Hurricane Shutters Compiled by: Lisa Leslie Hillsborough County Extension Agent June 2006 Contact Information: (813) 744-5519 x143 firstname.lastname@example.org
What is Cooperative Extension Service? • UF/IFAS is a federal-state-county partnership throughout Florida. • UF/IFAS and county governments extend the education and research from the University of Florida into the local community. • Long tradition of helping the agricultural industry. • Every county has a Cooperative Extension Office.
Considerations before you purchase window shutters • Affordability • Level of protection • Ease of installation • Ease of operation • Click for a worksheet from the FL House Learning Center.(It is in Excel format.)
Recognized Product Approval • Impact resistant glass and shutters are specifically designed to meet a combination of impact and continuous pressure from the wind. • The new 2004 Florida Building Code (FBC) became effective on October 1, 2005. • A product meets the 2004 FBC code requirements for impact resistance window protection, if it meets one of the following standards: • SSTD 12 -99 • ASTM E 1886 and ASTM E 1996 • Miami-Dade TAS 201, 202 and 203
Level of Protection • As the previous slide indicated, there are several different testing protocols. • Products that meet the Miami-Dade standards offer maximum protection. • You can search their county database for products that have been approved for use on buildings in Miami-Dade. • www.miamidade.gov/buildingcode/online_product_search.asp
Need to protect the whole window unit • “Equally as important as the strength of the glass or shutter is the strength of the window’s frame and attachment hardware.” • An impact resistant window is tested as a unit that includes the glass, the frame, as well as the attachment hardware and the installation method. Source: Federal Alliance for Safe Homes (FLASH)
Window film – single family homes • Window film does NOT offer the same type of protection as impact resistant window systems or properly installed shutters. • In the event of impact, window film may keep the glass together. But it is not designed to prevent a breach to the complete window unit. • Window film does not qualify under the Florida Building Code as approved hurricane protection for single-family dwelling units. Source: Building Code Advisory Board,www.co.palm-beach.fl.us/pzb/Building/bcab/docs/windowfilm011306.pdf
Temporary Shutters: Generally, corrugated panels that come in standard widths and can be joined to cover wider openings. Plywood Other materials: aluminum, steel, polycarbonate plastic Permanent Shutters: Colonial Roll-downs Accordion Awning Installed by a professional. Permanent or Temporary Shutters Source: Federal Alliance for Safe Homes
Proper Installation • For all shutter types, proper installation is crucial! • Improper installation will compromise performance. • Attached is a Federal Alliance for Safe Homes publication about plywood shutter installation: Emergency Board-up (click to link) • For further information, visit their website: • www.flash.org
Pros: Relatively inexpensive. Available in galvanized metal, aluminum, or polycarbonate panels. Usually available at local hardware stores. Easy to replace. Easier to handle than plywood. Can protect any size opening. Cons: Temporary protection. (requires installation when hurricane warnings are issued) Requires storage. Should only be used for opening protection on first floors. Temporary Storm Panels Source: Federal Alliance for Safe Homes
Homeowner Instructions for Installing Temporary Shutters • Instructions and Tips for Homeowners • Installing Shutter Panels with a Header Track – Click for a publication from the St. Lucie County Extension Office
Pros: Permanently installed on the house. Easy to operate. Can be installed on second floor openings. Cons: Aesthetics might not be desirable by some homeowners - since they are permanently installed. The cost of these shutters is considerably more than plywood or metal panel shutters. Must use ladder to operate on second floors. Accordion Shutters Source: Federal Alliance for Safe Homes
Pros: Permanently installed on the house. Can be designed to be aesthetically pleasing- if they are integrated into the design of the house. Easy to operate from the inside of the house. No need to climb ladder outside to operate. Provides added security from break-ins. Cons: Aesthetics might not be desirable by some homeowners. The cost of these shutters is considerably more than plywood or metal panel shutters and accordion shutters . Roll-up shutters Source: Federal Alliance for Safe Homes
Pros: Permanently installed on the house. Aesthetically pleasing. Easy to operate. Can be installed on second floor openings. Cons: The cost of these shutters is considerably more than plywood or metal panel shutters and accordion shutters. Must use ladder to operate on second floors. Colonial Shutters
Pros: Permanently installed on the house. No visible difference from that of a regular window. No need to operate anything. The protection is 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Can be installed on all openings. Provides added security from break-ins. Cons: Cost is considerably more than plywood or metal panel shutters and accordion shutters. Replacing cracked windows must be completed by certified installer. Replacing cracked windows more costly than regular windows. Impact Resistant Window Units
Newer Products • Fabric • Screens • Good option for large openings such as lanai or patio. • Materials are easy to store and light weight. • Generally two installation methods for fabric & screen products: • Fastening around the window. • Slanting away from the structure.
Fabric or Screen Products- Installation Methods • Fastening around window unit. • Slanting away from structure: • May be a good option for large window area that is tempered glass. (example: sliding glass doors) • This installation methods makes it less likely window will break. • If the window does happen to break, wind & rain can get inside.
Calculating the Cost • The Federal Alliance for Safe Homes has an interactive calculator to help you estimate the cost of hurricane shutters • www.blueprintforsafety.org/tools/shuttertoolhome.aspx
Additional Information • Attached is a publication from the University of Florida/IFAS that has a summary of window shutter options • Install Window Shutters (PDF file) – click here to link.
Reviewers Betty Alpaugh Program Director Florida House Learning Center Karla Lenfesty Windstorm Mitigation Specialist St. Lucie County Extension George Rogers Extension Agent III, Windstorm Damage Mitigation/Energy Escambia County Extension Kathleen Ruppert Educational Materials and Program Development Florida Energy Extension
Sources • Federal Alliance for Safe Homes • www.flash.org • www.blueprintforsafety.org • Florida House Learning Center • http://sarasota.extension.ufl.edu/FHLC/flahouse.html • University of Florida Energy Extension Service
Sources: • “A Short Lesson in Building Effective Shutters” • Stan Goldenberg • http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/shutters/index2.html • Downloaded Nov 2005