REVIEW of the ANKLE and FOOT - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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REVIEW of the ANKLE and FOOT

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  1. REVIEW of the ANKLE and FOOT

  2. Name the muscle and its actions • Flexor digitorum longus • Actions: • toe flexion • plantar flexion, • inversion of the foot

  3. Name the three part of the stance phase • Heel-strike • Mid-stance • Toe-off

  4. Calcaneus Talus Navicular 1st Cuneiform 2nd Prox. Phalange Distal Phalanges Cuboid Metatarsals

  5. What muscle is most closely associated with Anterior Compartment Syndrome? • Tibialis Anterior

  6. Name the muscles and their actions • Extensor hallicus longus • Actions: • Extension of big toe • Dorsiflexion • Inversion of the foot • Peroneous tertius • Action: • Dorsiflexion • Eversion

  7. Name the muscle and its actions • Tibialis anterior • Actions: • Dorsiflexion • Inversion.

  8. Name the muscle and its actions • Peroneus longus muscle • Actions: • Eversion • Plantar flexion

  9. Name the arch in the top picture and in the bottom picture. Lateral longitudinal arch Medial longitudinal arch

  10. Name the muscle and its actions • Flexor hallicus longus • Actions: • Flexion of the big toe • Plantar flexion • Inversion

  11. Name the muscle and its actions • Peroneus longus muscle • Actions: • Eversion • Plantar flexion

  12. Name the landmark Lateral Malleolus

  13. Name the ligament. Deltoid Ligament

  14. Name the muscle and its actions • Extensor digitorum longus • Actions: • Toe extension • Dorsiflexion • Eversion

  15. Calcaneus • Cuboid • 5th metatarsal • Phalange • Lateral malleolus • Tiba

  16. Name the muscle its two actions • Gastrocnemius • Actions: • plantar flexion • flexion of the knee

  17. Name the arch Transverse arch - anterior tarsal bones and the metatarsals. 5th metatarsal – 1st metatarsal

  18. Name the muscle and its actions • Tibialis posterior • Actions: • plantar flexion • inversion of the foot

  19. Name the actions ? ? Eversion Inversion

  20. Name the muscle and its actions • Flexor digitorum longus • Actions: • toe flexion • plantar flexion, • inversion of the foot

  21. Name the action • Plantar flexion

  22. Name the muscle and its actions • Peroneus brevis • Actions: • Plantar flexion • Eversion

  23. Dorsi Flexion 1. Name the action 2. Name the action Plantar Flexion

  24. 1. Name the muscle and its actions 1 • Plantaris • Action: • plantar flexion 2 2. Name the muscle and its actions • Soleus • Action: • plantar flexion

  25. Name the muscle and its actions • Soleus • Action: • plantar flexion

  26. 1 is the…? Calcaneous 2 is the…? Talus 3 is the…? Navicular 4 is the…? Cuboid 5 is the…? First Cuneiform 6 is the…? Second Cuneiform 7 is the…? Third Cuneiform 8 is the…? First metatarsal 9 is the…? Proximal phalange 10 is the…? Middle phalange 11 is the…? Distal phalange

  27. Name the muscle and its actions • Extensor hallicus longus • Actions: • Extension of big toe • Dorsiflexion • Inversion of the foot

  28. What muscle is most closely associated with Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome? • Tibalis Posterior.

  29. Name the arch colored in red. • Lateral Longitudinal - calcaneous, cuboid, and 4th and 5th metatarsals. • Name the arch colored in green • Medial Longitudinal- calcaneous, talus, navicular, 3 cuneifroms, 3 medial metatarsals

  30. Name the muscle and its actions • Peroneus brevis • Actions: • Plantar flexion • Eversion

  31. Name the muscle and its actions • Tibialis anterior • Actions: • Dorsiflexion • Inversion.

  32. Name the muscle and its actions • Tibialis posterior • Actions: • plantar flexion • inversion of the foot

  33. What is Exertional Compartment Syndrome? • Excessive pressure inside one of the lower leg compartment. 2. Why is it a serious injury? • The blood supply can be compromised.

  34. Name the muscle and its actions • Flexor hallicus longus • Actions: • Flexion of the big toe • Plantar flexion • Inversion

  35. Name the muscle and its actions • Extensor digitorum longus • Actions: • Toe extension • Dorsiflexion • Eversion

  36. Name the three arches of the foot. • Medial longitudinal arch • Lateral longitudinal arch • Transverse arch

  37. Name the muscle its two actions • Gastrocnemius • Actions: • plantar flexion of the foot • flexion of the knee

  38. Where is the plantar fascia found? • On the plantar surface of the foot running from the calcaneus to the metatarsals. • What is plantar fasciitis? • Plantar fasciitis is inflammation of the plantar fascia.

  39. Name the muscle and its actions • Tibialis posterior • Actions: • plantar flexion • inversion of the foot

  40. Name the landmark Medial Malleolus

  41. Name the muscle and its actions • Peroneous tertius • Action: • Dorsiflexion • Eversion

  42. Name the landmark Medial Malleolus

  43. Anterior Talofibular Posterior Talofibular Calcanofibular Lateral Collateral Ligament 2 1 3

  44. Name the landmark Lateral Malleolus

  45. What is turf toe • A sprain that occurs at the metatarsal phalangeal joint of the great toe. • What action is associated with truf toe? • Extension or hyperextion of the great toe.

  46. Name the muscle and its actions • Peroneus longus muscle • Actions: • Eversion • Plantar flexion

  47. Name the muscle and its actions • Peroneous tertius • Action: • Dorsiflexion • Eversion

  48. Name the muscle and its actions • Flexor hallicus longus • Actions: • Flexion of the big toe • Plantar flexion • Inversion

  49. Name the action • Inversion

  50. Name them all 1. Calcaneous 2. Talus 3. Navicular 4. Cuboid 5. First Cuneiform 6.Second Cuneiform 7.Third Cuneiform 8. Third Metatarsal (and Fifth Metatarsal)