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2 Hour Twilight Session 1 Introduction to RA
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  1. 2 HourTwilight Session 1 Introduction to RA Supplied by Restorative Justice 4 Schools

  2. Check In Restorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd

  3. Aims for the three sessions Restorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd

  4. What is Restorative Justice Conferencing? • A process for resolving conflict • A common language to resolve conflict • Focuses on the needs of the victim • Allows the wrongdoer(s) to understand the impact of their actions • Encourages wrongdoer(s) to take responsibility for their actions • Therefore creates accountability • Likely to change behaviour and build character Restorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd

  5. What are Restorative Approaches? • An understanding of how a community works • An understanding of our responsibilities to the communities that we are part of • Confront unacceptable behaviour • Praise acceptable behaviour • Model restorative approaches • Develop self regulating communities • An understanding of the skills needed to communicate with each other and a commitment to developing these • Communication skills - Listening , Questioning, Answering • Shared language Restorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd

  6. Types of Restorative Approaches • Communication skills • Listening skills/Questioning skills/Answering skills • Shared language • Peer mentoring, mediation, facilitation, peer panels, support partners • Whole school/department staff meetings • Classroom norms • Restorative circles • Restorative conversations/statements • Restorative justice conferences Restorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd

  7. The 4 R’sRJ is based on four key features Restorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd

  8. Restorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd TraditionalMindset • What happened • Whose responsible • What do sanction do I need to enforce to • change behaviour • deter others • avoid reoffending RestorativeMindset • What happened • Whose been affected • What needs to happen to put things right • How can I support this process to • change behaviour • deter others • avoid reoffending

  9. The Restorative Option The purpose of this training is to increase a schools options on how to deal with conflict Restorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd

  10. What can RJ do for a School? Restorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd Happier and safer school Mutually respectful relationships More effective teaching and learning Reducing exclusions Raising attendance Developing emotional literacy Addressing bullying behaviours Raising morale by culture of inclusion and belonging Reduces entry into CJS IT IS NOT A SOFT OPTION

  11. So how does RJ make sense of this? • In a restorative school more emphasis is put on personal responsibility • What we do when we have done something wrong • AND when someone has done something wrong to us • AND when we have witnessed something happening to someone else • When conflict happens there is a structure to resolve it • It allows people to learn from their mistakes so mistakes aren't repeated over and over Restorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd

  12. Positive outcomes • Addresses the needs of the victim: • Listened to • Impact of harm caused is understood • Possibility of real acknowledgement and apology • Addresses the needs of the wrong doer: • Likely to change behaviour • Often able to stay in education • Attains qualifications • Not criminalised – bypassed the CJS which too often leaves a young person with no relevant outcomes Restorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd

  13. How does Restorative Practice Build Skills Restorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd

  14. Restorative Circles in Primary & Secondary Education • Build community • Develop • relationships • social skills • shared language • communication skills • Gives everybody a voice • Creates a safe place to speak • Resolve conflict

  15. Think about schools role in building community? • Divorce rate 45% - step families • Removed • Community Police Officers from our streets • Caretakers from our housing estates • Conductors from our buses • Less milkmen and regular postmen • Mothers are more likely to work • Greater perception and fear of crime • Children have more choices which can create different skills

  16. Why do we need to teach taking turns, listening and letting others speak? • How many pieces of equipment in your home can you watch a DVD or television programme on • Include • TV, Laptops, PC, Mobile Phone, DVD Players in Cars, • How many pieces of equipment in your home can you make a telephone call on • Include • Landline Handsets, Laptops (Skype), PC, Mobiles TV Test Telephone Test Restorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd

  17. DVD Collingwood Primary School Hull 15 minutes

  18. AND/OR IF SHOWING TO SECONDARY SCHOOL Restorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd

  19. DVD The Transformation of West Philadelphia High School: A Story of Hope

  20. Language Exercise Form 3 groups • Group 1 make a list of traditional questions and statements that were used in schools to manage behaviour • Group 2 make a list of the best questions and statements that you hear being used in school currently to manage behaviour • Group 3 make a list of worst questions and statements that you hear being used in school currently to manage behaviour

  21. Discuss: • Which approach demands an answer from recipient ? • Which is the better way to engage and communicate with young people?

  22. Conversational Use Exercise Form 2 or 4 groups • Group 1 Secondary & 3 Primary make a list emotions that could be included in a shared vocabulary • Group 2 Secondary & 4 Primary make a list of core values that could be included in a shared vocabulary

  23. Punitive responses • Often cause resentment • Pupils that have good communications skills often can talk themselves out of being held responsible where as Pupils with poor communication skills find themselves unable to explain themselves leading to resentment • Too often does not repair the relationship between the wrongdoer and those affected by the behaviour • Do not allow wrongdoer to feel better about themselves by taking responsibility and making amends

  24. CONFERENCING is considered to be most effective when part of a “no blame approach” so not to distract from the emotional consequences as it is these that are most likely to change behaviour

  25. RJ & Punishment Options

  26. RJ V Punishment • RJ is not an opt out of punishment • Conferencing can take place along side punitive measures if the sanction is seen as unavoidable or constructive • Within the CJS only a first time entry into the system or low impact crime would use a no blame approach • Conferencing can produce positive results for victims and families affected by serious crime Restorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd

  27. Different Types of RJ Conferencing

  28. Whole School Restorative Approach can contribute to • Happier and safer school • Mutually respectful relationships • More effective teaching and learning • Reducing exclusions • Raising attendance • Developing emotional literacy • Addressing bullying behaviours • Raising morale by culture of inclusion and belonging Restorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd

  29. What you need for RJ to work? Staff and pupils who are will to willing to give it a go Restorative Justice 4 Schools Ltd

  30. Check out