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Thomas alva edison

Thomas alva edison

Zachar

Fifth grade

yachdav


Thomas edison
Thomas edison

  • AT A GLANCE:The modern world is an electrified world. The light bulb, in particular, profoundly changed human existence by illuminating the night and making it hospitable to a wide range of human activity. The electric light, one of the everyday conveniences that most affects our lives, was invented in 1879 by Thomas Alva Edison. He put together what he knew about electricity with what he knew about gas lights and invented a whole of electrical system.THE STORYRELATED INFOBOOKSVIDEOSWEB SITESQUOTATIONSDID YOU KNOW?Inventor:Thomas Alva EdisonCriteria:First practical. Modern prototype. Entrepreneur.Birth:February 11, 1847 in Milan, OhioDeath:October 18, 1931 in West Orange, New JerseyNationality:AmericanInvention:electric light bulb in 1879

  • Function:noun / electric light bulb / incandescent lampDefinition:An electric lamp in which a filament is heated to incandescence by an electric current. Today's incandescent light bulbs use filaments made of tungsten rather than carbon of the 1880's.Patent:223,898 (US) issued January 27, 1880Milestones:1868 Edison's first invention was a Vote Recorder 1869 Printing Telegraph 1869 Stock Ticker 1872 Automatic Telegraph 1876 Electric Pen1877 Carbon Telephone Transmitter1877 Phonograph1879 Dynamo1878 Thomas Edison founded the Edison Electric Light Company1879 Incandescent Electric Lamp1880 223,898 Thomas Edison 1/27 for Electric Lamp and Manufacturing Process1881 Electric Motor 1881 238,868 Thomas Edison 3/15 for Manufacture of Carbons for Incandescent Lamps1881 251,540 Thomas Edison 12/27 for Bamboo Carbons Filament for Incandescent Lamps1883 he observed the flow of electrons from a heated filament—the so-called "Edison effect"1886 Talking Doll1889 Edison Electric Light Company consolidated and renamed Edison General Electric Company.1890 Edison, Thomson-Houston, and Westinghouse, the "Big 3" of the American lighting industry.1892 Edison Electric Light Co. and Thomson-Houston Electric Co. created General Electric Co.1897 Projecting Kinetoscope 1900 Storage BatterycapS: Edison, Thomas Alva Edison, Incandescent Electric Lamp, electric lamp, electric light bulb, light bulb, General Electric, most U.S. patents, electric industry, inventor, biography, profile, history, inventor of, history of, who invented, invention of, fascinating facts.The Story:Thomas AlvaEdison, whose development of a practical electric light bulb, electric generating system, sound-recording device, and motion picture projector had profound effects on the shaping of modern society. His greatest invention may not have been his products but the funding and impotence he placed on his company's research and development efforts.

  • Edison was born in Milan, Ohio, on February 11, 1847. He attended school for only three months, in Port Huron, Michigan. When he was 12 years old he began selling newspapers on the Grand Trunk Railway, devoting his spare time mainly to experimentation with printing presses and with electrical and mechanical apparatus. In 1862 he published a weekly, known as the Grand Trunk Herald, printing it in a freight car that also served as his laboratory. For saving the life of a station official's child, he was rewarded by being taught telegraphy. While working as a telegraph operator, he made his first important invention, a telegraphic repeating instrument that enabled messages to be transmitted automatically over a second line without the presence of an operator.

  • Edison next secured employment in Boston and devoted all his spare time there to research. He invented a vote recorder that, although possessing many merits, was not sufficiently practical to warrant its adoption. He also devised and partly completed a stock-quotation printer. Later, while employed by the Gold and Stock Telegraph Company of New York City he greatly improved their apparatus and service. By the sale of telegraphic appliances, Edison earned $40,000, and with this money he established his own laboratory in 1876. Afterward he devised an automatic telegraph system that made possible a greater speed and range of transmission. Edison's crowning achievement in telegraphy was his invention of machines that made possible simultaneous transmission of several messages on one line and thus greatly increased the usefulness of existing telegraph lines. Important in the development of the telephone, which had recently been invented by the American physicist and inventor Alexander Graham Bell, was Edison's invention of the carbon telephone transmitter.

  • In 1877 Edison announced his invention of a phonograph by which sound could be recorded mechanically on a tinfoil cylinder. Two years later he exhibited publicly his incandescent electric light bulb, his most important invention and the one requiring the most careful research and experimentation to perfect. This new light was a remarkable success; Edison promptly occupied himself with the improvement of the bulbs and of the dynamos for generating the necessary electric current. In 1882 he developed and installed the world's first large central electric-power station, located in New York City. His use of direct current, however, later lost out to the alternating-current system developed by the American inventors Nikola Tesla and George Westinghouse.

  • In 1887 Edison moved his laboratory from Menlo Park, New Jersey, to West Orange, New Jersey, where he constructed a large laboratory for experimentation and research. (His home and laboratory were established as the Edison National Historic Site in 1955). In 1888 he invented the kinetoscope, the first machine to produce motion pictures by a rapid succession of individual views. Among his later noteworthy inventions was the Edison storage battery (an alkaline, nickel-iron storage battery), the result of many thousands of experiments. The battery was extremely rugged and had a high electrical capacity per unit of weight. He also developed a phonograph in which the sound was impressed on a disk instead of a cylinder. This phonograph had a diamond needle and other improved features. By synchronizing his phonograph and kinetoscope, he produced, in 1913, the first talking moving pictures. His other discoveries include the electric pen, the mimeograph, the microtasimeter (used for the detection of minute changes in temperature), and a wireless telegraphic method for communicating with moving trains. At the outbreak of World War I, Edison designed, built, and operated plants for the manufacture of benzene, carbolic acid, and aniline derivatives. In 1915 he was appointed president of the U.S. Navy Consulting Board and in that capacity made many valuable discoveries. His later work consisted mainly of improving and perfecting previous inventions. Altogether, Edison patented more than 1000 inventions. He was a technologist rather than a scientist, adding little to original scientific knowledge. In 1883, however, he did observe the flow of electrons from a heated filament—the so-called Edison effect—whose profound implications for modern electronics were not understood until several years later. Edison died in West Orange on October 18, 1931.

  • TO LEARN MORE

  • RELATED INFORMATION:The Entrepreneurfrom The Great Idea FinderInvention of the Incandescent Electric Lamp (Light Bulb)from The Great Idea FinderHistory of Electricityfrom The Great Idea Finder

  • ON THE BOOKSHELF:Brainstorm!: The Stories of Twenty American Kid Inventorsby Tom Tucker, Richard Loehle / Paperback - 144 pages  / Sunburst (1998)The stories of twenty ingenious young Americans who have filed patents with the United States Patent Office, including Chester Greenwood who invented ear muffs, Ralph Samuelson, originator of water-skiing, and Vanessa Hess who created colored car wax.100 Inventions That Shaped World Historyby Bill Yenne, Morton, Dr. Grosser (Editor) / Paperback - 112 pages (1983) / Bluewood Books  This book contains inventions from all around the world from microchips to fire. This is a really good book if you are going to do research on inventions. Edison: Inventing the Centuryby Neil Baldwin / Paperback: 532 pages / University of Chicago Press, Reprint edition (April 2001) An account of the life of inventor Thomas Edison, focusing on his intellectual contributions, his absorption in his work, the mythology that developed and was cultivated about him, and the cultural context in which he produced his inventions.At Work With Thomas Edison: 10 Business Lessons from America's Greatest Innovatorby Blaine McCormick, John P. Keegan / Paperback: 254 pages / Entrepreneur Media Inc.( 2001) In addition to patenting over 1,000 inventions, Edison was a capable businessman who recognized that innovation is a business, emphasizing the importance of creating a company that produces more than just one good idea.Thomas A. Edison: A Streak of LuckRobert Conot / Paperback / Published 1986This book reveals the Thomas Edison you didn't learn about in elementary school. It is insightful and intelligently written. Perseverance: The Story of Thomas Alva Edisonby Peter Murray, Robin Lawrie (Illustrator) / School & Library Binding (August 1997) / Childs WorldTraces the life of the man who invented the phonograph, light bulb, and motion picture camera, with an emphasis on the value of perseverance in his achievementsEmpires of Light : Edison, Tesla, Westinghouse, and the Race to Electrify the Worldby Jill Jones / Hardcover: 432 pages / Random House; (August 19, 2003) The genius of such poet-scientists as Nikola Tesla depended on the more finely tuned business skills of George Westinghouse and the towering capital of J.P. Morgan to achieve actualization.

  • ON THE SCREEN:Edison TechDVD / 1 Volume Set / 50 Minutes / Biography / Less than $25.00He was the father of the future...electric lights, power systems, motion pictures, recorded sound--even the tattoo pen. Life as we know it would be inconceivable without the prodigious output of Thomas Alva EdisonThomas EdisonDVD / 1 Volume Set / 50 Minutes / Biography / Less than $25.00 Life in the modern world would be unthinkable without his inventions. More than any other individual, he paved the way for the future. Thomas Alva Edison has rightly earned a place among the most important men in history..Power PlantsDVD / 1 Volume Set / 50 Minutes / History Channel / Less than $25.00 / Also VHSThough the basic technology has remained constant for decades, continual improvements and refinements have made them far more efficient and powerfulMansions, Monuments & MasterpiecesDVD / 1 Volume Set / 50 Minutes / A&E / 74281 / Less than $25.00One illuminated America. The other put the nation on the road. Thomas Edison and Henry Ford transformed the world with their inventions. They shared a friendship that spanned decades. And the fortunes they made allowed them to create remarkable homes and estates.Young Tom Edison(1940) Black & White, (VHS) NTSC / Rated: NR / ASIN: 6302922941 Starring: Mickey Rooney, Director: Norman TaurogIEdison, the Man(1940) Black & White, (VHS) NTSC / Rated: NR /  ASIN: 6302208912  Starring: Spencer Tracy, Director: Clarence Brown, Peter GodfreyEdison: The Wizard of LightColor, Closed-captioned, Dolby, Full length, Surround Sound / Rated: NR / ASIN: B00000K0B6ON THE WEB:EdisonianThis site presented by the Edisonian Museum offers photographs and descriptions of many of Thomas Edison's inventions.(URL: www.edisonian.com/)Thomas A. Edison PapersThis site makes available a searchable document database and some of the editorial materials from over 250,000 printed pages.(URL: edison.rutgers.edu)Thomas Alva Edison's InventionsEdison was awarded 1,368 separate and distinct patents during his lifetime. He passed away at age 84 on October 18th, 1931 - on the anniversary date of his invention of the incandescent bulb. (URL: www.thomasedison.com/Inventions.htm)Edison National Historic SiteOperated by the National Park Service This site consists of Thomas Alva Edison's research and development laboratory and his home, Glenmont. (URL: www.nps.gov/edis/)Thomas Edison's PatentsEdison executed the first of his 1,093 successful U.S. patent applications on 13 October 1868, at the age of 21. His patents are presented here in two lists—by execution date and by patent date. (URL: edison.rutgers.edu/patents.htm)National Inventors Hall of FameLocated at Inventure Place, the online home of creative minds.Thomas Edison was inducted in 1973 for his invention of the Electric Lamp Patent Number 223,898.(URL: www.invent.org/hall_of_fame/50.html)Invention Dimension - Inventor of the WeekCelebrates inventor/innovator role models through outreach activities and annual awards to inspire a new generation of American scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs. Featured Thomas Alva Edison for his invention of the Electric Light Bulb.(URL: web.mit.edu/invent/iow/edison.html)Edison's Menlo Park LaboratoryFrom 1876 to 1882, Thomas Edison and his skilled assistants created a multitude of new inventions at his Menlo Park, New Jersey laboratory. These reconstructed buildings in Greenfield Village represent Edison's greatest invention: the industrial research laboratory.(URL: www.hfmgv.org/exhibits/edison/default.asp)Thomas Alva Edison's InventionsEdison was awarded 1,368 separate and distinct patents during his lifetime. He passed away at age 84 on October 18th, 1931 - on the anniversary date of his invention of the incandescent bulb. (URL: www.thomasedison.com/Inventions.htm)Edison Companies and Business AssociatesA list of the major Edison and Edison-related companiesfrom A.B. Dick to Vitascope.(URL: edison.rutgers.edu/ecopart3.htm)WORDS OF WISDOM:"Be courageous! Whatever setbacks America has encountered, it has always emerged as a stronger and more prosperous nation.... Be brave as your fathers before you. Have faith and go forward!" -Thomas Alva Edison"Patent all your ideas, and get yourself a good lawyer." - Thomas Alva Edison"Just because something doesn't do what you planned it to do doesn't mean it's useless." -Thomas Alva Edison

  • DID YOU KNOW?:

  • Edison received his first patent, of the more than 1,000 patents, in 1868 for a vote counter intended to speed up proceedings in Congress.

  • Edison'e first successful invention was the stock ticker.

  • In 1877, Edison produced the first Phongraph.

  • He passed away at age 84 on October 18th, 1931 - on the anniversary date of his invention of the incandescent bulb.

  • In 1878 Edison was appointed Chevalier of the Legion of Honor of France and in 1889 was made Commander of the Legion of Honor. In 1892 he was awarded the Albert Medal of the Society of Arts of Great Britain.

  • In 1928 received the Congressional Gold Medal "for development and application of inventions that have revolutionized civilization in the last century


Fact file
Fact file

  • Inventor:thomas alva edison

  • Birth:february 11,1847 in milan, ohio

  • Death:october 18,1931in west orange,new jersey

  • Nationality:american

  • Invention:electric light bulb in 1879.


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