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Financing R&D networks in Africa. CERN Geneva 25-27 September 2005 Harry De Backer. Contents. The General EU policy for development The EU development policy for ICTs The EU development policy for Science and Technology Conclusion. May 2005 Commitments towards achieving the MDGs.

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financing r d networks in africa

Financing R&D networks in Africa

CERN Geneva 25-27 September 2005Harry De Backer

contents
Contents
  • The General EU policy for development
  • The EU development policy for ICTs
  • The EU development policy for Science and Technology
  • Conclusion
may 2005 commitments towards achieving the mdgs
May 2005 Commitments towards achieving the MDGs
  • First of all, the EU wishes to increase the volume of resources for development aid and make a sufficient share of this increase available for sub-Saharan Africa
    • EU provide more that 55% of ODA, which represents some 35 BEuro a year.
    • Increase ODA by 2010 with 20BEuro/year, reach the 0,7 % objective in 2015.
  • Secondly, we suggest supporting in particular those areas identified by the Africans themselves as crucial to their development (ownership).
    • improvement of Africa’s governance,
    • the interconnection of Africa’s networks and trade
    • strive towards equitable societies, access to services and environmental sustainability.
may 2005 commitments towards achieving the mdgs1
May 2005 Commitments towards achieving the MDGs
  • And thirdly, the EU proposes strengthening coherence between EU policies. For this purpose, the EU has identified a number of priority areas including
    • trade, environment, climate change, security, agriculture, fisheries, social dimension of globalisation, employment and decent work, migration, transport, energy,
    • but also the Information Society in which the EU will address the digital divide by exploiting the potential of information and communication technologies as a development tool and as a significant resource for attaining the MDGs.
    • And Science and Technology where the EU will promote the integration of development objectives, where appropriate, into its RTD and innovation policies, and will continue to assist developing countries in enhancing their domestic capacities in this area.
icts two roles one policy
ICTs: Two roles, one Policy
  • ICTs are a tool, an enabler and not a priority on their own. ICTs are integrated and mainstreamed in the EU development priorities.
  • Stimulating the ICT sector itself is the role of the CDE which is an organisation within the Cotonou agreement.
africa europe infrastructure partnership
Africa-Europe Infrastructure Partnership
  • The purpose of the development policy is to integrate the African economy in the world economy.
    • Goods, people via roads,
    • but services and capital can be transported via ICTs
  • The Millennium Project has revealed that Infrastructures are lacking: transport, energy, water, ICTs.
  • The NEPAD has defined a Short Term Action Plan with 20 priority projects: 3 telecom: RASCOM, COMTEL, pan-African Regulation
  • The European Commission will develop a master-plan that will mirror the requirements of the Africans (ownership).
assistance by edf for r d in developing countries
Assistance by EDF for R&D in developing countries
  • 6th Framework Programme
    • Marie Curie
  • 30MEuro ACP Science and Technology Capacity Building Program
  • 35 Meuro Higher Education Programme
  • CTA Wageningen for Agricultural Support
  • CGIAR, etc.
african science and technology consolidated plan of action
African Science and Technology Consolidated Plan of Action
  • Origins: African Union/NEPAD
  • August 2005
  • 12 flagships (Centers of Excellence)
    • Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity
    • Safe Development and Application of Biotechnology
    • Securing and Using Africa’s Indigenous Knowledge Base
    • Building a Sustainable Energy Base
    • Securing and Sustaining Water
    • Combating Drought and Desertification
    • Building Africa’s Capacity for Material Sciences
    • Building engineering capacity for Manufacturing
    • Strengthening the African Laser Centre (ALC)
    • Technologies to Reduce Post harvest Food Loss
    • Information and Communication Technologies
    • Establishing the African Institute of Space Science Technology
  • AMCOST-2 meeting in Dakar on 29-30 September will approve.
conclusion
Conclusion

If it is the desire of the world-wide R&D Networking to assist the African Scientific Community on R&D networking it should be materialized in the framework of this African Plan of Action (ownership).

closing moments the three stages of truth
Closing moments: The three stages of truth

According to Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860) all truth passes through three stages.

  • Ridicule
  • Violent opposition
  • Truth is accepted as being self-evident.

The ICT and R&D sector in the developing countries is on the verge of stage three.

the websites
The Websites
  • europa.eu.int/comm/dgs/development/index_en.htm
  • www.eib.org
  • www.cde.int
  • harry.de-backer@cec.eu.int