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SAMPLING MINORITY GROUPS MEETING THE CHALLENGE. Dr. Jo Goodey Programme Manager – Research EUMC. KEY POINTS. EUMC Current Data Collection and Challenges Pilot Victim Survey Sample Population Sampling Procedures Sampling Considerations Expectations.

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Dr. Jo Goodey

Programme Manager – Research


Key points

  • EUMC

  • Current Data Collection and Challenges

  • Pilot Victim Survey

  • Sample Population

  • Sampling Procedures

  • Sampling Considerations

  • Expectations

EUMC – European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia

Mandate – provide EC and its MSs with objective, reliable and comparable data on racism, xenophobia and antisemitism in EU

Key research areas: racist crime and violence; legislation; employment; education; housing

Eumc data collection
EUMC Data Collection

  • RAXEN (Racism and Xenophobia Information Network)

  • 25 NFPs (National Focal Points)

  • NFPs contracted to collect data in each key research area – feeds into Annual Report and targeted publications; for example:

  • Policing Racist Crime and Violence (Sep 2005)

  • Racist Violence in 15 EU Member States (April 2005)

Challenges facing eumc data collection
Challenges facing EUMC data collection

  • Data collection on & about minorities differs greatly between MSs

  • Ethnic monitoring not allowed in most MSs

  • Data Protection Laws often cited

  • MSs do collect data on nationality

  • Existing data collection often ineffective and is not directly comparable between MSs

Responding to challenges
Responding to Challenges

Absence of data collection

Unable to fulfil mandate

Pilot victim survey considerations for sampling methodology
Pilot Victim SurveyConsiderations for Sampling & Methodology

  • Population: How to decide on and identify groups for sampling?

  • Sample Unit: Individuals, households, dwellings?

  • Location: Where will surveys be conducted?

  • Mode of delivery: Pros and cons of face-to-face, CAPI, CATI; Language of delivery.

  • Consider – COST and CREDIBILITY

Identifying sample populations
Identifying Sample Populations

  • Identify maximum threeethnic minority and/or foreigner/immigrant groups in each MS for surveying

  • Identify groups considered vulnerable to criminal victimisation, including ‘racially’, ‘ethnically’ or ‘religiously’ motivated crime

  • Identify groups with common marginalised status when compared with majority population

  • Identify groups on basis of available credible (official and unofficial) information

Sample population
Sample Population

Ethnic Minority =

  • Both citizens (nationals) and non-citizens (non-nationals) of MSs who consider themselves as having identifiable group characteristics (language, culture, religion etc.)

  • NOT to be confused with ‘national minorities’

Sample population1
Sample Population

Foreigner/Immigrant =

  • Non-citizens (non-nationals) of MSs, as defined by their nationality, or minority citizens who are commonly labelled so to indicate their ‘otherness’

  • Someone who resides either permanently or temporarily in MS. NOT non-resident migrant workers or tourists

  • Refugees and asylum seekers can be included

Possible sampling approaches
Possible Sampling Approaches

  • Various sampling approaches considered, with implications for survey’s application mode:

  • High Density Sampling: Many MSs have no official registers of ethnic minority populations, therefore sample in and around areas with known minority concentrations using ‘best’ available demographic data

  • Focused Enumeration: Screening method - can be applied in high density sampling sites (BCS)

Possible sampling approaches cont
Possible Sampling Approaches cont.

  • Name Lists: Identifies ‘foreign’ names from available registers (electoral registers, telephone books)

  • Multiplicity/Network Sampling: Respondent asked to identify people from (typically) rare network

  • Institutional Approach: Institutions approached to help identify ethnic minority and immigrant/foreigner populations

Sampling considerations
Sampling Considerations

  • Adopt multi-stage probability sampling as appropriate to (1) each Member State and (2) each minority group

  • Identify possible transferable methods for future survey

  • Utilise existing survey experience re ‘difficult to sample’ populations

Victim survey expectations
Victim Survey Expectations

Short Term (Pilot)

  • Test survey sampling/methodology – on minorities

  • Provide preliminary sampling/research results

    Long Term

  • Provide an alternative source of information to official criminal justice data

  • Identify minority groups prone to victimisation, receiving poor service from police/victim services, high levels of insecurity etc.

  • Possibility for extension to EU25

Pilot survey roadmap
Pilot Survey Roadmap

  • Launch CFT in February 2006

  • Start survey early summer 2006

  • Initial findings spring 2007

    [email protected]