A Brief History of Women in the Military - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

a brief history of women in the military n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
A Brief History of Women in the Military PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
A Brief History of Women in the Military

play fullscreen
1 / 11
A Brief History of Women in the Military
207 Views
Download Presentation
brandee-canute
Download Presentation

A Brief History of Women in the Military

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. A Brief History of Women in the Military

  2. American Revolution & Civil War • No official role in the military • Worked as cooks, seamstresses, caregivers, nurses, and launderers • Some disguised themselves as men and fought in battle • Some acted as spies, saboteurs, and couriers

  3. Spanish American War & World War I • Nursing Corps formed as an auxiliary to the Army (1901) and Navy (1908). • 34,000 women served as nurses in all armed forces in WWI. • No military rank. No military benefits.

  4. World War II • Women given full military status • Navy WAVES (1942) • Army WAC (1943) • Airforce WASPS • Marine Corps Women’s Reserve • Coast Guard Women’s Reserve

  5. World War II • Nurses, secretaries, telephone operators • 350,000 women served in the military representing 2% of the total force • Women became permanent members of the Regular and Reserve forces (1948)

  6. Korea & Vietnam • Roles increased due to changes in society and the needs of the military • Nurses, clerical/administrative, communications, personnel, finance, data processing, intelligence • Initially 1% of the military force

  7. 1970’s • First women generals and admirals • All Volunteer Force (end of the draft) • Title 9 – girls active in school sports • Service academies opened to women (1976) • Women integrated fully into military branches of services • Women entered Airborne Training

  8. 1980’s • Combat Exclusion Policy • Operation Urgent Fury - Grenada • Operation Just Cause - Panama

  9. Desert Storm • Transportation, helicopter pilots, missiles, supply, medics, and more • 40,000 women • Greater acceptance of women in expanded roles

  10. Iraq & Afghanistan • Serving on Navy ships, and as combat pilots, truck drivers, Marine search teams • 180,000 women in the war zone • Repeated deployments

  11. Key Points • Women’s role in the military is evolving and expanding • Women represent 15% of active force, 23% of reserves • Women as a percentage of the veteran population is growing (2.5% in 1970 to 8% in 2010) • Average female veteran is 46 compared to the average male veteran at 60. • “Combat exclusion” no longer an option