ancient greece n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Ancient Greece PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Ancient Greece

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 19

Ancient Greece - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 188 Views
  • Uploaded on

Ancient Greece. I. Early Civilizations. A. Minoans 1. Lived on Crete; built palace in Knossus 2. 2000 B.C. – 1400 B.C.; traders throughout Mediterranean. B. Mycenaeans. 1. Settled in Greece about 2000 B.C.; dominated Greece from about 1600 B.C.-1100 B.C.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Ancient Greece' - brenna-gilbert


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
i early civilizations
I. Early Civilizations

A. Minoans

  • 1. Lived on Crete; built palace in Knossus
  • 2. 2000 B.C. – 1400 B.C.; traders throughout Mediterranean
b mycenaeans
B. Mycenaeans
  • 1. Settled in Greece about 2000 B.C.; dominated Greece from about 1600 B.C.-1100 B.C.
  • 2. Learned from the Minoans – writing system and artistic design
  • 3. southern Greece; fortified cities
c trojan war
C. Trojan War
  • 1. @ 1250 B.C. – Mycenaeans attack city of Troy(trading city in Anatolia)
  • 2. Wanted control of trade routes from Mediterranean Sea to Black Sea??
  • 3. War lasted 10 years; Myceneans win (Trojan Horse)
  • 4. The Illiad and The Odyssey – oral history of the wars eventually written by Homer
  • 5. Trojan prince kidnap the wife of a Greek king??
d the dark age of greece dorian period
D. The Dark Age of Greece – Dorian Period
  • 1. After Trojan War, Greece conquered by Dorians
  • 2. Many skills, including writing, were lost – learned history by word of mouth; epics important
  • 3. Many fled; this is when the Greeks adopted the Phoenician alphabet
ii the greek city states
II. The Greek City-States
  • A. Geography
    • 1. “lived around the seas” because it is made up of a peninsula & many islands
    • 2. Mountainous, very little farmland (1/4 of land) a. since mountains divided land, they developed into smaller independent communities
    • 3. Being close to the seas helped with resource shortages – access to regions with resources - depended on trade and fishing for survival
    • 4. City-states grew independent of each other; various gods, cultures
b athens democracy
B. Athens *democracy*
  • 1. Named for Athena, goddess of wisdom
  • 2. Trade linked Athens to other cultures & ideas
  • 3. Solon – leader who made democratic reforms; let all Athenian citizens participate in the assembly
  • 4. Cliesthenes – 507 B.C. – created Athenian legislature/Council of Five Hundred
more athens
….more Athens
  • 5. Athenian Citizenship
    • a. considered a right and a privilege
    • b. At 18, free men took an oath to defend the city and its gods
    • c. Served two years of military training
    • d. Education very important; free discussion
    • e. Sports and gymnastics encouraged
  • 6. Women – no rights; lived in seclusion; married man selected by parents
  • 7.Helots – peasants forces to stay on the land they worked (…Sparta)
  • 8. Religion – polytheistic; 12 gods; main god – Zeus
slide10

9. Government

    • a. Polis – independent city-state; main political unit of ancient Greece1. Advantages: small; easy to control; centralized2. Disadvantages: little territory; many nearby rivals; greater chance for conflict
    • b. Acropolis – highest point in city-state; location of temple and meeting place for citizens
    • c. Phalanx – military formation that required many soldiers with spears and shields
  • 10. Athenian democracy vs. American democracy
    • Athens: only adult male property owners could participate; citizens govern
    • America: participation is open to all over 18; elected representatives govern
c sparta military
C. Sparta *military*
  • 1. Built a strong army to stop revolts within city
  • 2. Ruled by a monarchy; no individual rights
  • 3. Military dominated way of life; controlled everyone’s life from birth to death
  • 4. Sickly babies left to die; military training for boys began at age 7
  • 5. Women expected to have boys for the army; loyal to husband, Sparta
iii a century of wars
III. A Century of Wars
  • A. The Persian Wars
    • 1. Persian Empire led by Cyrus, largest in world
    • 2. Greek city-states in Asia Minor (Lydia) revolt; Athens helps
    • 3. Persia attacks Athens, other city-states come to defense
    • 4. Persians (led by Darius) defeated at the Battle of Marathon
    • 5. Athens builds a strong Navy for trade and defense
    • 6. Xerxes – leads final Persian attack; defeated; Greeks win Persian Wars
    • 7. Athens gains power and prestige and used it to dominate other city-states
b the golden age of athens
B. The Golden Age of Athens
  • 1. Time period after Persian Wars; Athens leads Greek culture and politics
  • 2. Time of classical art, drama, and philosophers
  • 3. Delian League – formed by Greek city-states in Delos; defense alliance
  • 4. Pericles – elected king of Athens; promoted arts and learning
  • 5. Direct Democracy – all Athenian citizens could vote and attend assembly
c the peloponnesian wars
C. The Peloponnesian Wars
  • 1. Wars between Athens and other city-states, led by Sparta
  • 2. Athens won sea battles, Sparta on land
  • 3. Wars last 27 years; Sparta wins final battle in Sicily
  • 4. Athens remains cultural center; loses political power
iv spread of greek civilization
IV. Spread of Greek Civilization
  • A. King Phillip of Macedonia (just north of Greece)
    • 1. Admired Greeks; set out to conquer Greek world
    • 2. Greek city-states did not join forces; weak from Peloponnesian wars; well trained Macedonian army
    • 3. Defeated Athens and Thebes
    • 4. Bigger goal: conquer Persia – died before he could do so
b alexander the great
B. Alexander the Great
  • 1. Phillip’s son; took over empire at 20
  • 2. Taught by Aristotle; admired Greek culture
  • 3. Conquered Persia, Asia Minor, and Egypt; makes Babylon capital
  • 4. Began marching towards India but his army mutinied
  • 5. Died at age 32; spread Greek culture from Indus River to Nile in the South
c hellenistic civilization
C. Hellenistic Civilization
  • 1. Established by Alexander to unite his empire
  • 2. Mixture of Greek, Persian, Indian, and Egyptian cultures
  • 3. Alexandria, Egypt is center of empire - ***LIBRARY , LIGHTHOUSE, & MUSEUM
  • 4. Trade in Alexandria leads to cultural syncretism (diversity)
hellenistic civilization continued
…Hellenistic civilization continued
  • 5. Advances
    • a. blood circulation in body
    • b. surgery
    • c. Earth is round, revolves around the sun, and computed its diameter
    • d. Euclid – studies are basis for modern geometry
    • e. Hippocrates – studied medicine
    • f. Pythagoras – mathematical theories
    • g. Ptolemy – Earth is center of universe
    • h. Archimedes – value of Pi