主页面 Unit 2 Charlie Chaplin
Before Reading-warm up >> Think-Pair-Share • Discuss : • what can we get from the story of Charlie Chaplin?
Before Reading-warm up >> Think-Pair-Share • Suggested answer: • As is known to all, Charlie Chaplin, plain in appearance (貌不惊人)and short in stature(身材矮小), suffered from both hunger and his mother’s mental illness throughout his childhood. All these misfortunes, however, did not wear down his desire for happiness and success. Instead, they helped turn out a smart, resourceful and renowned comic.
Before Reading-warm up >> Think-Pair-Share • In a 1995 worldwide survey of film critics, Chaplin was voted the greatest actor in movie history. His life has born out the truth that all misfortune is only a stepping stone to success. In other words, one may not find a single ray of hope at the first attempt but his/her persistence, complete with proper adjustment of means to the goal, will enable him/her to make it in time.
Before Reading-warm up >> Understanding the Text • 1) What do you learn about Charlie Chaplin from the first paragraph of the passage? • Key: • He lived a poor and miserable life during his childhood.
Before Reading-warm up >> Understanding the Text • 2) According to the author, why did Charlie Chaplin win greater popularity in other countries than in his own country, Britain? • Key: • He lived a poor and miserable life during his childhood
Before Reading-warm up >> Understanding the Text • 3) Why didn't Chaplin's comic beggar seem very English? • Key: • His dress and behavior were not English.
Before Reading-warm up >> Understanding the Text • 4) What do you know from this passage about Chaplin's film named Modern Times? • Key: • It was the first movie in which Chaplin used voice for the characters.
Before Reading-warm up >> Understanding the Text • 5) How can you feel Chaplin's deep need to be loved and his fear of being betrayed? • Key: • We can find that from the characters he created, such as the flower girl and the French wife killer.
Before Reading-warm up >> Understanding the Text • 6) What influence did Oona have on Chaplin's life? • Key: • She brought stable happiness to him and became the center of rest in his life.
Before Reading-understanding the text >> Understanding the Text • What is the text mainly about? • The text is about Charlie Chaplin’s life which is full of contrasts. He came into the world miserable but brought the world endless joy. His Tramp on the screen, crude or coarse in the eyes of the English, gave him permanent fame in movie history. His nonsense screen language with no known nationality brought about his huge success. The contrast between his desire to be loved and his fear of being betrayed led to his painful marriages but brought him the luck to walk into the sunset with Oona. And even after his death, the theft of his body served as a fitting memorial to his life as a great comic.
Before Reading-background information >> Background Information Charlie Chaplin • Charles Spencer Chaplin was born on 16th April 1889 in Walworth, London, and lived a Dickensian childhood, shared with his brother, Sydney, that included extreme poverty, workhouses and seeing his mother's mental decline put her into an institution. Both his parents, though separated when he was very young, were music hall artists, his father quite famously so. But it was his mother that Charlie idolised and was inspired by during his visit of the backstage while she performed, to take up such a career for himself.
Before Reading-background information >> Background Information Dickens • Dickens: Charles Dickens, 1812—1870, an English novelist, considered by many to be the greatest one of all. His many famous books describe life in Victorian England and show how hard it was, especially for the poor and for children. They include The Pickwick Papers, Oliver Twist, A Christmas Carol, David Copperfield, Great Expectations and A Tale of Two Cities.
Before Reading-background information >> Background Information Hollywood • an area of Los Angeles which is known as the center of the American film industry. In terms of geography, Hollywood refers to an area consisting of the City of West Hollywood) and its vicinity that form part of the Greater Los Angeles metropolitan area. You can take a look at for an interesting guide and virtual tour of Hollywood movie studios. It is generally thought that everyone living in Hollywood is extremely rich, famous, and concerned with appearances but in fact many parts of Hollywood today are poor, dirty and badly cared for.
Before Reading-background information >> Background Information Mack Sennett • (1880—1960) US film producer, born in Richmond, Quebec. He worked in the theatre as a comic in burlesque companies, and from 1908 in silent films. He later formed his own company and hundreds of shorts, establishing a whole generation of players and a tradition of knockabout slapstick under the name of Keystone Komics (1912), and later the Sennett Bathing Beauties (1920). He received a Special Academy Award in 1937.
Detailed Reading-language points >> Language Point in rags • Eg.wearing clothes that are very old and torn • 穿着破旧衣服的，衣衫褴褛的 • The children were dressed in rags. • 那些孩子衣衫褴褛。
Detailed Reading-language points >> Language Point • for good: permanently; for ever 永久地 • eg.This time she's leaving for good. • 这一次她将是永远地离开了。 • The days of happiness had gone for good.
Detailed Reading-language points >> Language Point • trip up (cause to) catch one‘s foot and lose one’s balance 绊，绊倒 • Be careful you don't trip up on the step. • 小心不要在台阶上绊倒。 • He was tripped up by a passer-by. • 他被一个过路的人绊倒了。
Detailed Reading-language points >> Language Point • make up: invent 虚构，捏造，临时编造 • He made up some excuse about his daughter being sick. • 他编造了一个借口，说他女儿生病了。 • I told the kids a story, making it up as I went along. • 我一边给孩子们讲故事，一边随着情节的发展编故事。
Detailed Reading-language points >> Language Point • come down in the world: be reduced to a humbler standard of living or social level 落魄，潦倒，失势 • He was once wealthy, but now he has come down in the world. • 他过去很富有，但如今已经落魄了。 • He has come down in the world since he started gambling. • 他自开始赌博以来就变得穷困潦倒了。
Detailed Reading-language points >> Language Point • to a degree partly有些，稍微 • I agree with you to some degree. • 我有些同意你的看法。 • Most pop music is influenced, to a greater or lesser degree, by the blues. • 大多数流行音乐都多少受到布鲁斯（蓝调）的影响。
Detailed Reading-language points >> Language Point • go along: advance; move further with sth. 进行下去，前进 • You may have difficulty with this book at first, but you'll find it much easier as you go along. • 开始时你或许会觉得这本书难读，但过些时候你便会觉得容易得多。 • Things are going along nicely. • 事情进展很顺利。
Detailed Reading-language points >> Language Point • Find one’s way into : arrive or get somewhere after some time 来到（某处），进入 • Computers have found their way into most ordinary families. • 计算机已经进入大部分普通家庭。 • He eventually found his way into acting. • 他终于进入了演艺界。
After Reading-guided practice >> Guided Practice • provide applause to sb. 给予某人掌声 • quit a place for good 永久地离开了某地 • sad to say 不幸的是 • clap for sth./sb. 为······拍手喝彩 • trip sb. Up 绊倒某人； 使某人犯错误 • all the same 尽管如此；仍然 • one’s quick eye for sb./sth. 瞟某人/某物的眼神 • come down in the world 落魄，潦倒
After Reading-story telling >> Guided Practice • achieve world fame • 闻名世界 • have the urge/a deep need to do sth • 有一种要做······的欲望 • have… written into a script • 把······写成文字 • painfully-bought self-knowledge • 以沉重的代价换来的自知之明
After Reading-story telling >> Guided Practice • lose one’s faith in sb./sth. • 失去了对······的信心 • walk into the sunset with sb • 与某人白头偕老 • find in sb. a man/woman of… • 发现某人是一个······
Reference After Reading-story telling >> Story Telling • Group Work：Please give a summery of the story with your own words.
After Reading-story telling >> Story Telling • Interestingly, despite the fact that Chaplin came from Britain, he was much more popular in other countries than in his own mother country. The truth is that most English people considered the Tramp a little crude. It was generally thought by them that he had too much of an eye for the ladies and that his clothes gave him an appearance more like an Italian waiter than anything else. All in all the image was not gentleman-like according to many English people. However, the silent movies helped Chaplin to conceal his true nationality from American audiences. He put off making a talking movie until 1936 when he made up a nonsense language which sounded like no known nationality. He once said he thought of the Tramp as an educated man who had fallen on hard times. The truth is , however, that he was probably popular because he was seen as character who revolted against the privileged classes.
After Reading-assignment >> Assignment Writing • Now try to write your own short composition, with a general statement supported by details. • Topic: It was only Charlie Chaplin that could create the great comic character of “the Tramp”.
《新视野大学英语》 读写教程 多媒体课件 结束页面