1 / 54

# Note to teachers: There are 11 questions in the activity. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Note to teachers: There are 11 questions in the activity. Instruct the students to write both the letter of the correct answer AND the sentence. Writing the sentence will help the students understand parallel structure than if they simply writes the letter.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

## PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Note to teachers: There are 11 questions in the activity. ' - brendan-wagner

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

• Note to teachers:

• There are 11 questions in the activity.

• Instruct the students to write both the letter of the correct answer AND the sentence.

• Writing the sentence will help the students understand parallel structure than if they simply writes the letter.

• Instruct the students to also underline the parts of the sentence that are parallel.

• It is possible to break this into two days or to shorten the activity.

• Be sure that students answer at least the first 6 questions. After question 4, there are 2 slides with tips related to the students’ own writing.

• There are “pointer” slides (entitled “Remember”) beginning with slide #35. It is important that the students read these.

• After the pointer slides, there are more questions to reinforce the concept.

### Parallel Structure

Bostrom High School

English Department

Ms. Howard

• Parallel construction (or structure) means that a pair or series of items have the same form.

• The usual way to join parallel structures is with the use of coordinating such as and or or.

• Make sure each item in a series has the same structure.

• Not parallel: Superbugs are adapting, spreading, and kill thousands.

• Parallel: Superbugs are adapting, spreading, and killing thousands.

• Superbugs are adapting, spreading, and kill thousands.

• Notice that two of the verbs in the series end in –ing, but the third (“kill”) does not. (Not parallel)

• Superbugs are adapting, spreading, and killing thousands.

• All three of the verbs in the series end in –ing.(Parallel)

• Parallel Structure Rap

• Do you have a better idea about parallel structure now?

• Parallel structure makes sure that your writing is balanced.

Not Parallel:Mary likeshiking, swimming, and to ride a bicycle.

Parallel:Mary likes hiking, swimming, and riding a bicycle.

Not Parallel:The production manager was asked to write his report quickly, accurately, and in a detailed manner.

Parallel:The production manager was asked to write his report quickly, accurately, and thoroughly.

• Number you paper from 1 – 11.

• Read the choices on the slides.

• Answer A, B, or C.

• Write the sentence. Underline the elements that are parallel.

• Justin was excited about inviting friends over, eating a good meal, and to play a game of cards.

• Justin was excited about inviting friends over, eating a good meal, and to play cards.

• Justin was excited about inviting friends over, eating a good meal, and playing a game of cards.

#1. The correct answer is C because all three verbs end in –ing.

• Justin was excited about inviting friends over, eating a good meal, and to play a game of cards.

• Justin was excited about inviting friends over, eating a good meal, and to play cards.

• Justin was excited about inviting friends over, eating a good meal, and playing a game of cards.

If you answered incorrectly, elements.

• Change the answer on your paper.

• Cross out the elements that are NOT parallel and replace them with the elements that ARE parallel.

• When the weather outside is cold and starting to get windy, I like to be indoors.

• When the weather outside is cold and windy, I like to be indoors.

• When the weather outside is cold and getting windy, I like to be indoors.

#2. structure?Are these two parts the same? (Hint: Look at the words inblue.)

• When the weather outside is coldand starting to get windy, I like to be indoors.

#2. structure?Are these two parts the same?

• When the weather outside is coldand getting windy, I like to be indoors.

#2. structure?Are these two parts the same?

• When the weather outside is coldandwindy, I like to be indoors.

The correct answer for structure?#2 is B.

• When the weather outside is cold andstarting to get windy, I like to be indoors.

• When the weather outside is coldandwindy, I like to be indoors.

• When the weather outside is cold andgetting windy, I like to be indoors.

#3. structure?A typical test question:

• What is the bestway to revise this sentence?

• Researchers study superbugs, probe their weaknesses, and they hope to find new treatments.

• Read the three choices on the next slide, write the letter of the best choice, and explain (in writing) why it is the best choice.

#3. Write the sentence that is parallel & underline the parallel elements.

• Researchers study superbugs, probe their weaknesses, and they hope to find new treatments.

• Researchers study superbugs, they probe their weaknesses, and they hope to find new treatments.

• Researchers study superbugs, probe their weaknesses, and hope to find new treatments.

#3. parallel elements.What is the correct answer? Examine the words in purple& red. What do you see?

Researchers studysuperbugs, probetheir weaknesses, and they hope to find new treatments.

Researchers studysuperbugs, they probe their weaknesses, and they hope to find new treatments.

Researchers studysuperbugs,probetheir weaknesses, and hopeto find new treatments.

#3. You’ve got it! parallel elements.

• The words in purpleare not balanced; they do not have parallel structure

• study… probe… they hope

• study… they probe … they hope

• The words in redARE balanced; they HAVE parallel structure.

• study … probe … hope

The Correct Answer for parallel elements.#3 is………

Researchers study superbugs, probe their weaknesses, and they hope to find new treatments.

Researchers study superbugs, they probe their weaknesses, and they hope to find new treatments.

Researchers study superbugs, probe their weaknesses, and hope to find new treatments.

#4. Which one is parallel? Write the sentence on your paper & underline the parallel elements.

• I have always enjoyed reading the book more than I have watched the movie version.

• I have always enjoyed reading the book more than to watch the movie.

• I have always enjoyed reading the book more than watching the movie.

#4. & underline the parallel elements. Which one is parallel? Look at the parts.

• I have always enjoyed reading the book more than I have watched the movie version.

• I have always enjoyed reading the book more than to watch the movie.

• I have always enjoyed reading the bookmore than watching the movie.

#4. If you said & underline the parallel elements. C, you are correct.

• …reading the book more than I have watched the movie version.

• …reading the book more than to watch the movie.

• …reading the book more than watching the movie.

• Do you see the -ing verbs followed by theand the noun?

Proofreading Strategies to Try: & underline the parallel elements.

• Skim your paper, pausing at the words "and" and "or." Check on each side of these words to see whether the items joined are parallel. If not, make them parallel.

• If you have several items in a list, put them in a column to see if they are parallel.

More proofreading strategies & underline the parallel elements.

• Listen to the sound of the items in a list or the items being compared.

• Do you hear the same kinds of sounds? For example, is there a series of "-ing" words beginning each item?

• Or do your hear a rhythm being repeated? If something is breaking that rhythm or repetition of sound, check to see if it needs to be made parallel.

Parallel Structure & underline the parallel elements.

Let’s practice some more

#5. & underline the parallel elements. What is the best way to revise sentence A? If it is correct as it is, choose A.

• Mary tried out for the basketball team, the soccer team, and she went to tryouts for the volleyball team, too.

• Mary tried out for the basketball team, and the soccer team, and she tried out for the volleyball team.

• Mary tried out for the basketball team, the soccer team, and the volleyball team.

#5. Did you choose & underline the parallel elements. C?

• Mary tried out for the basketball team, the soccer team, and she went to tryouts for the volleyball team, too.

• Mary tried out for the basketball team, and the soccer team, and she tried out for the volleyball team.

• Mary tried out for the basketball team,the soccer team, and the volleyball team.

#6. & underline the parallel elements. What is the best way to revise sentence A? If it is correct as it is, choose A.

• Inez heard the phone ringing, answered it, and is taking a message.

• Inez heard the phone ringing, went to answer it, and is taking a message.

• Inez heard the phone ringing, answered it, and took a message.

#6. & underline the parallel elements. C is correct because it uses past tense for all three verbs. The other choices contain verb structures that are not parallel.

• Inez heard the phone ringing, answered it, and is taking a message.

• Inez heard the phone ringing, went to answer it, and is taking a message.

• Inez heardthe phone ringing, answeredit, and tooka message.

After the pointers, there are more practice problems. & underline the parallel elements.

Some pointers about parallel structure

Remember! & underline the parallel elements.

• Use Parallel Structure when writing elements in the form of a list or a series.

• Incorrect: The class valued respect, honesty, and being on timein a teacher.

• Correct: The class valued respect, honesty, and promptness in a teacher.

Remember! & underline the parallel elements.

• Use Parallel Structure when you join elements two or more elements in your sentence.

• Incorrect: I am allergic to the dog’s hair and how it smells.

• Correct: I am allergic to the dog’s hair and its smell.

Remember! & underline the parallel elements.

• Use Parallel Structure when you are comparing or contrasting element.

• Incorrect: James enjoys readingmore than to write.

• Correct: James enjoys readingmore than writing.

Remember! & underline the parallel elements.

• Be sure to keep all the elements in a list in the same form.

• Not Parallel:The dictionary can be used for these purposes: to find word meanings, pronunciations, correct spellings, and looking up irregular verbs.

• Parallel:The dictionary can be used for these purposes: to find word meanings, pronunciations, correct spellings, and irregular verbs.

More practice questions & underline the parallel elements.

• Continue with questions 7 – 11.

#7. & underline the parallel elements. What is the best way to revise sentence A? If it is correct as it is, choose A.

• In its energy, its lyrics, and the costumes they wore, the band presented a powerful protest.

• In its energy, its lyrics, and its costumes, the band presented a powerful protest.

• In its energy, the lyrics, and the costumes they wore, the band presented a powerful protest.

#7. B & underline the parallel elements. is the correct choice because all three use the possessive pronoun its before the nouns.

• In its energy, its lyrics, and the costumes they wore, the band presented a powerful protest.

• In its energy, its lyrics, and its costumes, the band presented a powerful protest.

• In its energy, the lyrics, and the costumes they wore, the band presented a powerful protest.

#8. & underline the parallel elements. What is the best way to revise sentence A? If it is correct as it is, choose A.

• The coach told the players that they should get a lot of sleep, that they should not eat too much, and to do some warm-up exercises before the game.

• The coach told the players that they should get a lot of sleep, to not eat too much, and to do some warm-up exercises before the game.

• The coach told the players that they should get a lot of sleep, that they should not eat too much, and that they should do some warm-up exercises before the game.

#8. & underline the parallel elements. Did you choose C?

• The coach told the players that they should get a lot of sleep, that they should not eat too much, andto do some warm-up exercises before the game.

• The coach told the players that they should get a lot of sleep, to not eat too much, and to do some warm-up exercises before the game.

• The coach told the players that they should geta lot of sleep, that they should not eat too much, and that they should do some warm-up exercises before the game.

#9. & underline the parallel elements. Review: Which one is correct?

• Running, lifting, and racquetball are three of Ashley’s favorite exercises.

• Running, lifting, and a spinning class are three of Ashley’s favorite exercises.

• Running, lifting, and bicycling are three of Ashley’s favorite exercises.

#9. & underline the parallel elements. Do you see the same construction?

• Running, lifting, and racquetball are three of Ashley’s favorite exercises.

• Running, lifting, and a spinning class are three of Ashley’s favorite exercises.

• Running, lifting, and bicycling are three of Ashley’s favorite exercises.

Parallel Structure with Clauses! & underline the parallel elements.

• A parallel structure that begins with clauses must keep on with clauses.

• Changing to another pattern or changing the voice of the verb (from active to passive or vice versa) will break the parallelism.

Example & underline the parallel elements.

• Not Parallel:The salesman expectedthathe would present his product at the meeting, thatthere would be time for him to show his slide presentation, andthat questions would be asked by prospective buyers. (passive)

• Parallel:The salesman expected that he would present his product at the meeting, that there would be time for him to show his slide presentation, and that prospective buyers would ask him questions.

# 10. & underline the parallel elements. What is the best way to revise sentence A? If it is correct as it is, choose A.

• Here is where the cold winds blow and the bears hibernate, where a family’s income is double the national average, and almost everyone lives in a trailer.

• Here is where the cold winds blow and the bears hibernate, where a family’s income is double the national average, and where almost everyone lives in a trailer.

• Here is where the cold winds blow and the bears hibernate, a family’s income is double the national average, and where almost everyone lives in a trailer.

# 10. & underline the parallel elements. Did you choose B? Do you see the three where clauses?

• Here is where the cold winds blow and the bears hibernate, wherea family’s income is double the national average, and almost everyone lives in a trailer.

• Here is wherethe cold winds blow and the bears hibernate, wherea family’s income is double the national average, andwherealmost everyone lives in a trailer.

• Here is where the cold winds blow and the bears hibernate, a family’s income is double the national average, and wherealmost everyone lives in a trailer.

# 11. & underline the parallel elements. Here’s a challenge for you!

• Is this parallel? The teacher said that he was a poor student because he waited until the last minute to study for the exam, completed his lab problems in a careless manner, and his motivation was low.

# 11. & underline the parallel elements. See the difference?

• The teacher said that he was a poor student because he waiteduntil the last minute to study for the exam, completedhis lab problems in a careless manner, and his motivation was low.(not parallel)

• The teacher said that he was a poor student because he waiteduntil the last minute to study for the exam, completedhis lab problems in a careless manner, and lackedmotivation. (parallel)

Congratulations! & underline the parallel elements.

• You are now an expert on parallel structure.

• If you pay attention to parallel structure in your writing, it will be more clear, more fluent, and more effective.

Additional Practice & underline the parallel elements.

• http://english-grammar-review.com/

• Go to: Parallel Construction