Ch 3 4
1 / 37

Ch 3 & 4 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Ch 3 & 4. Mental/Emotional Health Personality and Emotions. Personality . Same Factors that influence your health influence your personality Heredity Environment Attitude Behavior Media Technology. Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Ch 3 & 4' - braith

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Ch 3 4

Ch 3 & 4

Mental/Emotional Health

Personality and Emotions


  • Same Factors that influence your health influence your personality

    • Heredity

    • Environment

    • Attitude

    • Behavior

    • Media

    • Technology

Erikson s 8 stages of development
Erikson’s 8 Stages of Development

  • 0-1 Basic Trust or Mistrust

  • Child’s feelings of being loved result in trust or mistrust leads to chaos 

  • 1-3 Autonomy or Shame and Doubt

  • Praise for learning and control of bodily functions bring independence or criticism and neglect lead to shame and doubt 

  • 3-6 Initiative or guilt

  • Praise for efforts leads to initiative, with development of memory and desire to begin learning adult roles. results in guilt

  • 6-11 Industry or Inferiority

  • Feelings of worth and competence result in desire to learn and be productive or lack of industry or sense of self worth leads to feelings of inferiority in

  • Comparison to others

  •  12-19 Identity or role confusion

    • Sexual maturation and questions about identity lead to development of friendships or inability to separate from family results in adult role confusion

  •  Young Adult Intimacy or isolation

  • Shares self with others or inability to commit self leads to isolation 

  • Middle Adult Generativity or Stagnation

  • Has desire to contribute to community or is self absorbed

  • Late Adult Integrity or Despair

  • Accepts fact of death and remembers life fondly or fears death and feels sense of failure

  • Mental health
    Mental Health

    • Having a positive outlook, being comfortable with yourself and others, and being able to meet life’s challenges and demands.

    Signs of good mental health
    Signs of good Mental Health

    • Realistic about strengths and weaknesses

    • Responsible for their personal behavior

    • Open minded and flexible

    • Fun-loving and able to relax alone or with others

    • Avoid high risk behaviors, (tobacco, alcohol, and drugs)

    • Respect both their own and others’ needs

    • Respect everyone’s value as a human being-including their own

    • Express their emotions in ways that do not hurt themselves or others

    • Invest time and energy into nourishing relationships

    • Put their talents and abilities to good use

    • View change as a challenge and an opportunity

    Road blocks to mental health
    Road Blocks to mental health

    • All or nothing thinking

    • Expecting the worst in others or yourself

    • Being a perfectionist

    • Letting your actions or words betray your values

      • How you see yourself may have a lot to do with how others see you.

        • Pat on the back

    Character traits
    Character traits

    • Trustworthiness

    • Respect

    • Responsibility

    • Fairness

    • Caring

    • Citizenship

      • Who is your role model? How do they demonstrate these characteristics? Who are you a role model for? How might they see you demonstrating these characteristics?

        • Portfolio entry?

    Defensive mechanisms
    Defensive Mechanisms

    • Repression (unconscious)

    • Rationalization (excuse)

    • Regression (childish)

    • Denial (refusal)

    • Compensation (strength/weakness)

    • Projection (own attribution’s to another)

    • Idealization (fantasy-over-estimate admired)

    • Reaction Formation (opposite)

    • Daydreaming (lost in thought)

    • Sublimation (procrastination)

    • Displacement (redirecting to another)

    • Ventilation (letting steam go)

    • Placebo (thinking..motivation?)

    Defensive mechanisms1
    Defensive Mechanisms


    Tuesday 9 25

    • Pick up your Promethean Clicker (leave it off)

    • Get ready for our first activity!

    How many can you name
    How many can you name?

    Group 1

    • Ari

    • Dana

    • Max

    • Dean

    • Colton

    • Rikki

    • Zach S.

    • Hannah

    • Steven

    • Matt

    • Lily

    • Abbey

    • Sam

    Group 2

    • John

    • Lexie

    • James

    • Ethan

    • Hannah

    • Talia

    • Michael

    • Mara

    • Zachary R.

    • Alex

    • Alyssa

    • Brady

    • Morgan

    How many can you name1
    How many can you name?

    • Sports played with a ball

    How many can you name3
    How many can you name?

    • Toppings on a pizza

    How many can you name7
    How many can you name?

    • Animals with 4 legs

    How many can you name10
    How many can you name?

    • Yogurt Brands

    How many can you name12
    How many can you name?

    • Foods that start with the letter “E”


    • Kinds of Stressors

      • Biological

        • Changes in body, illness, injury, disability

      • Environmental

        • Unsafe area, media, natural disasters, war

      • Cognitive (Thinking)

        • Self-esteem, personal appearance, not fitting in

      • Personal Behavior

        • Busy schedule, Relationship issues, smoking, alcohol

      • Life situation

        • School demands, bullying, peer pressure, family problems


    How do you cope with stress?

    Stress mail
    Stress mail


    To: Stress Mail

    Subject: Stress in the family

    My parents are getting a

    divorce, and I’m really stressed

    out about it. I can’t stop

    thinking about what’s going to

    happen to my family. I don’t

    feel like hanging out with any

    of my friends, and I don’t think

    there’s anyone I can talk to who

    will understand what I’m going

    through. When someone does try

    to talk to me, I snap at them

    and tell them to leave me alone.

    I don’t know what to do to get

    this knot out of my stomach.


    To: Stress Mail

    Subject: Stress on the go

    I am so stressed! I barely have a

    minute to relax all day long. Before

    school, I go to swim practice, and

    after school, I work on the school

    newspaper and have piano lessons. On

    Saturday mornings, I volunteer at the

    local hospital. Then the rest of the

    weekend, I try to catch up on the

    schoolwork that I didn’t have time for

    all week. I never see my friends, and

    I always eat on the run. I’m starting

    to have headaches an d stomachaches.

    What should I do?


    • Identify the physical and mental responses of stress.

    • Identify what causes stress.

    • Explain techniques of coping with stress.

    • Apply their knowledge of coping with stress to a given situation.

    Stages of the stress response
    Stages of the stress response

    • Alarm

    • Resistance

    • Fatigue

      • Physical

      • Pathological

      • Psychological

    Personality type
    Personality type

    • Type A……HardyPersonality…….Type B

      • Commitment

      • Control

      • Change

    Stress related symptoms
    Stress related symptoms

    • BP

    • Headache

    • Asthma

    • Immune system weakened

    • psychosomatic response

    Stress and your body 1 6
    Stress and your body (1-6)


    • Stress portrait of a killer


    Stress relaxation
    Stress Relaxation

    • Eat healthy meals with plenty of fruits and vegetables

    • • Maintain daily routine and schedule

    • • Exercise regularly

    • • Avoid caffeine (can increase feelings of anxiety and agitation)

    • • Do things you enjoy (for example: art, listening to music, being outdoors,

    • dancing, writing poetry, reading, etc.)

    • • Get good amounts of rest and sleep

    • • Avoid alcohol, tobacco and drugs

    • • State feelings in a clear way (for example: “I feel angry when you yell at me.”)

    • • Decrease negative self talk (for example: transform “My grades will never get any

    • better.” to “I may not be doing to well now, but my grades can improve if I get

    • extra help and I do all my homework.”)

    • • Be with friends who help you cope in a positive way

    • • Learn relaxation techniques (such as: deep breathing, muscle relaxation,

    • meditation)

    • • Talk to caring adults

    • •Humor/laughter


      • Relaxation activities