slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Structural Vulnerability, Risk Assessment and Land Use Issues for Transportation Infrastructure PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Structural Vulnerability, Risk Assessment and Land Use Issues for Transportation Infrastructure

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 17

Structural Vulnerability, Risk Assessment and Land Use Issues for Transportation Infrastructure - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 144 Views
  • Uploaded on

May 18, 2005. Structural Vulnerability, Risk Assessment and Land Use Issues for Transportation Infrastructure. Shay K. Burrows, P.E. Senior Structural Engineer. July 13, 2014. Outline. Identify threats to bridges and tunnels Describe the effective defense strategy

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

Structural Vulnerability, Risk Assessment and Land Use Issues for Transportation Infrastructure


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript
    1. May 18, 2005 Structural Vulnerability, Risk Assessment and Land Use Issues for Transportation Infrastructure Shay K. Burrows, P.E. Senior Structural Engineer

    2. July 13, 2014 Outline • Identify threats to bridges and tunnels • Describe the effective defense strategy • How land use plays a major part in supporting the defense

    3. Are Bridges and Tunnels Really Targets? • Bridges and tunnels are attractive terrorist targets due to: • Economic importance to traffic and commerce • Symbolism (I.e. Golden Gate Bridge, Lincoln Tunnel, etc.) • Cost and time for replacement • Public impact from an attack • Relatively high vulnerability, both susceptibly and structurally Source: Transportation Security Administration

    4. Encyclopedia of Afghan Resistance Are Bridges and Tunnels Really Targets? Pressure point #1 Pressure point #2 Pressure point #3 “When you destroy large bridges by explosives, loading the middle part will destroy the netted area (the roadway), the explosives should be combined with others placed at the two pressure points. This will destroy the bridge.”

    5. Terrorist TacticsPossible Course of Action – Decision Criteria • High probability of success • Impact – maximize damage and casualties • Realistic Logistics – easily obtained materials • Speed – minimize placement and priming time • Secrecy and surprise • Simplicity and easy coordination • Flexibility

    6. Terrorists Threats to Bridges • Mechanical cutting devices • Chemicals (acids, corrosives, etc.) • Thermite • Torches • Area denial • Chemical/ biological • Small bombs, or just the threat of one

    7. Terrorist Threats to Bridges Explosion! Bombs constitute a high percentage of terrorist attacks worldwide

    8. Explosive Effectiveness • Depends on: • Type • Amount (the more the better!) • Location • Internally placed • External contact • Standoff Decreasing effectiveness Decreasing time on target

    9. Explosive Location 5' Required C-4 Charge Size for Breaching of Concrete 6' 2.5' Standoff of 6': 267x lb Center of mass: x lb Contact, elevated, un-tamped: 34x lb Source: FM5-250 and ConWep

    10. Vehicle Bombs • Historically, the terrorist weapon of choice • Can use more explosives • Doesn’t require any time on target

    11. Mitigation – In General • The goal is to implement measures which are appropriate and effective for a particular risk, yet economical and do not interfere with a bridge’s operation

    12. Construct an Effective Defense • Response and Recovery • Prepare to deal with multiple, cascading events • Deterrence • Make them know you are watching • Denial • Physically limit access • Detection • Use security, sensors, surveillance • Defense • Apply permanent standoff, structural hardening

    13. Defense Priority • First Priority • Develop an accelerated response and recovery plan • Second Priority • Deter, deny, detect • Third Priority • Defend with standoff • Fourth Priority • Defend with structural toughening How effective land use can help: - Denying access - Providing standoff

    14. Deny Access – Fencing and Area Control • Fencing or bollards to deny vehicle access or parking

    15. Provide Standoff on Land • Permanent barriers may provide sufficient standoff, including bollards • Temporary barriers can be used to close roads/lanes or provide standoff around critical elements during a heightened alert or specific threat • Any barrier is better than none, since standoff is more important

    16. What We’re Trying to Prevent

    17. Contact Information • Shay K. Burrows, P.E. • FHWA- Resource Center • 10. S. Howard Street • Suite 4000 • Baltimore, MD 21201 • (410) 962-6791 • shay.burrows@fhwa.dot.gov