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  1. PENING low the Shofar 2 2 2 2

  2. PENING Why do we blow the Shofar? Exodus 19:16 “On the morning of the third day there was thunder and lightning, with a thick cloud over the mountain, and there was the sounding of a very loud SHOFAR blast. Everyone in the camp trembled.” Because this is the way G-D begins sacred assemblies 3 3 3 3

  3. abbath Lighting Baruch Attaw Adoni Elohaynu Melech Ha Olam Asher kidshanu bimitzvotav venatanu lechad likner shell Shabbat 4 4 4 4 4

  4. HEMA ISRAELHear oh Israel Shema Israel Adoni Elohaynu (Hear oh Israel the L-RD our G-D) Adoni Echad (The L-RD is one) 5 5 5 5 5

  5. hy do we recite/sing the SHEMA? Because Messiah said it was the greatest Commandment Mark 12:28-29 28 And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that He had answered them well, asked Him, “Which is the greatest commandment of all?” 29 And Jesus answered him, “The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord:” 6 6 6 6 6

  6. e-nay Ma TovBehold how good - Psalm 133:1Am He-Nay Maw tove Behold how good Oo-maw nye—eem And how pleasant it is Shevet aw-heem For brothers to dwell Gum Yaw Hawd In unity 7 7 7

  7. menCL 3A A-men ….A-men….A-men, A-men, A-men Baw-rouk Ha-Shem, Baw-rouk Ha-Shem, Blessed be the Name, blessed be the Name Baw-rouk Ha-Shem Me-she-ach Blessed be the Name of Messiah 8 8 8

  8. -Seh ShalomCL3 Play Em Em O-seh Shalom Beem rue-mawv Am D7 G Em Who yah-seh Shalom aw-lay-nu Am D7 G V'al kol Yees-raw-ale Em Am Em Bf7 Em B'-eem rue Eem rue Ah- main  -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Em Am D7 G Ya-a-seh sha-lom Ya-a-seh sha-lom G Bf7 Em Shalom aw-lay-new V’al kol Yees-raw-ale Sing twice 2X 9 9 9

  9. ring our gifts to the altar We Bring Our Sacrifice With Praise We Bring Our Sacrifice With Praise Unto the House of the LORD (2 X) And we offer unto Him Our sacrifices with thanksgiving And we offer unto Him Our sacrifices with joy 10

  10. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua So now that we understand that the Gospels are Yeshua’s Mishna, we can do some comparisons. 11

  11. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua So we’re going to look at some of the teachings of the Mishna and we’ll see what they look like compared to Yeshua’s teachings. 12

  12. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua Some of these teachings were after the time of Yeshua some were before. 13

  13. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua But it’s a win/win because it means either Yeshua was quoting them or… they were quoting Yeshua. None the less, we’ll see what they have in common. 14

  14. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua We also want to keep in mind that these teachings and sayings come from the Hebrew rather then from the Greek as do our New Testament passages. 15

  15. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua Rabbi Jonathan ben Joseph said: For the Sabbath is holy unto you. It is committed to your hands, not you to its hands. - Talmud: Yoma 85b Mishna Talmud Mishna Yeshua The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. - Mark 2:27 16

  16. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua One who betrays his fellow, it is as if he has betrayed God. - Tosefta Sh'vuot, ch. 3 Mishna Talmud Mishna Yeshua Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of the least of these, ye did it not to me. - Matthew 25:45 17

  17. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua He who publicly shames his neighbor is as though he shed blood.- Talmud: Bava Mezia 58b Mishna Talmud Mishna Yeshua Insulting someone is like murder.- Matthew 5:21-22 18

  18. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua One who gazes lustfully upon the small finger of a married woman, it is as if he has committed adultery with her.- Kallah, Ch. 1 Mishna Talmud Mishna Yeshua But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart. - Matthew 5:28 19

  19. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua Rabbi Abbahu said: The day when rain fails is greater than [the day of] the Revival of the Dead, for the Revival of the Dead is for the righteous only whereas rain is both for the righteous and for the wicked - Talmud: Taanit 7a Mishna Talmud Mishna Yeshua That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.- Matthew 5:45 20

  20. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua In the case of the recital of the Shema’, since everybody else recites, and he also recites, it does not look like showing off on his part; but in the case of the month of Ab, since everybody else does work and he does no work, it looks like showing off.- Talmud: Berachot 17b Mishna Talmud Mishna Yeshua Take heed that ye do not your alms before men, to be seen of them: otherwise ye have no reward of your Father which is in heaven. - Matthew 6:1 21

  21. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua What kind of charity is that which delivers a man from an unnatural death?  When a man gives without knowing to whom he gives. and the beggar receives without knowing from whom he receives. - Talmud: Bava Batra 10a - 10b Mishna Talmud Mishna Yeshua But when thou doest alms, let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth. - Matthew 6:3 22

  22. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua If one draws out his prayer and expects therefore its fulfilment, he will in the end suffer vexation of heart, as it says, Hope deferred maketh the heart sick. - Talmud: Berachot 55a Mishna Talmud Mishna Yeshua But when ye pray, use not vain repetitions, as the heathen do: for they think that they shall be heard for their much speaking.- Matthew 6:7 23

  23. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua Rabbi Eliezer declares: Whoever has a piece of bread in his basket and Says. ‘What shall I eat tomorrow?’ belongs only to them who are little in faith. - Talmud: Sotah 48b Mishna Talmud Mishna Yeshua Do not worry about where your food will come from tomorrow, or your drink. - Matthew 6:25 24

  24. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua A righteous yes is a Yes; a righteous no is No. - Talmud: Bava Batra 49b Mishna Talmud Mishna Yeshua Let your Yes be Yes and your No be No. - Matthew 5:34 25

  25. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua Rabbi Johanan said: Since the Temple was destroyed, prophecy has been taken from prophets and given to fools and children. - Talmud: Bava Batra 12b Mishna Talmud Mishna Yeshua At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes. - Matthew 11:25 26

  26. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua Come and hear what was taught: Rabbi Tarfon said, ‘If his hand touched the membrum let his hand be cut off upon his belly’. ‘But’, they said to him, ‘would not his belly be split’? ‘It is preferable’, he replied, ‘that his belly shall be split rather than that he should go down into the pit of destruction’. - Talmud: Niddah 13b Mishna Talmud Mishna Yeshua And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell.  And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off, and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell. - Matthew 5:29-30 27

  27. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua Shemaiah used to say: love work, hate acting the superior, and do not bring thyself to the knowledge of the ruling authority. - Mishnah: Avot 1:10 Mishna Talmud Mishna Yeshua But be not ye called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Christ; and all ye are brethren. - Matthew 23:8 28

  28. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua Even as R. Zera, who, whenever he chanced upon scholars engaged thereon [I.e., in calculating the time of the Messiah's coming], would say to them: I beg of you, do not postpone it, for it has been taught: Three come unawares: Messiah, a found article and a scorpion. - Talmud: Sanhedrin 97a Mishna Talmud Mishna Yeshua Therefore be ye also ready: for in such an hour as ye think not the Son of man cometh. - Matthew 24:44 29

  29. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua They who are insulted but insult not back; who hear themselves reproached but answer not; who serve out of love and rejoice in their affliction--of them it is written in Scripture: They that love God are as the going forth of the sun in its might. - Talmud: Yoma 23a, Gitin 36b, Shabat 88b Mishna Talmud Mishna Yeshua Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy.  But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you; - Matthew 5:43 30

  30. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua If a man said, "I will sin and repent, and sin again and repent", he will be given no chance to repent.   [If he said,] "I will sin and the Day of Atonement will effect atonement", then the Day of Atonement effects no atonement.   For transgressions that are between man and God the Day of Atonement effects atonement, but for transgressions that are between a man and his fellow the Day of Atonement effects atonement only if he has appeased his fellow - Mishnah: Yoma 8:9 Mishna Talmud Mishna Yeshua Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, and there rememberest that thy brother hath aught against thee; Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift. - Matthew 5:23-24 31

  31. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua So as you can see, the Pharisees and Yeshua taught along very similar lines. It is a shame when Christians berate the Pharisees because simultaneously… they berate our L-rd. 32

  32. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua Back to the teachings of the Pharisees. The Book of Macabees says this about the Pharisees… 33

  33. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua The Pharisees wished to embrace the whole people, and in particular through education. It was their desire and intention that everyone in Israel achieve holiness through the study of Torah . . . (p. 93, The Maccabees) 34

  34. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua The vast majority of the people loved and respected the Pharisees, but as with any group there were some who were in the party who were not Pharisaic at heart. 35

  35. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua And the Pharisees knew that element was plaguing them and it was written about saying… “Fear not the Pharisees even the non-Pharisees, but the hypocrites who ape the Pharisees” (Sotah 22b) 36

  36. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua Not only that, the Pharisees themselves listed 7 kinds of Pharisees… and 6 out of 7 of them were not good. 37

  37. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua Again you have to remember this is inter-Pharisaic dialogue. Just like the New Testament is inter-Judaic dialogue. 38

  38. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua If you don’t understand that, you miss the entire point. Yeshua could talk negatively about the Pharisees because He was one. 39

  39. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua Likewise other Pharisees could talk about other Pharisees because they didn’t like some of what they saw. 40

  40. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua I get very angry when I hear about corrupt Republicans. I could write a small book on everything wrong with the Republican party even though I AM a Republican. 41

  41. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua We criticize ourselves because we want things to be kept honest and we want to be honest about ourselves. Likewise with the Pharisees and here’s what they saw and despised about their own party… 42

  42. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua They said there were 7 kinds of Pharisees… 43

  43. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua The Shoulder Pharisee: This type of Pharisee was one who wore his good deeds on his shoulder – on display for all men to see. By showing all his good deeds it would put pressure on others to be as “holy” as he was. Yeshua opens his primary criticism of Pharisees in Matthew, with the mention of the “shoulder” – a reference to this commonly-labeled type of Pharisee 44

  44. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua They tie up heavy loads and put them on men’s shoulders, but they themselves are not willing to lift a finger to move them. (Matthew 23:4) 45

  45. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua 2. The Wait-a-little Pharisee: This type of Pharisee would want to wait to see how a situation played out before acting in any matter. While he agreed with Pharisee theology, he would always fall short in practice of his ‘belief’ because he wasn’t sure if he should/could/wanted to act. This type of Pharisee liked the prestige brought about by being a religious leader, but didn’t like what it actually required. 46

  46. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua 2. Yeshua spoke of these kinds of Pharisees as well in Matthew 23:5-7… Everything they do is done for men to see: They make their phylacteries wide and the tassels on their garments long; they love the place of honor at banquets and the most important seats in the synagogues; they love to be greeted in the marketplaces and to have men call them ‘Rabbi.’ 47

  47. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua 3. The Bruised or Blind Pharisee: This type of Pharisee was typified by the idea of him walking with his head down or from turning away quickly to avoid looking at a woman so no one would think they were lusting after her. So, because they weren’t looking where they were going, they would end up bruised or bleeding from their avoidance of looking at a woman all the while forgetting the more important laws. Yeshua speaks of some Pharisees as ‘blind guides’ referring to this type of Pharisee. 48

  48. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua 3. Matt. 23:23 Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You give a tenth of your spices of mint, dill and cumin. But you have neglected the more important matters of the laws like justice, mercy and faithfulness. You should have practiced the latter, without neglecting the former. You blind guides! You strain out a gnat but swallow a camel. 49

  49. Mishna Talmud, Mishna Yeshua The Hump-backed Pharisee This kind of Pharisee would walk hunched over in order to show that he was a very humble man. He would bend over and slouch his back walking this way all day so all could see his humility. On the outside it looked like they were humble, but on the inside they were white washed tombs. 50