A twelfth century hospital at polonnaruva and medical and surgical equipment
Download
1 / 30

A TWELFTH CENTURY HOSPITAL AT POLONNARUVA AND MEDICAL AND SURGICAL EQUIPMENT - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 65 Views
  • Uploaded on

A TWELFTH CENTURY HOSPITAL AT POLONNARUVA AND MEDICAL AND SURGICAL EQUIPMENT FOUND THEREIN (Part 2). P.N.PREMATILLEKE and A.P.R.ALUWIHARE. Surgery. Indian Subcontinent from before the onset of the Christian Era - Susrutha

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'A TWELFTH CENTURY HOSPITAL AT POLONNARUVA AND MEDICAL AND SURGICAL EQUIPMENT' - branxton


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
A twelfth century hospital at polonnaruva and medical and surgical equipment

A TWELFTH CENTURY HOSPITAL

AT POLONNARUVA AND MEDICAL

AND SURGICAL EQUIPMENT

FOUND THEREIN (Part 2).

P.N.PREMATILLEKE and A.P.R.ALUWIHARE


Surgery
Surgery

  • Indian Subcontinent from before the onset of the Christian Era -Susrutha

  • Surgery is known to have existed as a science in Greek times

  • Surgical type instruments in:-

  • Taxila, instruments from Sirkat.

  • Models on Arab instruments are on display in Kuwait

  • Roman Empire surgery -instruments were found in Pompeii, In Britain are examples on Roman era instruments

  • Surgery was known in China, Eqypt


A twelfth century hospital at polonnaruva and medical and surgical equipment

Surgery is one of the main branch of Ayurveda. Susrut is called as Father of Surgery, his famous treatise “Susrut Samhita” is an ancient authoritative book on Surgery.

There are many significant features of Ayurvedic Surgery one of them is Anushastra karma i.e. minimal invasive para-surgical measure.

The Kshara karma is one of the Anushastra karma.


Susrutha approx 2000 yrs ago
Susrutha (approx 2000 yrs ago) called as

  • -Kshara Suthra thread and fistula

  • -training

  • -short finger nails and hair

  • -research-

  • -practice first on fruit

  • -invisible organisms that spread ‘infection’

  • -Forehead rhinoplasty


Records 1
Records (1) called as


Records 2
Records (2) called as


Kshara suthra
KSHARA SUTHRA called as


Srilanka less known
SriLanka called as -less known

Practice on

lotus leaves!

(Susrutha,

Mango/Pears


Surgery sri lanka
Surgery- Sri Lanka called as

  • Kings Buddhadasa and Parakramabahu?

  • Descriptions like in India- ? Copied or real

  • Accounts in Chulawamsa and other texts

  • Accounts by Budddhagosa

  • FINDING INSTRUMENTS VALIDATES TRUTH OF TEXTS AND THAT OPERATIONS WERE DONE


A twelfth century hospital at polonnaruva and medical and surgical equipment
?H’s called as


Grinders
‘Grinders’ called as


Betel betel and tobacco leaf calcium hydroxide areconut
BETEL! called as Betel and tobacco leaf, Calcium Hydroxide, Areconut


Spoon
SPOON called as


Weighing machines scales
Weighing called as ‘machines’- Scales


Probes applicators
Probes/ called as Applicators


Susrutha hindus
Susrutha called as /Hindus


Hindu instruments
‘Hindu’ called as instruments


Taxila
Taxila called as


Roman
Roman called as


Forceps long handle
Forceps called as - long handle






Scalpel wooden handle
Scalpel- called as wooden handle


Some references
Some references called as

  • Aluwihare A.P.R.(1983- 2001) Personal observations in Kuwait, Edinburgh, St Albans, Taxila, Sirkat and Mohendajaro, Cairo, Naples and Pompeii, Xian,Lyon

  • Cassar, P.,(1974) Surgical instruments on a tomb slab in Roman Malta Med Hist. 18: 89-93

  • Gazzaniga V, Serarcangeli C (1999)Surgical Roman instruments in the Museum of History of Medicine of the University of Rome "La Sapienza" Med Secoli.;11:217-29

  • Hamarneh,SK., Awad, HA.,( 1977)Early surgical instruments excavated in Old Cairo, Egypt.Int Surg. 62; 520-4

  • Marshall, John H (1960) A Guide to Taxila Department of Archaeology, Pakistan; University Press Cambridge

  • Mukhopadhaya G (1914) The Surgical Instruments of the Hindus with a Comparative Study of the Greek, Roman , Arab, and the Modern European Surgeons Volumes I and II University Press Calcutta

  • Naqvi NH (2003) Surgical instruments in the Taxila Museum Med Hist. 47:89-98

  • Prakash. UB., (1978) Shushruta of ancient India SurgGynecol Obstet. 146; 263-72

  • Premathilleke, L. & Aluwihare, A.P.R.(1990) Ancient hospitals of Sri Lanka, Built environment and surgical systems; Ancient Ceylon; 10: 281-289.

  • Prematilleke L., & Aluwihare A.P.R. (1995) Ancient Hospital Systems of Sri Lanka 767- 781 Colour Plates Dr.M.S.NagarajaRao Festschrift Bangalore


Why decline lessons for today
Why decline?-Lessons for today called as

  • War

  • Disease

  • Shift of Capitals

  • Narrow mindedness of medical personnel-not participating in national affairs

  • Infighting amongst medical professionals


A twelfth century hospital at polonnaruva and medical and surgical equipment

Thank you called as