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Instructor’s Name Semester, 200_. Chapter Objectives. Define community organizing. Identify the assumptions that underlie the process of community organization.

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instructor s name semester 200
Instructor’s Name

Semester, 200_

chapter objectives
Chapter Objectives
  • Define community organizing.
  • Identify the assumptions that underlie the process of community organization.
  • Briefly explain the difference between locality development, social planning, and social action approaches to community organization.
  • List the steps for a generalized model for community organizing/building
chapter objectives3
Chapter Objectives
  • Explain what is meant by community building.
  • Explain the difference between health education and health promotion.
  • State and summarize the steps involved in creating a health promotion program.
  • Define the term needs assessment.
chapter objectives4
Chapter Objectives
  • Briefly explain the six steps used in assessing needs.
  • Explain the difference between goals and objectives.
  • List the different type of intervention strategies.
  • Explain the purposes of pilot testing in program development.
  • State the difference between formative and summative evaluation.
definition
Definition
  • Community organizing
    • “a process through which communities are helped to identify common problems or goals, mobilize resources, and in other ways develop and implement strategies for reaching their goals they have collectively set.”
assumptions of community organization
Assumptions of Community Organization

1. Communities of people can develop the capacity to deal with their own problems.

2. People want to change and can change.

3. People should participate in making, adjusting, or controlling the major changes taking place in their communities.

4. Changes in community living, which are self-imposed or self-developed have a meaning and permanence that imposed changes do not have.

assumptions of community organization7
Assumptions of Community Organization

5. A ‘holistic approach’ can deal successfully with problems with which a ‘fragmented approach’ cannot cope.

6. Democracy requires cooperative participation & action in the affairs of the community, & people must learn the skills which make this possible.

7. Frequently, communities of people need help in organizing to deal with their needs, just as many individuals require help with individual problems.

community organizing methods
Community Organizing Methods
  • Locality development
    • is a broad self-help method in which local citizens develop new skills and become more self-sufficient.
  • Social planning
    • utilizes skilled volunteers in the community in a technical process of problem solving.
  • Social action
    • is a technique that involves the redistribution of power and resources to disadvantaged segments of the population.
process for organizing a community
Process for Organizing a Community

Recognizing the problem

Making entry into the community

Organizing the people

Assessing the community

Determining priorities & setting goals

Selecting a solution to the problem

slide10

The Final 4 Steps

Implementing

Looping back

Evaluating

Maintaining

creating a health promotion program
Creating a Health Promotion Program

Assessing

needs

Identifying

the

problem

Setting

goals

&

Objectives

Developing

an

Intervention

Implementing

the

Intervention

Evaluating

the results

A Generalized Model for Program Planning

creating a health promotion disease prevention program overview
Creating a Health Promotion/ Disease Prevention Program - Overview
  • Assessing the needs
  • Identifying the problem(s)
  • Setting goals and objectives
  • Developing an intervention
  • Implementing the intervention
  • Evaluating the results
assessing the needs
Assessing the Needs

Determine the purpose & scope

Gathering data

Analyzing the data

Identifying factors linked to the health problem

Identifying the program focus

Validating the prioritized need

creating a health promotion disease prevention program overview14
Creating a Health Promotion/ Disease Prevention Program - Overview
  • Assessing the needs
  • Setting goals and objectives
    • goal is a future event toward which an endeavor is directed
    • objectives are steps taken in pursuit of a goal
  • Developing an intervention
    • designing activities that meet your objectives
  • Implementing the intervention
    • putting into practice
  • Evaluating the results
evaluating the results16
Evaluating the results

Planning the evaluation

evaluating the results17
Evaluating the results

Planning the evaluation

Collecting the data

evaluating the results18
Evaluating the results

Planning the evaluation

Collecting the data

Analyzing the data

evaluating the results19
Evaluating the results

Planning the evaluation

Collecting the data

Analyzing the data

Reporting results

evaluating the results20
Evaluating the results

Planning the evaluation

Collecting the data

Analyzing the data

Reporting results

Applying the results

slide21

Chapter 5

Community Organization and

Health Promotion Planning: Two Important

Tools Of Community Health