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Learning. Chapter 6 Janice Ly, Jared Kingston, Jessica Campbell, Kate Bybee, Kyle Hutching. Classical Conditioning. Classical conditioning : occurs  when a neutral stimulus evokes a response after being paired with a stimulus that naturally evokes a response.

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learning
Learning

Chapter 6

Janice Ly, Jared Kingston, Jessica Campbell, Kate Bybee, Kyle Hutching

classical conditioning
Classical Conditioning
  • Classical conditioning: occurs when a neutral stimulus evokes a response after being paired with a stimulus that naturally evokes a response.
  • Unconditioned response vs. conditioned response
  • Unconditioned stimulus vs. conditioned stimulus
enter classic conditioning questions
Enter Classic Conditioning Questions
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-c2hrEiTi-E
  • What is the conditioned stimulus in the video?
  • What is the conditioned response in the video?
operant conditioning
Operant Conditioning
  • Type of learning in which the consequences of the organisms behavior determine whether it will be repeated in the future.
    • Skinner Box
slide8

Thorndike developed the law of effect. That is behaviors that result in satisfying states of affairs tend to be repeated … behaviors resulting in unpleasant affairs are less likely to be repeated.

      • http://www.spike.com/video/office-jim-trains/2820493
difference between classical operant conditioning
Difference between Classical & Operant Conditioning
  • Classical conditioning is when the test subject gets the reward every time regardless of the action.
  • Operant conditioning is when the test subject has to accurately perform an action in order to receive the reward.
observational conditioning
Observational Conditioning
  • Book Definition: Learning that takes place by watching the actions of others

Example: Bobo doll

humans
Humans

Humans- Observe what a “role model” does, and imitates.

animals
Animals

Animals – Have mirror neurons that fire when an animal of the same species performs a familiar action.

Mirror Neurons – monkey see monkey do

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lm0z7eLsbbw
did you listen
Did you listen?

What is an example of observational learning?

What do mirror neurons do?

implicit learning
Implicit learning
  • Occurs without explicit or conscious awareness on the part of the learner
    • Unspoken rules -- intuition
slide16

Complex behavior, such as grammar & social rules, can be learned through implicit learning

    • What is the rule of this game?

Not

slide17

Implicit not Explicit

    • Implicit behavior is learned intuitively
      • Eating customs in a new country
      • Learning how to swim
  • Explicit behavior is learned through teaching
    • How to play chess
    • Learning the rules to scuba dive
slide18
.

Implicit learning

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ar5DhtN-KAY

Explicit learning

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uvpikUEIaLI

answers
Answers
  • Unspoken rules – intuition
  • False – it is Implicit
  • Implicit is intuitive while explicit is described
association
Association
  • When you see, hear, smell, taste, or feel something that reminds you of a specific experience you have had in the past.
  • Memories
learning by association
Learning By Association

Explain learning by association in your own words…

When do you use learning by association?

review
Review
  • Associating with music
  • Classical Conditioning
  • Operant Conditioning
  • Observational Learning
  • Implicit Learning