Edition
  • Time Required: 30 to 60 minutes (depending on hardware configuration of lab environment)
  • Objective: Install a working version of Windows Server 2008

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

improved installation process
Improved Installation Process
  • Requires minimal user input
  • You no longer have to wait for the installation program to ask for information
    • Networking information, regional settings, and other settings

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

improved installation process continued
Improved Installation Process (continued)
  • Activity 1-2: Completing Initial Configuration Tasks
  • Time Required: 20 minutes
  • Objective: Perform system configuration tasks after installation of Windows Server 2008

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

hyper v
Hyper-V
  • Virtualization
    • Allows you to run one or more separate instances of an OS within a single host OS
    • Allows organizations to consolidate these physical systems onto high-powered servers

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

server core
Server Core
  • A stripped-down installation of Windows Server 2008 with a set of available roles and services more limited than in the Full version
  • Attack surface
    • Areas of the system that could expose it to security breaches
  • Can be installed on Standard, Enterprise, and Datacenter editions of Windows Server 2008
    • But only during initial installation of the operating system

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

network access protection
Network Access Protection
  • Helps to protect networks, both public and private, from malware such as viruses and spyware
  • Threat sources
    • Employees accessing the Internet from work and inadvertently install Trojan horses
    • Remote access to connections from external networks that create a gateway for viruses
    • Guest computers accessing an internal network that introduce malware to the network

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

tcp ip improvements
TCP/IP Improvements
  • Next-Generation TCP/IP stack
    • New implementation of the TCP/IP protocol stack
    • Contains full support for IPv4 and IPv6
  • Teredo
    • IPv6 technology that can encapsulate IPv6 packets as IPv4 packets to allow them to traverse IPv4 networks
  • Receive Window Auto-tuning
    • Optimizes the size of data packets a server can accept

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

server manager
Server Manager
  • Centralizes commands to configuration tools
  • Allows you to easily manage your server and network

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

server manager continued
Server Manager (continued)
  • Activity 1-3: Exploring Server Manager
  • Time Required: 10 minutes
  • Objective: Review the features of Server Manager

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

powershell
PowerShell
  • Now becoming the de facto CLI and scripting language for Microsoft products
  • Allows you to string together commands, passing the result of one command into the next, in a process known as pipelining
  • Passes results as .NET objects

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

windows remote management
Windows Remote Management
  • Lets administrators manage servers remotely by running management scripts and managing data on remote machines
  • WS-Management protocol
    • Public standard for exchanging management data remotely by any device implementing the protocol

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

group policy preferences
Group Policy Preferences
  • New feature of the Group Policy Management Console (GPMC)
  • Applied but not enforced
  • Helps to implement Group Policies within your Active Directory environments

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

new roles and features in windows server 2008
New Roles and Features in Windows Server 2008
  • Role
    • Major function or service that a server performs
  • File Services role
    • Allows the server to share files on a network

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

new roles in server 2008
New Roles in Server 2008
  • Server role
    • Defines the specific task that a server is responsible for performing
  • Roles can be organized into three groups
    • Active Directory
    • Infrastructure
    • Network roles

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

active directory roles
Active Directory Roles
  • Windows Server 2008 includes five Active Directory roles
    • Active Directory Certificate Services
    • Active Directory Domain Services
    • Active Directory Federation Services
    • Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
    • Active Directory Rights Management Services

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

network roles
Network Roles
  • DHCP
    • Network standard protocol used to dynamically allocate and track IP addresses for clients on a network
  • DNS
    • Main goal is to match a domain name to an IP address based on a client query for information

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

network roles continued
Network Roles (continued)
  • Network Policy and Access Services (NPAS)
    • Allows you to implement
      • Network Policy Server
      • Routing and Remote Access Service
      • Health Registration Authority
      • Host Credential Authorization Protocol

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

infrastructure roles
Infrastructure Roles
  • Active Directory roles that can be installed in Server 2008
    • Terminal Services
    • Fax Services
    • Print Services
    • File Services
    • Hyper-V
    • UDDI Services
    • Web Server (IIS 7)
    • Windows Deployment Services

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

infrastructure roles continued
Infrastructure Roles (continued)
  • Activity 1-4: Exploring the Available Roles in Server Manager
  • Time Required: 15 minutes
  • Objective: Identify the roles that can be installed in Server Manager using the Add Roles Wizard

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

new features
New Features
  • Feature
    • Similar to a job responsibility performed by a specific role
  • Features available in Server 2008
    • .NET 3.0 Framework
    • Windows Desktop Experience
    • Network Load Balancing
    • Group Policy Management
    • Remote Server Administration Tools
    • Windows PowerShell
    • Windows Server Backup Features

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

roles and features management
Roles and Features Management
  • Server Manager console and Server Manager command-line utility
    • Used to manage roles and features
  • Major areas of information within Server Manager
    • Server Summary
    • Roles
    • Features
    • Diagnostics
    • Configuration
    • Storage

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

roles and features management continued
Roles and Features Management (continued)
  • Activity 1-5: Adding the File Services Role and Windows Server Backup Feature
  • Time Required: 15 minutes
  • Objective: Install the File Services role and the Windows Server Backup feature using Server Manager

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

server manager command
Server Manager Command
  • A new CLI-based management tool that allows you to effectively
    • Install, configure, and remove roles and features in Server 2008

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

server manager command continued
Server Manager Command (continued)
  • Activity 1-6: Adding the Print Services Role and PowerShell Feature using Server Manager Command
  • Time Required: 15 minutes
  • Objective: Install the Print Services role and the PowerShell feature using Server Manager Command

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

windows server 2008 user interface
Windows Server 2008 User Interface
  • New or improved features in Windows Server 2008
    • Start menu
    • Network and Sharing Center
    • Help and Support
    • Windows Desktop Experience

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

start menu
Start Menu
  • Windows Server 2008
    • Incorporates the redesigned Start menu into its UI
  • Most efficient way to use the Windows Server 2008 Start menu
    • Use the Start Search text box

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

start menu continued
Start Menu (continued)
  • Activity 1-7: Using the Start Menu and Start Search Text Box
  • Time Required: 15 minutes
  • Objective: Use the Start Search text box to find and open a program

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

network and sharing center
Network and Sharing Center
  • Provides a central location for administering many network tasks in Windows Server 2008, including:
    • Network connections
    • Sharing settings
    • Network discovery options

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

windows desktop experience
Windows Desktop Experience
  • Applications
    • Windows Mail
    • Windows Media Player
    • Windows Aero and other desktop themes
    • Video for Windows (AVI support)
    • Windows Photo Gallery
    • Windows SideShow
    • Windows Defender

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

summary
Summary
  • Most modern networks are based on client-server computing
  • Windows Server 2008 offers three general editions and two special-purpose editions
    • Windows Server 2008 Standard
    • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise
    • Windows Server 2008 Datacenter
    • Windows Web Server 2008
    • Windows HPC Server 2008

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

summary continued
Summary (continued)
  • Windows Server 2008
    • Available for both 32-bit and 64-bit hardware architectures
  • New technologies in Windows Server 2008
    • Focus on improving the performance, manageability, and security of networks
  • Windows Server 2008
    • Lets you organize server services into roles and features

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

summary continued1
Summary (continued)
  • Server Manager
    • Provides administrators with a GUI console for managing roles and features
  • Windows Server 2008
    • Has a look and feel similar to Windows Vista

MCTS Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Network Infrastructure Configuration

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