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IV. British Take Over India. A. British East India Co. and Mughal Empire. Exploiting Indian diversity by encouraging competition and disunity among princes; superior weapons. 2. British policy to make money. Improve roads, preserve peace, end crime

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A british east india co and mughal empire
A. British East India Co. and Mughal Empire

  • Exploiting Indian diversity by encouraging competition and disunity among princes; superior weapons


2 british policy to make money
2. British policy to make money

  • Improve roads, preserve peace, end crime

  • Western education and religion (missionaries)

  • End slavery and caste system

  • Help women-end sati (throwing self in fire)


3 sepoy rebellion 1857 a causes
3. Sepoy Rebellion-1857a. Causes

  • Sepoys (Indian soldiers) serve anywhere, even overseas

  • Hindu widows could remarry- viewed as Christian conspiracy

  • New rifles with cartridges greased with animal fat (Cows- sacred, pigs-forbidden)


B rebellion

Against British officers

Killed British citizens &GB retaliated

Legacy of fear, hatred and mistrust

Resulted in direct rule by GB (rather than the EI Co.)

b. Rebellion


B british colonial rule 1 unequal partnership
B. British Colonial Rule1. Unequal partnership

  • Viceroy-ruled India in name of queen

  • British officials had top positions

  • Source of raw materials and a market

  • Deforestation (agriculture instead of nomadic tribes)


2. Modern Methods Population Growth

Famine in late 1800’s

3. Benefits of British Rule

  • Peace & order in countryside

  • Legal system promote justice for all

  • Railroad, telegraph, postal system

  • Western education

  • Bridge regional differences-national unity


C different views of culture 1 indian attitudes
C. Different Views of Culture1. Indian Attitudes

  • 2 attitudes-west and traditional

  • Ram Mohun Roy – both, early 1800’s

    i. Scholar, founder of Indian nationalism

    ii. Pride in Indian tradition


iii. Condemned caste system, child marriage, sati, and purdah (isolation of women in separate quarters)


2 western attitude
2. Western Attitude purdah (isolation of women in separate quarters)

  • Some admired classics, philosophy and religion: Hinduism and Buddhism

  • Most knew little and treated India with contempt


D indian nationalism
D. Indian Nationalism purdah (isolation of women in separate quarters)

  • Exposure to western ideas led to desire to equality & self-rule

  • In 1885, Indian National Congress (Congress Party) wanted greater democracy and self-rule



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