Discuss Two Errors in Attributions. By Mr Daniel Hansson. Questions for Discussion. Do humans have a need of finding causes of everything? Why or why not? How reliable are humans’ ability at making judgments of causation?. Important definitions.
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By Mr Daniel Hansson
inspired by trial of Adolf
Eichmann. During World
War II, Eichmann was in
charge of all trains that
would carry Jews to the
death camps in Poland and
Hungary. As his defense,
Eichmann claimed that he
was merely following
orders. Why do you think he
acted like he did?
Hamilton & Gifford (1976): Hamilton & Gifford
hypothesized that rare events are more likely to be linked
because they are more memorable. In order to test this
hypothesis, participants read a series of favorable (e.g.
visited a sick friend at the hospital) and unfavorable
statements (e.g cheated on an exam) of individuals from a
majority group or a minority group. The unfavorable
statements were more rare than the favorable
statements. In accordance with Hamilton and Gifford’s
hypothesis, participants were more likely to associate
unfavorable statements with the minority group when asked
about their first impression of the majority and minority