1950’s American Culture If only the Gov’t. came up with some dumb way to protect me.
Fashion Women Dresses blouses Skirts Pants Hair Swimsuits Shoes Makeup Prom and Evening Dresses Teenagers Men Hair Suits Shirts Hats Shoes Music of the 1950’s Houses Levittowns Community Planning House Styles Floor Plans Plans Apartments Regulations Notable 50’s Events Inventions Fads Slang 1950’s American Culture
Alan Freed Cleveland DJ coins the term Rock and Roll Sam Phillips owner of Sun Records in Memphis Alan Freed and Sam Phillips Alan Freed Sam Phillips
Owned by Sam Phillips Memphis, TN Johnny Cash, Elvis, Sam Perkins, and Jerry Lee Lewis “The Million Dollar Quartet” Sun Records
Coined Bubble Gum Music because of its sweet sound and nice lyrics Light Melodies Innocent Lyrics Wholesome Singers Music reflected the Post W.W.II good feelings Artists such as Perry Como, Rosemary Clooney, and Pat Boone Dominated the charts 1950-1954 Music
1950-1954 Music Overview Freed and Phillips Sun Records 1955 Influential Songs 1956 American Bandstand The Rat Pack 1957 1958 1959 Music of the 1950’s
Frank Sinatra Dean Martin Lauren Bacall Judy Garland Humphrey Bogart Sammy Davis Jr. Peter Lawford Joey Bishop Cast in the 1960’s The Rat Pack
Begin in 1952 as a local show in Philadelphia 1956 ABC picks it up as a national show Dick Clark becomes the host Starts off as a daily show, then becomes weekly in 1963 American Bandstand Theme song Moves to LA in 1964 Jerry Lee Lewis performs the first song on the national edition- “Whole Lotta Shaking Going On” Dick Clark’s podium that he stood at, is now in the Smithsonian. B.B. King is the only performer to not lip sync on American Bandstand American Bandstand
American Bandstand Theme Song • "Bandstand Boogie"Music by Charles Albertine Words by Barry Manilow and Bruse Sussman"We're goin' hoppin' (Hop!) We're goin' hopin' today Where things are poppin'(Pop!) The Philadelphia way We're goin' drop in (Drop!)On all the music they play On the Bandstand.! "
Elvis takes over The Platters Frankie Lymon and the Teenagers Johnny Cash Little Richard 1956
Buddy Holly Everly Brothers Fats Domino Pat Boone Chuck Berry 1957 was the last year in the history of Rock in which all of the year end Top Ten artists were American 1957
Jerry Lee Lewis’ marriage Danny and the Juniors Chimpmunks Connie Francis Little Anthony Elvis is in the Army 1958
The day the music dies Ritchie Valens, Big Bopper, and Buddy Holly all killed in a plane crash Paul Anka Bobby Darin 1959
Chess Records in Chicago signs Chuck Berry Leonard Chess is introduced to Berry by Muddy Waters Bill Haley and His Comets have a hit with “Rock around the Clock” Chuck Berry record Maybellene which was called Ida Red Berry had been studying cosmetology before this song 1955
1955 • 1955 spawned five titles considered by the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame to be among the 500 Most Influential - Ain't That a Shame (Fats Domino), Earth Angel (The Penguins), Mannish Boy (Muddy Waters), Maybellene (Chuck Berry), and Rock Around the Clock (Bill Haley and the Comets).
1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 Inventions of the 1950’s
1950 • Zenith introduces "lazy bones" tuning - change all television stations from the comfort of your easy chair. Hand held device plugs into TV • Antihistamines enter popular use for treatment of allergies and head-colds. • Leo Fender's guitar company introduced their Broadcaster and Esquire models, the first mass-produced solid body electric guitars. • Telephone Answering Machine created by Bell Laboratories and Western Electric.
1951 • UNIVAC 1 First commercial computer. • A.E.C. (Atomic Energy Commission) produces electricity from atomic energy. • Super glue invented. • American automobile manufacturer Chrysler Corporation introduces power steering., which they called Hydraguide. • Charles Ginsburg invented the first videotape recorder (VTR). • J. Andre-Thomas invents the first heart-lung machine, allowing advanced life-support during open-heart surgery. • Still camera gets built-in flash units.
1952 • The first patent for bar code (US Patent #2,612,994) issued to inventors Joseph Woodland and Bernard Silver • American automobile manufacturer Chrysler Corporation introduces power steering., which they called Hydraguide. • Sony, a brand new Japanese company, introduces the first pocket-sized transistor radio More
1953 • Radial tires invented. • The first musical synthesizer invented by RCA • The first 3-D movie is shown: Arch Oboler's Bwana Devil, starring Robert Stack. Learn More • Francis Crick and James Watson discover the ``double helix'' of DNA. • Con-Tact paper debuts • Dr. Jonas Salk announces discovery of the vaccine for poliomyelitis • White Rose Redi-tea is the world's first instant iced tea • Dow Chemical creates Saran Wrap • TV color broadcasting began in 1953
1954 • Oral contraceptives invented. • The first nonstick pan produced. • The solar cell invented by Chaplin, Fuller and Pearson. • The first successful kidney transplant is performed in the U.S. by Harvard physicians. The patient will survive for seven more years. • General Electric introduces colored kitchen appliances. Bye, bye white!
1955 • Tetracycline invented. • Optic fiber invented Zenith engineer Eugene Polley invented the "Flashmatic," which represented the industry's first wireless TV remote. • Gregory Pincus develops the first oral contraceptive
1956 • The first computer hard disk used. • As a result of the joint research of Sherman and Smith, the Scotchgard™ Protector was launched in the marketplace • Secretary Bette Nesmith Graham invented "Mistake Out" later renamed, Liquid Paper • The first commercial videotape recorder is introduced. The device is intended for industrial applications, and it quickly revolutionizes the way television programming is produced.
1957 • Fortran (computer language) invented. • Velcro is patented by George de Mestral of Switzerland. • Eveready produces "AA" size alkaline batteries
1958 • The modem invented. • Gordon Gould invents the laser. • The integrated circuit invented by Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce. • Sterophonic recordings, which use two separately recorded channels of sound to recreate a sense of space, come into commercial use.
1959 • The internal pacemaker invented by Wilson Greatbatch. • In 1959, Joseph-Armand Bombardier of Valcourt, Quebec, Canada patented the Ski-Doo, originally christened the Ski-Dog, but renamed because of a typographical error that Bombardier decided not to change. You know it as a snowmobile.
Notable 50’s • 19501956 • 19511957 • 19521958 • 19531959 • 1954 • 1955
1959 • The Day the Music Dies • One word: Barbie • Jiffy Pop • Last Confederate soldier dies(the South will not rise again) • Bonanza debuts • The Guggenheim • Sleeping Beauty • Vince Lombardi starts in Green Bay • Metrecal is introduced
1950 • Silly Putty is introduced • Smokey the Bear starts • Peanuts starts • 23% Divorce Rate • Average age of marriage is 22 years old • Kraft Cheese Slices are introduced
1951 • Topps sells it first complete Baseball Card set • Catcher in the Rye is published • S and H green stamps are started in Denver • Dennis the Menace is in over 750,000 newspapers • Alice in Wonderland released • First Jack in the Box opens in San Diego
1952 • Old Man and the Sea is published • Mr. Potato Head • 50,000 stricken with Polio and 3,300 die • Sugar Frosted Flakes • The Power of Positive Thinking comes out. • Gibson introduces the Les Paul guitar • Sony comes out with a transistor radio
1953 • Playboy first published; first pictorials were of Marilyn Monroe. • Jonas Salk comes up with discovery for polio • Kraft Cheese Whiz • Fahrenheit 451 is published
1954 • Sports Illustrated is Born • Burger King Opens • M & M’s come out • Lord of the Rings is published • Play Doh • Bazooka Joe Comics • Bannister breaks the 4 minute mile • TV dinner is born
1955 • Ann Landers columns starts in Chicago • Home microwave sales start $1300 • KFC starts • McDonalds starts • Disneyland opens • Ford Thunderbird debuts
1956 • Yahtzee is Born • Certs save the world from bad breath • Wizard of Oz appears on TV • Last Union soldier dies from the Civil War • Marilyn Monroe marries Arthur Miller
1957 • 47 million tv sets • Tang is introduced • West Side Story hits Broadway • Jackie Robinson • Frisbee is nationally marketed • American Bandstand Goes National: Dick Clark is the Host • On the Road is published • Ed Gein’s killing spree stops • Barry Gordy starts MoTown Records
1958 • Dr. Zhivago is published in the US. Banned in the USSR • American Express and Visa are born • HULA Hoop rolls out • Grammy Award comes out • 4,063 Drive Ins • Rice a Roni • Cocoa Krispies comes out(43% sugar)
1950’s Fads • 3-D Movies • Chlorophyll • Coonskin Caps • Think Pink • Poodles • Telephone Cramming • Burma Shave
Altho insuredRemember, kiddoThey don't pay you They payYour widow Burma-Shave SpringHas sprungThe grass has rizWhere last year'sCareless drivers is Burma-Shave Burma Shave
Proper DistanceTo him was bunk They pulled him outOf some guy's trunkBurma-Shave A beardThat's roughAnd overgrown Is better thanA chaperone Burma-Shave Burma Shave Cont’d.
Poodles • Poodles become very popular. Poodles influence everything from skirts to lamps, even hair influenced by the poodles.
Beat odor. I figured your first question would be - what is that supposed to do for you? And the answer is that it was widely believed that chlorophyll eliminated bad smells.So they added it to every kind of product imaginable. The picture at left just suggests the variety and number of items to which chlorophyll became a promotable ingredient.Yes, chlorophyll is the stuff that makes plants green. Today many people still tout the benefits of it for health. No, I don't think you can just go out and eat a shrub and get the same result.While not engaging in the debate of chlorophyll's therapeutic properties, suffice it to say that it sold well. Until "The Journal of the American Medical Association" pointed out grazing goats virtually live on chlorophyll and they smell bad just the same. Cholorphyl
Davy Crockett was a big influence on kids. These hats were very popular with the kids who liked anything to do with the West, or cowboys or indians. 100 million dollars worth of coonskin caps were sold in a year. Coonskin Caps
Starts in South Africa, goes to England, and then comes to California in 1959. Record of 25 people set in S.Africa 22 in America VW Beetle cramming also was a short-lived fad. Telephone Cramming
Pink • Formerly considered a "girlish" color, pink invaded men's wear. Yessir, pilgrims, even real tough hombres were donning pink ties, shirts, and bathrobes. Serious corporate types could be seen wearing pink under their grey flannel suits. This display of sartorial splendor was a radical departure from the drab neutral colors that once limited men's clothing choices.Pink was everywhere. There were pink bathrooms with accessories to match, pink cosmetics and of course, the ubiquitous pink poodle. And then there was Elvis with his famous pink Cadillacs.
3-D Movies • Reemerge during the 1950’s • Images appear to be coming out at you • Moviegoers are giving the 3-D glasses • Most films were sci-fi or monster movies
The misunderstood Creature Hi kids. Wanna go for a swim?