slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Comparison of the avian biodiversity between the state of Rio de Janeiro and Fairfield County PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Comparison of the avian biodiversity between the state of Rio de Janeiro and Fairfield County

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 1

Comparison of the avian biodiversity between the state of Rio de Janeiro and Fairfield County - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 94 Views
  • Uploaded on

Comparison of the avian biodiversity between the state of Rio de Janeiro and Fairfield County Michael L. DeLea.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

Comparison of the avian biodiversity between the state of Rio de Janeiro and Fairfield County


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript
    1. Comparison of the avian biodiversity between the state of Rio de Janeiro and Fairfield County Michael L. DeLea INTRODUCTION:South America is among the most biologically diverse locations in the world, and Brazil is no exception. Being home to several different ecosystems (see fig. 1), including the Atlantic Rainforest and the endangered Brazilian restinga, it is easy to understand why such a large number of species inhabit the region. Brazil boasts a great diversity of mammals and plants, but the avian biodiversity in particular accounts for about one sixth of the population. Our goal was to collect data on the largest number of avian species possible and compare the information with species numbers representative of Farifield county. Figure 1. Six different biomes characteristic of Brazil. These include the Amazon Rainforest, “Caatinga” or dry forest region, Cerrado or tropical savanna, Pantanal or watershed, Atlantic Rainforest, and the Pampa grasslands. METHODS: Brazilian bird species were documented during a seven hour period in a variety of habitats including restinga, wetlands, and mangrove forest. Birds were observed and identified in their natural habitats by morphological features such as color, approximate size, beak form, behavior, etc. At times, bird call playback was utilized to lure out concealed inhabitants. The biodiversity data from Fairfield county was collected over a four year period by Fairfield University’s ornithology class that sampled various local habitats. Figure 2. From the family Threskiornithidea, the Roseate Spoonbill (Platalea ajaja) Avian families with representatives in both Rio de Janeiro and Fairfield County Figure 2. From the family Thamnophilidae, the endangered restinga antwren (Formicivora littoralis) Roadside Hawk Great Blue Heron Table 1: Family and species occurrences in the state of Rio de Janeiro and Fairfield County. Accipitridae (Hawks and eagles) Anatidae (Ducks, geese and swans) Ardeidae (Herons and bitterns) Cathartidae (New World vultures and condors) Cerylidae (Water Kingfishers) Charadriidae (Plovers and lapwings) Columbidae (Pigeons and doves) Falconidae (Falcons and caracaras) Hirundinidae (Swallows and martins) Icteridae (New World blackbirds) Laridae (Gulls and terns) Mimidae (Mockingbirds and thrashers) Passeridae (Old World sparrows) Psittacidae (Parrots) Scolopacidae (Sandpipers) Strigidae (Typical owls) Tyrannidae (Tyrant flycatchers) Red-tailed Hawk Crested Caracara SUMMARY:Our results show that in seven hours of surveying bird species in the state of Rio de Janeiro, we identified representatives of 24 bird families and 54 bird species in total. This is compared with the 39 families and 93 species documented over a four year period in Fairfield county. There are 17 families that have representatives in both areas, including some species that are present in both locations, and seven families whose members were only found in Brazil (See fig. 2 and fig. 3). Including the native and migratory species, Brazil ranks third world-wide for the greatest number of bird species with an astounding 1,677 specimens and the state of Rio de Janeiro accounts for 732 of those species. This is compared to the 888 species of the United States (ranked 23rd) and the 424 recorded species of Connecticut. Our results give evidence to the argument that Brazil has greater avian biodiversity because the majority of families present are represented by at least two species while this is not the case in the data from Farifield County. This can be correlated to the existence of a diversity of ecosystems that provide niches for the avian populations. Unfortunately, the threat of extinction continues to be a concern due to alteration of habitats, increased resource demand, and other human activities. Currently, there are over one hundred indigenous bird species that are on the endangered list and face extinction if conservative action is not taken. White-browed Blackbird Merlin Orchard Oriole Lesser Yellowlegs Monk Parakeet Orange-winged Amazon Department of Biology Fairfield, CT 06824 Special thanks to Dr. Brian Walker, Dr. Ashley Byun-McKay, Dr. Tod Osier, Salvatore Siciliano, Luciano Moreira Lima, Bruno Carlos Rennó Ribeiro Soares, and Helio Kinast Cruz Secco without whom, this project would not have been possible. Eastern Phoebe Masked Water-tyrant