Kerala people s campaign for decentralised planning
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Kerala People’s Campaign for Decentralised Planning. Dr. Joy Elamon Dr. B. Ekbal. People’s Campaign for Decentralised Planning: Objectives. Strengthen the Local Governments Solve Developmental Crisis Initiate a New Development Culture. Local Self Government Institutions:1214.

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Kerala people s campaign for decentralised planning

Kerala People’s Campaign for Decentralised Planning

Dr. Joy Elamon

Dr. B. Ekbal

People s campaign for decentralised planning objectives
People’s Campaign forDecentralised Planning:Objectives

  • Strengthen the Local Governments

  • Solve Developmental Crisis

  • Initiate a New DevelopmentCulture

Local self government institutions 1214
Local Self Government Institutions:1214

  • Grama (Village) Panchayaths

    • 991: Population: 20,000

  • Block Panchayaths

    • 152: Population:150,000

  • District Panchayaths

    • 14: Population:2 Million

  • Urban Bodies

    • Municipalities (54) Population:100,000

    • Corporations(3) Population:1 Million

Peoples planning strategy
Peoples PlanningStrategy

  • Plan Allocation

  • Peoples Movement

  • Rules and Regulation

Kerala people s campaign for decentralised planning

Peoples Campaign for Decentralised Planning


(Village Assembly

Development Seminar


Task Forces


Plan Document



Peoples campaign for decentralised planning

Peoples Campaign for Decentralised Planning

Massive Devolution of Resources and Power


  • Participatory Planning and Development

  • Devolution of Resources and Power

  • Empowerment of Women

  • Transparency in governance

  • Physical achievements

Kerala model of health

Kerala Model of Health

High Health Status

Low Economic Development

Kerala model of health1

Kerala Model of Health

Good Health at Low Cost

Good Health with Social Justice

Kerala health model from success to crisis
Kerala Health ModelFrom Success to Crisis

  • Low Mortality High Morbidity Syndrome

  • Resurgence of Infectious Diseases

  • Rise in Life Style Diseases

  • Stagnation of Public Health System

  • Rising Health Expenditure

  • Marginalisation of the Poor

Kerala health reform goals
Kerala Health Reform: Goals

  • Control of Infectious Diseases

  • Control of LSD

  • Revamping of Public Health System

  • Social Control of Private Sector

  • Control of Health Expenditure

  • Protection of the poor

Community involvement in Health

Decentralisation and health
Decentralisation and Health

  • Health Care institutions to local bodies

  • Power and resources transferred

  • Mandate to plan and implement locally

  • Human resource development

Decentralisation and health sector achievements
Decentralisation and Health Sector: Achievements

  • Integrated Disease control programmes

  • Specific disease detection camps

  • School health programmes

  • Nutrition programmes

  • Geriatric care

  • Rural Sanitation

  • Water Supply

  • Health Survey

  • Strengthening Hospital Infrastructure

Kerala experiment uniqueness
Kerala Experiment : Uniqueness

  • Thrust on preventive and promotive health

  • Innovative health programmes

  • Better working partnership health workers and the people

  • Reallocation and availability of Health Resources

  • Improvement of Primary and Secondary Health Systems

Erattupettah grama panchayath integrated health development
Erattupettah: Grama PanchayathIntegrated Health Development

  • Healthy Village Project

  • Drinking Water

  • Sanitation

  • School Health Programme

  • Health Cards to citizens

  • Healthy Hotels

  • Primary Health Centre Strengthening

Ponnani block panchayath community mental health programme
Ponnani: Block PanchayathCommunity Mental Health Programme

  • School Mental Health Programme

  • Teenage Marriage Prevent ion

  • Mental Health Survey

  • Suicide Prevention

  • Dementia Care

  • Pain and Palliative Care

Nedumangad municipality model hospital development
Nedumangad: MunicipalityModel Hospital Development

  • Infrastructure

  • Blood Bank and Mortuary

  • Fair price medical shop

  • Hospital Sanitation

Chembilod grama panchayath study on gender status in health
Chembilod: Grama PanchayathStudy on Gender Status in Health

  • Local Women’s Health Cell

  • Sex Ratio

  • Education Status

  • Sanitation, Toilet and Bathing Facilities

  • Household work burden

  • Health Care Facilities

  • Health and Sex Education