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Models/Frameworks for Assignment 1. National Culture. Florence Kluckhohn and Fred Strodtbeck. American anthropologists and social theorists Florence Kluckhohn Center for the Study of Values Harvard Values Project

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florence kluckhohn and fred strodtbeck
Florence Kluckhohnand Fred Strodtbeck
  • American anthropologists and social theorists
  • Florence Kluckhohn Center for the Study of Values
  • Harvard Values Project
  • Value orientation method (VOM) 1940s-1950s: A tool to help identify differences in core values across cultures
  • Five common concerns
  • Three ways to respond called value orientations
geert hofstede
Geert Hofstede
  • Dutch management researcher
  • Late 1960s and early 1970s
  • Surveyed over 100,000 employees of IBM
  • 50 countries in three regions
  • Work-related attitudes across the countries

http://www.geerthofstede.nl/

http://www.geert-hofstede.com/

edward t hall
Edward T. Hall
  • American anthropologist and

cross-cultural researcher

  • Hall first created the concept of proxemics
  • He coined the term polychronic
  • Did not provide individual scores for countries

http://www.edwardthall.com/

fons trompenaars
Fons Trompenaars
  • Dutch management researcher
  • Studied Shell and other managers
  • 15000 managers from 28 countries representing 47 national cultures
  • Over a period of ten years

http://www.7d-culture.nl/website/AboutTHT/Bios/FT.asp

shalom schwartz
Shalom Schwartz
  • Israeli social psychologist, cross-cultural researcher

and author of theory of basic human values

  • More psychological view
  • Motivational goals are the essential distinction between societal values
  • Ten universal human values
  • Level of analysis
  • Three dimensions at the cultural level
globe 2004
GLOBE (2004)
  • Global Leadership and

Organizational Behavior

Effectiveness

  • Robert House
  • 170 researchers collected data over seven years
  • 18000 managers in 62 countries
  • Wide variety of industries and sizes of organisations

http://www.thunderbird.edu/sites/globe/

luciara nardon and richard steers
Luciara Nardon and Richard Steers

http://www.sprott.carleton.ca/faculty_and_research/lnardon.html

http://www.lcb.uoregon.edu/forms/profile/profile.html?id=178&format=full

  • Assistant Professor at Carleton University
  • Cross-cultural management
  • Virtual organizations
  • Cultural approaches to technology management
  • Socio-cognitive institutions
  • Professor at University of Oregan
  • Culture, cognition, and managerial communication
  • Culture and leadership
  • Culture and management practices
communication1
Communication

Secondary Source: Lewicki, Barry and Saunders (2010)

communication2

Attitudes

  • Topic
  • Values
  • Beliefs
  • Time
  • Place
Communication

(Cooper, Calloway-Thomas, & Simonds, 2007)

intercultural communication process
Intercultural Communication Process

Sender

Encodes Meaning

Medium

Message

Receiver

Decodes Meaning

Noise

Culture

Feedback

Source: Deresky (2011)

culture and communication a model
Culture and Communication: A Model
  • Culture 1: Sender’s normative beliefs about appropriate communication behaviour

Culturally compatible communication style

Sender’s

communication style

  • Other influences on communication processes

Receiver’s communication style

  • Culture 2: Receiver’s normative beliefs about appropriate communication behaviour

Culturally compatible communication style

Source: Steers, Sanchez-Runde & Nardon (2010)