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Is Sex an Addiction?. By: Kelly Dawald Minnesota State University Moorhead. Brief Overview. Addiction Sex Addiction Two Sides of Debate Evaluation of Sides Conclusion. What is Addiction?. Definition of addiction according to the DSM-III-R (Goodman, 1990) Powerlessness & Unmanageability

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is sex an addiction

Is Sex an Addiction?

By: Kelly Dawald

Minnesota State University Moorhead

brief overview
Brief Overview
  • Addiction
  • Sex Addiction
  • Two Sides of Debate
  • Evaluation of Sides
  • Conclusion
what is addiction
What is Addiction?
  • Definition of addiction according to the DSM-III-R (Goodman, 1990)
    • Powerlessness & Unmanageability
  • Webster’s Definition of addiction (2006)
    • Psychological or physiological dependence on anything; a compulsion.
  • Permanent Disorder of the Brain (Psychology Today, 2004)
what is sex addiction
What is Sex Addiction?
  • Sexual activity that goes beyond normal practices to point of losing control(Ewald, 2003)
  • Consequences
  • Addicted to neuro-chemical changes
sexual addiction
Sexual Addiction
  • 15 million people affected in U.S.(Carnes)
  • Characteristics of sex addiction(www.sexaddictionhelp.com)
    • Sex is shameful
    • Sex is a secret (e.g. Pastors)
    • Sexual behavior is abusive
  • Stems from an unhealthy childhood(Ewald, 2003)
sexual addiction cont d
Sexual Addiction (Cont’d)
  • Narcissistic Personality(Birchard, 2004)
    • Carried into adulthood
    • Try to find ways to reduce pain, may turn into an addiction
  • Why addicted to sex?
    • Preoccupation with sex
    • Prevalence of sex in childhood
sexual addiction cont d1
Sexual Addiction (Cont’d)
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder(DSM-IV-TR)
    • Need for admiration
    • Fantasies
    • Interpersonally exploitative
    • Arrogant behaviors
addiction cycle
Addiction Cycle
  • Four Stage Cycle(Hall, 2006)
    • Preoccupation Stage
    • Ritualization Stage
    • Engaging in Sexual Act
    • Despair
    • Repeat…
media and the internet
Media and the Internet
  • Sex is everywhere(Longo-Disse, 2006)
  • Sex sells!
  • Accessibility to sex on internet
    • 4.2 million porn sites, 12% of all websites (Hall, 2006)

“Virtual Cheating”(Daneback et al., 2006)

dsm iv tr dependence
DSM-IV-TR Dependence
  • Criteria for dependence(Hagedorn & Juhnke, 2005)
    • Certain drugs listed don’t have any physiological dependence
    • 3 of 7 criteria has to be met
    • Tolerance and withdrawal not essential
sex addiction evaluation
‘Sex Addiction’ Evaluation
  • Stems from childhood
  • Means of coping with psychological pain
  • Definition of addiction
  • Narcissistic Personality traits
  • Sex can be related to substances that are actually diagnosed as dependence
labeling perspective
Labeling Perspective
  • Mental illnesses are culturally constructed because of ideas that deviate from the norm(Levine & Troiden, 1988)
  • Nominal Fallacy: give something a name to understand it
    • Circular Reasoning
explanation for mental disorders
Explanation for Mental Disorders
  • Constructed by health professionals to create order in society(Levine & Troiden, 1988)
  • Placing stigmatizing labels to behaviors out of the norm
  • Feel better about the unknown when it has a name
    • Sense of understanding
addiction
Addiction
  • Affected by certain primary factors(Peele, 2000)
    • Cultural
      • Social & Ethnic Factors
    • Situational
      • Traumatic, Developmental, & Ritualistic Factors
    • Cognitive
      • Beliefs & Social Learning
    • Values
      • Stable & Evolving Values
sex is not an addiction evaluation
‘Sex is not an Addiction’ Evaluation
  • Mental disorders are socially constructed
  • Created to enforce conformity in society
  • Addiction is based off of your values
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Still a heated debate
  • Sex as an addiction has more scientific reasoning
  • Discussion of including sexual addiction and compulsivity into DSM-V (Delmonico, 2005)
  • Additional research needed
the end
THE END
  • Thank You
  • Questions?