by efi santhy panjaitan n.
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By: Efi Santhy Panjaitan. Agreement. Subject-Verb Agreement. The basic rule states that a singular subject takes a singular verb, while a plural subject takes a plural verb. Notes: we have to know whether the subject singular or Plural

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subject verb agreement
Subject-Verb Agreement
  • The basic rule states that a singular subject takes a singular verb, while a plural subject takes a plural verb.
  • Notes:
  • we have to know whether the subject singular or Plural
  • we have to recognize whether a singular or plural verb

fie_itan

1 subject verb agreement is separated by prepositional phrase

1. Subject – verb agreement is separated by prepositional phrase

Example;

1. Thestudy of languages is very interesting

2. Severaltheories on this subject have been debated

3. The fear of rape and robbery hascaused many people to flee the cities

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2. Subject with compound subject has the verb in pluralwhile if it is thought together as one person, one thing so the compound subject will be singular.

Example:

1. Tigor and his brother are students

2. Room and board is $30,- per month (when you think them as one)

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3. When a singular and plural subject are connected byeither/or, neither/nor put the verb of the sentence in accordance with the subject near it.

Example:

1. neither jenny or the othersare available

2. the boy or the girlis waiting for me

3. neither the managers nor the secretarywants to leave.

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4. The indefinite pronouns such as: each, every, either, neither, one, every one, anyone, someone, anybody, everybody, somebody are singular and required singular verb.

Example:

  • every one of these apples is wormy
  • each of the girls sings well.

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5. Several indefinite pronouns are with verb plural:* several, some, a few, all, most, one-third, if you think is plural subject so the verb in the sentence become plural verb, and on the contrary.

Example:

  • 1. Some of the students are in the yard
  • 2. Some of the student is in the yard
  • 3. All of the pie is gone.
  • 4. All of the pies are gone.
  • 5. One-third of the people are unemployed.
  • 6. One-third of the city is unemployed.

fie_itan

none also can take either a singular or plural verb depending on the noun which follows it
* None also can take either a singular or plural verb, depending on the noun which follows it.

Example:

  • 1. None of the counterfeit money has been found
  • 2. None of the students have finished the exam yet

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6. Collective noun as subject:* indicating a number of people or animals are singular. In some cases they are plural if the sentence indicates that individual members are acting separately.Example: army, group, class, family, organization, team, government, union, jury, flock, herd, etc.

Example:

  • the organizationhas lost many members this year.
  • our teamis going to win the game
  • the majoritybelieves that we are in no danger
  • the majority of the studentsbelieve him to be innocent.
  • the flock of birdsis circling overhead

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* indicating time, money, measurementExample:1. twenty-five dollars is too much to pay the shirt2. fifty minutes isn’t enough time to finish the quiztwo miles is too much to run in a day

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7 the expression the number is followed by singular verb while a number is followed by plural verb
7. The expression the number is followed by “singular verb” while a number is followed by “plural verb”.

Example:

  • 1. a number of dresseswear at the party
  • 2. the number of dresseswears at the party

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8 sentences beginning with the existential there the subjects are actually after the verb
8. Sentences beginning with the existential ‘there’, the subjects are actually after the verb.

Example:

  • there is ice- cream in the glass
  • there was a student in the room last night
  • there are many oranges on the table

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