Confirming the Endotrachial Tube. Resa Lewiss MD RDMS. Pleural sliding Diaphragm movement. Indirect. Trachel ring. Direct. Prospective blinded observational efficacy Elective surgery adults (N=40) Sensitivity 100% Specificity 97%.
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Elective surgery adults (N=40)
Sensitivity 100% Specificity 97%
Milling TJ, Jones M, Khan T, Tad-y D, Melniker LA, Bove J, Yarmush J, SchianodiCola J.
Transtracheal 2-d ultrasound for identification of esophageal intubation.J Emerg Med. 2007 May;32(4):409-14.
Human cadaver (N=70)
Longitudinal 7.5 mHz curvilinear transducer
97% Sensitive 100% Specific
51% Sensitive 91% Specific
Ma G, Davis DP, Schmitt J, Vilke GM, Chan TC, Hayden SR
The sensitivity and specificity of transcricothyroid ultrasonography to confirm endotracheal tube placement in a cadaver model.J Emerg Med. 2007 May;32(4):405-7. Epub 2007 Apr 5.
Adults for Elective Surgery (N= 33)
Transverse Linear Transducer Suprasternal notch
Werner SL et al. Pilot Study to Evaluate the Accuracy of Ultrasonography in Confirming Endotracheal Tube Placement. Ann Emerg Med. 2007; 49:75-80
Ultrasound-guided localisation of the trachea.Anaesthesia. 2007 Sep;62(9):972-3.