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Airpower Through The Post Cold War (Part 2). Overview. Video Clip/Beyond the Wild Blue Operation PROVIDE COMFORT/NORTHERN WATCH Background to conflict and lessons learned Operation SOUTHERN WATCH Background to conflict and lessons learned Operation PROVIDE RELIEF/RESTORE HOPE

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overview
Overview
  • Video Clip/Beyond the Wild Blue
  • Operation PROVIDE COMFORT/NORTHERN WATCH
    • Background to conflict and lessons learned
  • Operation SOUTHERN WATCH
    • Background to conflict and lessons learned
  • Operation PROVIDE RELIEF/RESTORE HOPE
    • Background to conflict and lessons learned
the crisis in iraq
The Crisis in Iraq
  • UN Security Council established a “no-fly zone” over northern Iraq to protect the Kurdish people from attacks by Saddam Hussein
  • Operation Provide Comfort began on 5 Apr 91 as a humanitarian relief effort to deliver food, clothing, and supplies to Iraq’s Kurdish refugees
  • C-130s began airdropping supplies on 7 Apr 91
  • Lasted approximately eight years and was then replaced by Operation Northern Watch
the crisis in iraq lessons learned onw
The Crisis in IraqLessons Learned - ONW
  • The need to avoid “Fratricide”
  • The limitations of airdrops
  • Host-country tensions
  • The need for alternate bases
  • Lack of an “exit strategy”
the crisis in iraq1
The Crisis in Iraq
  • Operation Southern Watch (OSW) was a Combined Task Force enforcing the “no-fly zone” below the 36th parallel in southern Iraq
  • Not an aggression against Iraq – executed as a self-defense measure
  • Coalition partners included the U.S., UK, France, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait
  • More than 850 Iraqi SAM and AAA fire directed at coalition aircraft
  • Iraq violated the “no-fly zone” more than 160 times
  • More than 150,000 USAF sorties by 1998
what we ve effectively done since 1992 is conduct an air occupation of a country

“What we’ve effectively done since 1992 is conduct an air occupation of a country…”

Gen Fogleman, Jul 1995

the crisis in iraq lessons learned osw
The Crisis in IraqLessons Learned - OSW
  • Became a test for USAF AEF concept in Oct 1995
  • Quality of life changes needed due to high “Ops-Tempo”
  • Reorganized Security Forces
the crisis in somalia
The Crisis in Somalia
  • In-mid 1992, drought and civil war devastated Somalia
  • Food supplies became a weapon of war
  • Operation Provide Relief began on 22 Aug 1992 by the U.S. to deliver food to Somali refugees
  • Military and civilian aircraft used
  • Over 2,000 sorties, carrying 48,162 metric tons of food
the crisis in somalia1
The Crisis in Somalia
  • Although a humanitarian effort:
    • 44 American soldiers lost their lives
    • 175 were injured or wounded
  • Danger of failure due to warlord interference
  • Operation Restore Hope
    • Coalition peacekeeping operation from 9 Dec 92 – 4 May 93
    • First test of Rapid Global Mobility from the CONUS
the crisis in somalia lessons learned
The Crisis in SomaliaLessons Learned
  • First large scale test of newly formed AMC and the Tanker Airlift Control Center (TACC)
  • Difficulties evolved in the planning, coordinating and managing of the operation
  • Austere infrastructure of Somalia added to the lack of adequate bases for strategic airlift aircraft
summary
Summary
  • Background to the Conflict
  • Iraqi threats
  • Air Defense Threat
  • The Plan of Attack
  • Concept of Operations
  • Five Strategic Rings
  • Targets
  • Campaign Overview
  • Video Clip/Beyond the Wild Blue
summary1
Summary
  • Video Clip/Beyond the Wild Blue

Operation PROVIDE COMFORT/NORTHERN WATCH

    • Background to conflict and lessons learned
  • Operation SOUTHERN WATCH
    • Background to conflict and lessons learned
  • Operation PROVIDE RELIEF/RESTORE HOPE
    • Background to conflict and lessons learned
summary2
Summary
  • Operation DENY FLIGHT
    • Background to conflict and lessons learned
  • Operation ALLIED FORCE
    • Background
    • NATO Actions
    • Operation ALLIED FORCE Begins
  • Operation ALLIED FORCE
      • Lessons learned by U.S. Military
      • Political Lessons Learned
      • Impact of Lessons Learned on Future DOD Budget
  • CFD Review
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