designing for construction safety and health from research to practice n.
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Designing for Construction Safety and Health From Research to Practice

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

Designing for Construction Safety and Health From Research to Practice - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 147 Views
  • Uploaded on

Designing for Construction Safety and Health From Research to Practice. John Gambatese, PhD, PE School of Civil and Construction Engineering Oregon State University CIB W099 Conference Melbourne, Australia October 21-23, 2009. Designing for Construction Safety and Health is….

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Designing for Construction Safety and Health From Research to Practice' - brighton-titus


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
designing for construction safety and health from research to practice

Designing for Construction Safety and HealthFrom Research to Practice

John Gambatese, PhD, PE

School of Civil and Construction Engineering

Oregon State University

CIB W099 Conference

Melbourne, Australia

October 21-23, 2009

designing for construction safety and health is
Designing for Construction Safety and Health is…
  • The application of the Prevention through Design (PtD) concept to the design of a construction project
  • Recognizing construction site safety as a design criterion
  • “Safety Constructability”
what research tells us
What research tells us…
  • 22% of 226 injuries that occurred from 2000-2002 in Oregon, WA, and CA1
  • 42% of 224 fatalities in US between 1990-20031
  • 60% of fatal accidents resulted in part from decisions made before site work began2
  • 63% of all fatalities and injuries could be attributed to design decisions or lack of planning3

1 Behm, M., “Linking Construction Fatalities to the Design for Constr. Safety Concept” (2005)

2 European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions

3 NSW WorkCover, CHAIR Safety in Design Tool, 2001

additional motivations
Additional Motivations
  • Ability to influence safety is greatest early in the project schedule (Szymberski, 1997)
  • Moral and ethical standards
    • “Engineers shall hold paramount the safety, health, and welfare of the public.” (NSPE Code of Ethics)
  • Hierarchy of controls
  • Sustainability

Environmental

Sustainability

Economic

Social

resources and processes

Establish design for safety expectations

  • Include construction and operation perspective
  • Identify design for safety process and tools

Design Kickoff

Internal Review

External Review

Issue for Construction

Design

Trade contractor involvement

  • QA/QC
  • Cross-discipline review
  • Focused safety review
  • Owner review
Resources and Processes

(Source: Hecker et al., 2005)

resources and processes1
Resources and Processes

Project Phase

CHAIR-2

Begin Concept Design

CHAIR-1

Commence Construction

CHAIR-3

Review of Concept Design

Review of Detailed Design

Construction Hazard Assessment and Implication Review (CHAIR)

(Source: NSW WorkCover, CHAIR Safety in Design Tool, 2001)

design for safety and health components
Design for Safety and Health Components
  • Ability
  • Opportunity
  • Responsibility
  • Authority
  • Motivation
design for safety and health components1
Design for Safety and Health Components
  • Ability
  • Opportunity
  • Responsibility
  • Authority
  • Motivation
  • Knowledge of construction site hazards, associated risk, and how to create safe designs
  • Able to access and use design for safety resources and processes
  • Education, training, and tools
design for safety and health components2
Design for Safety and Health Components
  • Ability
  • Opportunity
  • Responsibility
  • Authority
  • Motivation
  • Available resources
  • Access to site and resources
  • Acceptable within contract
  • Accepted within project team and culture
  • A need to consider safety
  • Right place, right time, right resources
design for safety and health components3
Design for Safety and Health Components
  • Ability
  • Opportunity
  • Responsibility
  • Authority
  • Motivation
  • Assessing project risk and developing options to mitigate risk are within contracted scope of work
  • Safety is a design criterion
design for safety and health components4
Design for Safety and Health Components
  • Ability
  • Opportunity
  • Responsibility
  • Authority
  • Motivation
  • Authorized to select and prescribe designs based on safety risk assessments and option evaluations
  • Safety is a high priority
design for safety and health components5
Design for Safety and Health Components
  • Ability
  • Opportunity
  • Responsibility
  • Authority
  • Motivation
  • Good business practice
  • Contracted scope of work
  • Moral/ethical standard
  • Governing legislation
  • Standard design practice
  • Interest in construction worker safety and health
  • Designing for safety has value
steps to designing for construction safety and health1
Steps to Designing for Construction Safety and Health

1

2

3

4

5

DfCSH

  • Education, training, and tools
    • Safety in architecture/engineering education
    • Professional continuing education classes
    • Safety in professional licensure requirements
    • Visualization and work flow tools
steps to designing for construction safety and health2
Steps to Designing for Construction Safety and Health

1

2

3

4

5

DfCSH

  • Right place, right time, right resources
    • Safety review in project development process
    • Integrated project delivery methods
    • Co-locating design and construction staff
    • Supported by owner/client (resources)
steps to designing for construction safety and health3
Steps to Designing for Construction Safety and Health

1

2

3

4

5

DfCSH

  • Safety is a design criterion
    • Part of standard design practice
    • Incorporated into design codes
    • Contractually prescribed by owner/client
    • Required by legislation
steps to designing for construction safety and health4
Steps to Designing for Construction Safety and Health

1

2

3

4

5

DfCSH

  • Safety is a high priority
    • Authorization to modify the design for safety
    • Designing out the hazard is first choice
    • Safety and health given high priority relative to other project criteria
research findings
Research Findings
  • Priority of project criteria

*Ranking:

1 = Highest priority

6 = Lowest priority

A smaller number represents higher priority.

(Source: Gambatese, J., Behm, M., and Hinze, J. (2005). “Viability of Designing for Construction Worker Safety.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, ASCE, 131(9), 1029-1036)

steps to designing for construction safety and health5
Steps to Designing for Construction Safety and Health

1

2

3

4

5

DfCSH

  • Designing for safety has value
    • Lifecycle savings outweigh costs, and economically feasible for designers
    • Improvements in safety, quality, productivity
    • Morally/ethically responsible
    • Desired by owners/clients (priority)
steps to designing for construction safety and health6
Steps to Designing for Construction Safety and Health

1

2

3

4

5

DfCSH

  • Designed for construction safety and health
    • Construction site hazards eliminated/reduced
    • Improvements in safety, quality, productivity
    • Improvements in maintenance safety
    • Design and construction integration/collaboration
design and construction integration
Design and Construction Integration

(Source: Everett, J.G. and Slocum, A.H. , 1994. “Automation and Robotics Opportunities: Construction versus Manufacturing.” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, ASCE, Vol. 120, No. 2, pp. 443-452)

expected impacts trajectories
Expected Impacts: “Trajectories”
  • Increased prefabrication
  • Increased use of less hazardous materials and systems
  • Increased construction engineering
  • Increased spatial investigation
  • Increased collaboration & integration

(Source: Toole, T.M. and Gambatese, J.A., 2008. “The Trajectories of Prevention through Design in Construction.” Journal of Safety Research, Special issue on Prevention through Design, Elsevier and the National Safety Council, 39, 225-230)

slide25

Designing for Construction Safety and HealthFrom Research to Practice

  • Questions? Comments?
  • For more information:

john.gambatese@oregonstate.edu