Vocational Education Since 1900. The Need. The public was disenchanted with the school system in the early 1900s. Schools were out-of-touch with the realities of the real world There was a need for a different type of education. Another Need.
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The Morrill Act has proven to be the beginning … for really carrying vocational education to the masses of our people.
Tidbit: Since the person (Charles Prosser) who wrote the bill was Director of the National Society for the Promotion of Industrial Education, the word promotion might allude to this organization
Tidbit: State supervisors of each vocational subject were given authority over the teacher trainers. Federal level
supervisors checked the qualifications and approved of the
hiring of teacher educators. Many universities became very dependent upon federal funds to pay vocational teacher educators. When this funding was abolished it created shock waves in many states and institutions of higher education.
Ag and T&I had regional offices.Two Ag supervisors worked the South; one was for Black schools.
In 1920 one region was eliminated and all the regional people moved to Washington.
Acres in crop production
Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1918
Good times soon followed
Subsequent Vocational Education Acts
From the Depression to Sputnik
Link to a Summary of the NDEA Act
Subsistence farming on Native American reservations
Establish and operate centers of rural technology
Outreach and assistance for socially disadvantaged farmers
Rural health and safety education
Nutrition education and consumer education
1890 extension workLegislative Mandates for Extension
Farm safety and rural health
Pesticide impact assessment
Financially stressed and/or dislocated farmers
Food safetyLegislative Mandates for Extension
Various minor amendments and laws have mandated that Extension work in the following areas: