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Disaster risk reduction in the United Kingdom. Simon Strickland Civil Contingencies Secretariat, Cabinet Office, London, UK. Hyogo Framework for Action: priorities. 1. Making disaster risk reduction a priority 2. Improving risk information and early warning

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disaster risk reduction in the united kingdom

Disaster risk reduction in the United Kingdom

Simon Strickland

Civil Contingencies Secretariat,

Cabinet Office, London, UK

slide2

Hyogo Framework for Action: priorities

1. Making disaster risk reduction a priority

2. Improving risk information and early warning

3. Building a culture of safety and resilience

4. Reducing the risks in key sectors

5. Strengthening preparedness for response

slide3

Hyogo Framework for Action: priority 1 indicators

  • Making disaster risk reduction a priority
    • Legal framework
    • National multi-sectoral platform
    • National policy framework
    • Resources
slide4

Ensuring a consistent generic national policy framework

Also: Control of Major Accident Hazards Regulations 1999; Pipelines Safety Regulations 1996; Radiation Regulations 2001. Prevention – except in an imminent emergency - is covered by other legislation e.g. on fire safety, industrial safety, building regulations, flood defence, maritime safety, and health protection.

slide5

Legislation: Civil Contingencies Act 2004

1. Sets responsibilities and expectations for local responders:-

  • Category 1: police, fire, ambulance, local authorities, major hospitals, coastguard:-
    • Risk assessment
    • Emergency planning
    • Warning and informing the public
    • Business continuity planning
    • Co-operation
    • Information-sharing
  • Category 2: water, energy, telecommunications companies, HSE:-
    • Co-operation and information-sharing

2. Specifies emergency powers

multi agency and multi sectoral cooperation local and regional resilience fora lrf and rrf
Multi-agency and multi-sectoral cooperation: Local and Regional Resilience Fora (LRF and RRF)

LRFs

  • 43 LRF fora in England and Wales; 4 in London; meet 6 monthly.
  • Police, fire and rescue authorities, ambulance services, Environment Agency, port health authorities, LAs ….
  • Utility companies, health authorities attend as needed.
  • Aim to:
    • compile local Risk Registers;
    • co-ordinate approach to legal duties; and
    • support contingency planning across agencies, exercise co-ordination, and other training events.
  • 9 RRFs for nine Regions (Government Offices); plus Wales.
  • Police, fire, other emergency services recommended to participate.
  • Utility companies, transport, health authorities attend as needed
  • Aim to improve coordination:
    • across the region;
    • between the centre and the region;
    • between the region and the local response capability; and
    • between regions.

RRFs

slide7

UK integrated disaster management framework

Inter-ministerial committees

International coordination

Civil Contingencies Secretariat

Business Advisory Group

for Civil Protection

Line ministries /

Government Departments

Voluntary Sector

Civil Protection Working

Party and Forum

Scientific and wider research-based expertise

Regional Resilience Fora

Local Resilience Fora

Community-led civil society initiatives

slide8

Hyogo Framework for Action: priority 2 indicators

  • 2. Improving risk information and early warning
    • National risk assessments
    • Systems for data monitoring and dissemination
    • Early warning systems
    • Community reach
use of the risk assessment at all levels

Key

Very high

High

Medium

Low

Use of the risk assessment - at all levels

PRIMARY

CAPABILITY

DRIVERS

Catastrophic (5)

PLAN

WITHIN

EXISTING

RESOURCES

Significant (4)

Impact

Moderate (3)

SECONDARY

CAPABILITY

DRIVERS

Minor (2)

MONITOR

Insignificant

(1)

,

Probable(5)

Very rare (1)

Rare (2)

Unlikely (3)

Possible (4)

Likelihood

improving ability to predict floods by bringing together meteorological and hydrological services
Improving ability to predict floods by bringing together meteorological and hydrological services

The Meteorological Office’s leading high-resolution weather forecasting & modelling experts are now co-located with the

Environment Agency’s expertise in flood mapping and modelling, warnings and response, and local knowledge. This collaboration now forms the UK’s Flood Forecasting Centre.

the duty to communicate with the public
The duty to communicate with the public

The legislation places a duty on all Category 1 responders to:-

  • make the public aware of the risks of emergencies and how these responders are prepared to deal with them; and
  • warn the public that an emergency has occurred, or is about to occur.
alerting
Alerting
  • Variety of alerting systems are already in place in the UK.
  • No single system is sufficient for all scenarios.
  • Integrated warning and informing packages are needed to reach the highest percentage of the “population at risk”.
  • CCS is exploring scope for a national alerting capability.
slide14

Hyogo Framework for Action: priority 3 indicators

  • 3. Building a culture of safety and resilience
    • National public awareness strategy
    • Educational curricula
putting into the public domain information about emergency preparedness and response issues
Putting into the public domain information about emergency preparedness and response issues
  • Publication of the National Risk Register
  • Publication of Community Risk Registers
  • Establishing web-site pages
  • Issuing leaflets to raise awareness
  • Working with schools
slide16

Hyogo Framework for Action: priority 4 indicators

  • 4. Reducing the risks in key sectors
    • Environmental protection, management and climate change
    • Addressing needs of vulnerable groups
    • Land-use planning and regulation
    • Critical infrastructure protection
    • Assessing major infrastructure project proposals
protecting critical national infrastructure
Protecting critical national infrastructure
  • Reduce vulnerability through proportionate measures:
    • Physical measures e.g. police, barriers
    • Electronic measures
    • Personnel screening

Owner/operators of infrastructure (mainly Private Sector)

Working

together to

provide suitable

protection

Tripartite approach to protective security

Government Departments

lead for their sector

(Home Office co-ordinate)

Security advisers

e.g. CPNI & Police CTSA

(Physical, Electronic & Personnel)

vulnerability of critical infrastructure summer 2007 floods
Vulnerability of critical infrastructure: Summer 2007 floods

Impacts on critical infrastructure:

  • 350,000 people without clean water for up to 17 days
  • 42,000 people without power in Gloucester for 24 hours
  • 10,000 people trapped on M5 Motorway overnight
  • Many others stranded on the rail network
  • Hospitals, schools and care homes affected
slide19

Hyogo Framework for Action: priority 5 indicators

  • 5. Strengthening preparedness for response
    • Independent assessment of preparedness capacities and mechanisms
    • Planning at all levels with regular exercise-based training
    • Ensuring effective disaster preparedness and response at all levels
    • Resources to support effective response and recovery
    • Procedures for review and for learning lessons
single multi agency civil protection training
Single & multi-agency civil protection training
  • Fire Service College
    • Urban search & rescue
    • Hazardous chemical/substance incidents
    • CBRN decontamination
    • Senior incident command
  • Police National CBRN Centre
    • CBRN practical & tactical skills
    • CBRN incident command training
  • National Police College
    • Senior incident command

EPC

FSC

CBRNC

NPC

slide21

National-level exercise activities, 2008-2011

2008

Amber Glass – Fuel Shortage

Green Star – CBRN Recovery

2009

Saxon Shore – CBRN Response

White Noise – Mass Telecoms Failure

2010

Avogadro – Gas ShortageCastle Rock – CBRN2011

Watermark - Flooding

an integrated approach across levels and sectors
An integrated approach across levels and sectors

HS

LL

REVIEW

IDENTIFY

HS

LL

NCS

HS – Horizon scanning

RI – Risk identification

NRA – National Risk Assessment

RRA – Regional Risk Assessment

CRR – Community Risk Register

NPA – National Planning Assumptions

RPA – Regional Planning Assumptions

CR – Capability Requirements

CT – Capability Targets

PM – Performance Management

NCS – National Capability Survey

LL – Lessons Learned

NCS

LL

HS

NCS

RI

RI

RI

PM

PM

PM

Evidence

NRA

CT

RRA

CRR

CT

NPA

CT

CR

National

RPA

CR

Regional

CR

ACT

ASSESS

Local

slide23

The HFA National Platform: roles and responsibilities

  • Develop national coordination mechanisms
  • Conduct baseline assessments on the status of disaster risk reduction
  • Publish and up-date summaries of national programmes
  • Review national progress towards achieving the objectives and priorities of HFA
  • Implement relevant international legal instruments
  • Integrate disaster risk reduction with climate change strategies
slide24

UK integrated disaster management framework

HMG:

the UK National

Platform

Inter-ministerial committees

International coordination

Civil Contingencies Secretariat

Business Advisory Group

for Civil Protection

Line ministries /

Government Departments

Voluntary Sector

Civil Protection Working

Party and Forum

Scientific and wider research-based expertise

Regional Resilience Fora

Local Resilience Fora

Community-led civil society initiatives

slide25

Membership of regional organisations or entities in Europe

Key:

membership of

regional

organisations or entities

Number