Global Trends in B ioplastics. Boris A. Miksic, FNACE® Cortec Corporation / EcoCortec. Overview. Bioplastics –terminology Bioplastics market – trends Disposal Certification Conclusion. “Traditional” plastic. Almost entirely derived from non-renewable, fossil sources
Boris A. Miksic, FNACE®
… is all around
Coast of Dubrovnik/Croatia polluted by plastic materials discarded at sea, 2009
What doesplastic waste pollution look like?
The term "bioplastics" refers to a biodegradable plastics and/or plastics derived from renewable resources (the definition from European Bioplastics)
Plastics: 265 M tons (2010) – Plastics Europe
Bioplastics: 0.724 M tons
biodegradable (non renewable resources) 428 000 t
plastics from renewable resources 296 000 t
Source/base: renewable or not renewable
Material: biodegradable or not biodegradable
1869. nitrocellulose – Hyatt billiard balls
1897. galalith –first Zagreb’s gramophone panel manufactured by Penkala
Considering the source/base we distinguish:
Compostable plastic is one that meets all scientificallyrecognized standards ofcompostabilty
regardless of the origin of carbon.
is EN 13432,
and USA norm is
Bioplastics in Europe ( purpose)
by material type in 2011
Production capacities of bioplastics in the world in 2011.and forecast by 2015.
The share of bioplastics in the global plastics market will recordsubstantial growth in the following years (planned annual growth of 44%)
Italy - first country in the world that banned the use of polyethylene bags (January 1,2011)
Governments and consumers are demanding action to reduce dependence on oil.
(50-80% in 2 years)
“It took 125 years to use the first trillion barrels of oil. We’ll use the next trillion in 30 years.
So, why should you care?”
FACULTY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING AND NAVAL ARCHITECTURE
EFFECT OF EXTRUSION PARAMETERS ON PERFORMANCE
CHARACTERISTICS OF BIODEGRADABLE FILMS
Dr. Sc. Mladen Sercer, professor